Université de Fribourg

Sensitivity checks for the local average treatment effect

Huber, Martin Huber

In: Economics letters, 2014, vol. 123, no. 2, p. 220-223

The nonparametric identification of the local average treatment effect (LATE) hinges on the satisfaction of three instrumental variable assumptions: (1) Unconfounded assignment of the instrument, (2) no average direct effect of the instrument on the outcome within compliance types (exclusion restric- tion), and (3) weak monotonicity of the treatment in the instrument. While (1) often appears...

Université de Fribourg

A simple test for the ignorability of non-compliance in experiments

Huber, Martin

In: Economics letters, 2013, vol. 120, no. 3, p. 389-391

This paper proposes a simple method for testing whether non-compliance in experiments is ignorable, i.e., not jointly related to the treatment and the outcome. The approach consists of (i) regressing the outcome variable on a constant, the treatment, the assignment indicator, and the treatment/assignment interaction and (ii) testing whether the coefficients on the latter two variables are...

Université de Fribourg

The Effect of Firms' Phased Retirement Policies on the Labor Market Outcomes of Their Employees

Huber, Martin ; Lechner, Michael ; Wunsch, Conny

In: ILR review, 2016, vol. 69, no. 5, p. 1216-1248

In this article, the authors assess the impact of firms’ offering a special form of phased retirement on their male employees’ labor market outcomes. The program aims at smoothing the transition from work to retirement and at decreasing costs in the public pension and unemployment insurance schemes through an increase in employment of elderly workers who otherwise would have exited...

Université de Fribourg

Testing instrument validity for LATE identification based on inequality moment constraints

Huber, Martin ; Mellace, Giovanni

In: Review of economics and statistics, 2015, vol. 97, no. 2, p. 398-411

We derive testable implications of instrument validity in just identified treat- ment effect models with endogeneity and consider several tests. The identifying assump- tions of the local average treatment effect allow us to both point identify and bound the mean potential outcomes (i) of the always takers under treatment and (ii) of the never takers under non-treatment. The point identified...

Université de Fribourg

Testing the validity of the sibling sex ratio instrument

Huber, Martin

In: Labour, 2015, vol. 29, no. 1, p. 1-14

We test the validity of the sibling sex ratio instrument in Angrist and Evans (1998) using the methods proposed by Kitagawa (2008) and Huber and Mellace (2014). The sex ratio of the first two siblings is arguably randomly assigned and influences the probability of having a third child, which makes it a candidate instrument for fertility when estimating the effect of fertility on female labor...

Université de Fribourg

Evaluating an Information Campaign about Rural Development Policies in FYR Macedonia

Huber, Martin ; Kotevska, Ana ; Martinovska Stojcheska, Aleksandra ; Solovyeva, Anna

In: Agricultural and Resource Economics Review, 2019, vol. 48, no. 1, p. 117-141

This study investigates the effects of a local information campaign on farmers’ interest in a rural development programme (RDP) in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. The results suggest that while our intervention succeeded in informing farmers, it had a negative, albeit only marginally significant, effect on the reported possibility of using future RDP support. This puzzling result...

Université de Fribourg

Direct and indirect effects based on changes-in-changes

Huber, Martin ; Schelker, Mark ; Strittmatter, Anthony

(Working Papers SES ; 508)

We propose a novel approach for causal mediation analysis based on changes-in- changes assumptions restricting unobserved heterogeneity over time. This allows disentangling the causal effect of a binary treatment on a continuous outcome into an indirect effect operating through a binary intermediate variable (called mediator) and a direct effect running via other causal mechanisms. We...

Université de Fribourg

Evaluating an information campaign about rural development policies in (FYR) Macedonia

Huber, Martin ; Kotevska, Ana ; Martinovska-Stojcheska, Aleksandra‏ ; Solovyeva, Anna

(Working Papers SES ; 469)

This paper investigates the effects of an information campaign about a governmental rural development program (RDP) in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia on the farmers’ intention to participate in the RDP. In the course of a survey among farmers, the treatment group received an information brochure with relevant details on selected RDP measures, while the control group received no...

Université de Fribourg

An introduction to flexible methods for policy evaluation

Huber, Martin

(Working Papers SES ; 504)

This chapter covers different approaches to policy evaluation for assessing the causal effect of a treatment or intervention on an outcome of interest. As an introduction to causal inference, the discussion starts with the experimental evaluation of a randomized treatment. It then reviews evaluation methods based on selection on observables (assuming a quasi-random treatment given observed...

Université de Fribourg

Evaluating local average and quantile treatment effects under endogeneity based on instruments : a review

Huber, Martin ; Wüthrich, Kaspar

(Working Papers SES ; 479)

This paper provides a review of methodological advancements in the evaluation of heterogeneous treatment effect models based on instrumental variable (IV) methods. We focus on models that achieve identification through a monotonicity assumption on the selection equation and analyze local average and quantile treatment effects for the subpopulation of compliers. We start with a comprehensive...