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Université de Fribourg

A conceptual framework for range-expanding species that track human-induced environmental change

Essl, Franz ; Dullinger, Stefan ; Genovesi, Piero ; Hulme, Philip E ; Jeschke, Jonathan M ; Katsanevakis, Stelios ; Kühn, Ingolf ; Lenzner, Bernd ; Pauchard, Aníbal ; Pyšek, Petr ; Rabitsch, Wolfgang ; Richardson, David M ; Seebens, Hanno ; van Kleunen, Mark ; van der Putten, Wim H ; Vilà, Montserrat ; Bacher, Sven

In: BioScience, 2019, vol. 69, no. 11, p. 908–919

For many species, human-induced environmental changes are important indirect drivers of range expansion into new regions. We argue that it is important to distinguish the range dynamics of such species from those that occur without, or with less clear, involvement of human-induced environmental changes. We elucidate the salient features of the rapid increase in the number of species whose...

Université de Fribourg

Environmental and biological controls on Na∕Ca ratios in scleractinian cold-water corals

Schleinkofer, Nicolai ; Raddatz, Jacek ; Freiwald, André ; Evans, David ; Beuck, Lydia ; Rüggeberg, Andres ; Liebetrau, Volker

In: Biogeosciences, 2019, vol. 16, no. 18, p. 3565–3582

Here we present a comprehensive attempt to correlate aragonitic Na∕Ca ratios from Desmophyllum pertusum (formerly known as Lophelia pertusa), Madrepora oculata and a caryophylliid cold-water coral (CWC) species with different seawater parameters such as temperature, salinity and pH. Living CWC specimens were collected from 16 different locations and analyzed for their Na∕Ca ratios using...

Université de Fribourg

The diversity of population responses to environmental change

Colchero, Fernando ; Jones, Owen R. ; Conde, Dalia A. ; Hodgson, David ; Zajitschek, Felix ; Schmidt, Benedikt R. ; Malo, Aurelio F. ; Alberts, Susan C. ; Becker, Peter H. ; Bouwhuis, Sandra ; Bronikowski, Anne M. ; Vleeschouwer, Kristel M. ; Delahay, Richard J. ; Dummermuth, Stefan ; Fernández‐Duque, Eduardo ; Frisenvænge, John ; Hesselsøe, Martin ; Larson, Sam ; Lemaître, Jean‐François ; McDonald, Jennifer ; Miller, David A.W. ; O'Donnell, Colin ; Packer, Craig ; Raboy, Becky E. ; Reading, Chris J. ; Wapstra, Erik ; Weimerskirch, Henri ; While, Geoffrey M. ; Baudisch, Annette ; Flatt, Thomas ; Coulson, Tim ; Gaillard, Jean‐Michel

In: Ecology Letters, 2019, p. -

The current extinction and climate change crises pressure us to predict population dynamics with ever‐greater accuracy. Although predictions rest on the well‐advanced theory of age‐structured populations, two key issues remain poorly explored. Specifically, how the age‐dependency in demographic rates and the year‐to‐year interactions between survival and fecundity affect...

Université de Fribourg

More than “100 worst” alien species in Europe

Nentwig, Wolfgang ; Bacher, Sven ; Kumschick, Sabrina ; Pyšek, Petr ; Vilà, Montserrat

In: Biological Invasions, 2018, vol. 20, no. 6, p. 1611–1621

“One hundred worst” lists of alien species of the greatest concern proved useful for raising awareness of the risks and impacts of biological invasions amongst the general public, politicians and stakeholders. All lists so far have been based on expert opinion and primarily aimed at representativeness of the taxonomic and habitat diversity rather than at quantifying the harm the alien...

Université de Fribourg

A local risk map using field observations of the Asian longhorned beetle to optimize monitoring activities

Fragnière, Yann ; Forster, B. ; Hölling, D. ; Wermelinger, B. ; Bacher, Sven

In: Journal of Applied Entomology, 2018, vol. 142, no. 6, p. 578–588

The Asian longhorned beetle Anoplophora glabripennis (Motschulsky) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) is one of the most dangerous xylophagous pests affecting broadleaf trees in the world. Eradication programmes are undertaken in non-native regions, requiring extensive resources and involving high costs. An adapted strategy must be set up to optimize the ratio cost/probability of success. We...

Université de Fribourg

Developing a framework of minimum standards for the risk assessment of alien species

Roy, Helen E. ; Rabitsch, Wolfgang ; Scalera, Riccardo ; Stewart, Alan ; Gallardo, Belinda ; Genovesi, Piero ; Essl, Franz ; Adriaens, Tim ; Bacher, Sven ; Booy, Olaf ; Branquart, Etienne ; Brunel, Sarah ; Copp, Gordon Howard ; Dean, Hannah ; D?hondt, Bram ; Josefsson, Melanie ; Kenis, Marc ; Kettunen, Marianne ; Linnamagi, Merike ; Lucy, Frances ; Martinou, Angeliki ; Moore, Niall ; Nentwig, Wolfgang ; Nieto, Ana ; Pergl, Jan ; Peyton, Jodey ; Roques, Alain ; Schindler, Stefan ; Schönrogge, Karsten ; Solarz, Wojciech ; Stebbing, Paul D. ; Trichkova, Teodora ; Vanderhoeven, Sonia ; Valkenburg, Johan van ; Zenetos, Argyro

In: Journal of Applied Ecology, 2018, vol. 55, no. 2, p. 526–538

Biological invasions are a threat to biodiversity, society and the economy. There is an urgent need to provide evidence-based assessments of the risks posed by invasive alien species (IAS) to prioritize action. Risk assessments underpin IAS policies in many ways: informing legislation; providing justification of restrictions in trade or consumer activities; prioritizing surveillance and rapid...

Université de Fribourg

The perfect mixing paradox and the logistic equation: Verhulst vs. Lotka

Arditi, Roger ; Bersier, Louis-Félix ; Rohr, Rudolf P.

In: Ecosphere, 2016, vol. 7, no. 11, p. e01599

A theoretical analysis of density-dependent population dynamics in two patches sheds novel light on our understanding of basic ecological parameters. Firstly, as already highlighted in the literature, the use of the traditional r-K parameterization for the logistic equation (due to Lotka and Gause) can lead to paradoxical situations. We show that these problems do not exist with Verhulst's...