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Université de Fribourg

Anthropogenic climate change and glacier lake outburst flood risk: local and global drivers and responsibilities for the case of lake Palcacocha, Peru

Huggel, Christian ; Carey, Mark ; Emmer, Adam ; Frey, Holger ; Walker-Crawford, Noah ; Wallimann-Helmer, Ivo

In: Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 2020, vol. 20, no. 8, p. 2175–2193

Evidence of observed negative impacts on natural and human systems from anthropogenic climate change is increasing. However, human systems in particular are dynamic and influenced by multiple drivers and hence identifying an anthropogenic climate signal is challenging. Here we analyze the case of lake Palcacocha in the Andes of Peru, which offers a representative model for other glacier lakes...

Université de Fribourg

Early diagenetic imprint on temperature proxies in holocene corals: a case study from french polynesia

Rashid, Rashid ; Eisenhauer, Anton ; Liebetrau, Volker ; Fietzke, Jan ; Böhm, Florian ; Wall, Marlene ; Krause, Stefan ; Rüggeberg, Andres ; Dullo, Wolf-Christian ; Jurikova, Hana ; Samankassou, Elias ; Lazar, Boaz

In: Frontiers in Earth Science, 2020, vol. 8, p. -

Coral-based reconstructions of sea surface temperatures (SSTs) using Sr/Ca, U/Ca and δ18O ratios are important tools for quantitative analysis of past climate variabilities. However, post-depositional alteration of coral aragonite, particularly early diagenesis, restrict the accuracy of calibrated proxies even on young corals. Considering the diagenetic effects, we present new Mid to Late...

Université de Fribourg

A monitoring system for spatiotemporal electrical self-potential measurements in cryospheric environments

Weigand, Maximilian ; Wagner, Florian M. ; Limbrock, Jonas K. ; Hilbich, Christin ; Hauck, Christian ; Kemna, Andreas

In: Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems, 2020, vol. 9, no. 2020-2, p. 317–336

Climate-induced warming increasingly leads to degradation of high-alpine permafrost. In order to develop early warning systems for imminent slope destabilization, knowledge about hydrological flow processes in the subsurface is urgently needed. Due to the fast dynamics associated with slope failures, non- or minimally invasive methods are required for inexpensive and timely characterization...

Université de Fribourg

The importance of input data quality and quantity in climate field reconstructions – results from the assimilation of various tree-ring collections

Franke, Jörg ; Valler, Veronika ; Brönnimann, Stefan ; Neukom, Raphael ; Jaume-Santero, Fernando

In: Climate of the Past, 2020, vol. 16, no. 3, p. 1061–1074

Differences between paleoclimatic reconstructions are caused by two factors: the method and the input data. While many studies compare methods, we will focus in this study on the consequences of the input data choice in a state-of-the-art Kalman- filter paleoclimate data assimilation approach. We evaluate reconstruction quality in the 20th century based on three collections of tree-ring...

Université de Fribourg

Microphysics and dynamics of snowfall associated with a warm conveyor belt over Korea

Gehring, Josué ; Oertel, Annika ; Vignon, Étienne ; Jullien, Nicolas ; Besic, Nikola ; Berne, Alexis

In: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 2020, vol. 20, no. 12, p. 7373–7392

On 28 February 2018, 57 mm of precipitation associated with a warm conveyor belt (WCB) fell within 21 h over South Korea. To investigate how the large-scale circulation influenced the microphysics of this intense precipitation event, we used radar measurements, snowflake photographs and radiosounding data from the International Collaborative Experiments for Pyeongchang 2018 Olympic and...

Université de Fribourg

Emerging climate signals in the Lena River catchment: a non-parametric statistical approach

Pohl, Eric ; Grenier, Christophe ; Vrac, Mathieu ; Kageyama, Masa

In: Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 2020, vol. 24, no. 5, p. 2817–2839

Climate change has far-reaching implications in permafrost-underlain landscapes with respect to hydrology, ecosystems, and the population's traditional livelihoods. In the Lena River catchment, eastern Siberia, changing climatic conditions and the associated impacts are already observed or expected. However, as climate change progresses the question remains as to how far we are along this...

Université de Fribourg

Teleconnections and relationship between the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and the Southern Annular Mode (SAM) in reconstructions and models over the past millennium

Dätwyler, Christoph ; Grosjean, Martin ; Steiger, Nathan J. ; Neukom, Raphael

In: Climate of the Past, 2020, vol. 16, no. 2, p. 743–756

The climate of the Southern Hemisphere (SH) is strongly influenced by variations in the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and the Southern Annular Mode (SAM). Because of the limited length of instrumental records in most parts of the SH, very little is known about the relationship between these two key modes of variability over time. Using proxy-based reconstructions and last-millennium...

Université de Fribourg

Joint knowledge production in climate change adaptation networks

Muccione, Veruska ; Huggel, Christian ; Bresch, David N ; Jurt, Christine ; Wallimann-Helmer, Ivo ; Mehra, Meeta K ; Pabón Caicedo, José Daniel

In: Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 2019, vol. 39, p. 147–152

Adaptation to changing and new environmental conditions is of fundamental importance to sustainability and requires concerted efforts amongst science, policy, and practice to produce solution-oriented knowledge. Joint knowledge production or co-production of knowledge have become increasingly popular terms to describe the process of scientists, policy makers and actors from the civil society...

Université de Fribourg

Future retreat of Great Aletsch Glacier

Jouvet, Guillaume ; Huss, Matthias

In: Journal of Glaciology, 2019, vol. 65, no. 253, p. 869–872

We model the future evolution of the largest glacier of the European Alps – Great Aletsch Glacier, Switzerland – during the 21st century. For that purpose we use a detailed three-dimensional model, which combines full Stokes ice dynamics and surface mass balance forced with the most recent climate projections (CH2018), as well as with climate data of the last decades. As a result, all...