Internal working papers DIUF

Internal working papers DIUF
The DIUF Working Papers collection is a series of research papers edited by the Department of Informatics of the University of Fribourg (Switzerland). This series exists since 1958, and is available in its entirety in electronic form since 2015. The content of the publications fits into the research themes of informatics, operational research and statistics.
The collection has been published under the names of the Institute of Automation (IAUF) from 1958 to 1995, the Laboratory of Informatics (LIUF) from 1986 to 1995, and the Institute of Informatics (IIUF) from 1995 to 2000.

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Université de Fribourg

Intelligence Artificielle : Un aperçu

Mondal, Manuel ; Lalanne, Denis

(Internal working papers DIUF ; 21-03)

L’objectif de ce document est de présenter une introduction concise aux concepts fonda-mentaux de l’Intelligence Artificielle. Il s’adresse à toutes les personnes extérieures au domaine, curieuses à le découvrir ou à en approfondir leurs connaissances, tel que des chercheurs d’autres disciplines à la recherche de nouveaux outils, des juristes confrontés à des algorithmes de...

Université de Fribourg

Demystifying Artificial Intelligence

Mondal, Manuel ; Lalanne, Denis

(Internal working papers DIUF ; 21-02)

The objective of this document is to provide a non-technical introduction to the field of Artificial Intelligence. It is intended for anyone outside of the data science community curi-ous about the subject, such as researchers from other areas looking for new instruments, legal professionals confronted with automated decision making algorithms or legal tech tools, en-trepreneurs interested in...

Université de Fribourg

Neuralink and Beyond: Challenges of Creating an Enhanced Human

Gurtner, Dimitri

(Internal working papers DIUF ; 21-01)

This article is a literature review of Neuralink, brain-machine interfaces (BMIs) and their applications, followed by future possibilities of BMIs and their potential impacts. Currently, BMIs predominantly have therapeutic applications, such as helping people with spinal cord injury by allowing them to control a computer directly with their brain. However, BMIs can also improve learning,...

Université de Fribourg

Using stagger charts to improve the accuracy of demand forecasts

Ramosaj, Agneta ; Widmer, Marino

(Internal working papers DIUF ; 20-01)

Nowadays, no business organization can avoid the need for accurate demand forecasting. It helps make the right decisions at every level, strategic or operational, and it is the center of financial simulation or procurement decisions in terms of production. A way to depict company forecasts could be provided by a stagger chart, a visual tool that is easy to implement and is understandable at each...

Université de Fribourg

Valoriser les processus pour élaborer des cahiers des charges: une approche innovante

Venteicher, Francesca ; Widmer, Marino

(Internal working papers DIUF ; 18-02)

Lors de la fusion de communes, l’organisation des services du feu et leur efficacité dans la lutte contre les incendies et autres sinistres est une préoccupation des autorités cantonales. L’accroissement des activités socio-économiques et des besoins humains exerce une pression grandissante sur les corps des sapeurs-pompiers (CSP), créant des difficultés de recrutement et de...

Université de Fribourg

Finding the adequate location scenario after the merger of fire brigades thanks to Multiple Criteria Decision Analysis Methods

Aldabbas, Mohammad ; Venteicher, Francesca ; Gerber, Lenna ; Widmer, Marino

(Internal working papers DIUF ; 18-01)

This paper addresses the issue of selecting a suitable location for a fire station in canton of Fribourg, as a result of a fire brigades’merger, by applying Multiple Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) methods. Solving the problem of determining fire station locations through various methods has been analyzed in-­‐depth by researchers. However, a different approach, based on application of...

Université de Fribourg

Exploring nuances of user privacy preferences on a platform for political participation

Kaskina, Aigul

(Internal working papers / DIUF ; 17-02)

A problematic gap between existing online privacy controls and actual user disclosure behavior motivates researchers to focus on a design and development of intelligent privacy controls. These intelligent controls intend to decrease the burden of privacy decision-making and generate user-tailored privacy suggestions. To do so, at first it is necessary to analyze user privacy preferences. Previous...

Université de Fribourg

COG-FPOM: adapted fuzzy pay-off method for real options valuation : application in the abandonment decision of petroleum producing fields

Borges, R.E.P. ; Meier, Andreas

(Internal working papers DIUF ; 17-01)

This paper presents the COG-FPOM, a model based on the Fuzzy Pay-Off Method (FPOM). The FPOM is a scenario-based real option valuation method that uses fuzzy numbers as possibility distributions. The paper shows an unexpected result generated by the original FPOM, in which the real option would have a negative value. It further analyses its reasons and suggests a way to overcome it, by using the...

Université de Fribourg

N-light-N : Read The Friendly Manual

Seuret, Mathias ; Alberti, Michele ; Liwicki, Marcus

(Internal working papers DIUF ; 16-02)

This documentation wants to be a "user manual" for the N-light-N framework. The goal is not only to introduce the framework but also to provide enough information such that one can start modifying and upgrading it after reading this document. This document is divided into five chapters. The main purpose of Chapter 1 is to introduce into our notation and formulation. It refers to further...

Université de Fribourg

Towards human-centered cyber-physical systems : a modeling approach

Hadorn, Benjamin ; Courant, Michèle ; Hirsbrunner, Béat

(Internal working papers DIUF ; 16-01)

In this paper we present a new CPS model that considers humans as holistic beings, where mind and body operate as a whole and characteristics like creativity and empathy emerge. These characteristics influence the way humans interact and collaborate with technical systems. Our vision is to integrate humans as holistic beings within CPS in order to move towards a human-machine symbiosis. This...