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Université de Fribourg

Kinetik des Ionentransports durch supramolekulare Kanäle in Einkristallen

Assouma, Cyrille D. ; Crochet, Aurélien ; Chérémond, Yvens ; Giese, Bernd ; Fromm, Katharina M.

In: Angewandte Chemie, 2013, vol. 125, no. 17, p. 4780-4783

Einkristall-zu-Einkristall-Umwandlungen sind durch Ionenaustausch- und Transportreaktionen durch supramolekulare Kanäle möglich, die aus Kronenether- Molekülen bestehen und Trihalogenid-Ionen als Gerüst nutzen. In kinetischen Messungen des Ionentransports bei unterschiedlichen Temperaturen wurde die Aktivierungsenergie für solche Systeme bestimmt, und ein schneller Austausch zwischen K+-...

Université de Fribourg

Elektronentransfer in Peptiden : Bildung von Silbernanopartikeln

Kracht, Sonja ; Messerer, Matthias ; Lang, Matthieu ; Eckhardt, Sonja ; Lauz, Miriam ; Grobéty, Bernard ; Fromm, Katharina M. ; Giese, Bernd

In: Angewandte Chemie, 2015, vol. 127, no. 10, p. 2954-2958

Einige Mikroorganismen zeigen anaerobe mineralische Respiration, bei der sie Metallionen zu Metallnanopartikeln reduzieren. Hierbei werden Peptide als Medium für den Elektronentransfer (ET) verwendet. Diese Reaktionsklasse wird anhand eines Modellpeptids und Silber als Metall diskutiert. Erstaunlicherweise können Silberionen, die von Peptiden mit Histidin als silberbindender Aminosäure und...

Université de Fribourg

New Antimicrobial and Biocompatible Implant Coating with Synergic Silver–Vancomycin Conjugate Action

Varisco, Massimo ; Khanna, Nina ; Brunetto, Priscilla S. ; Fromm, Katharina M.

In: ChemMedChem, 2014, vol. 9, no. 6, p. 1221-1230

Materials foreign to the body are used ever more frequently, as increasing numbers of patients require implants. As a consequence, the numbers of implant-related infections have grown as well, and with increasing resistance. Treatments often fail; thus, new antibacterial coating strategies are being developed by scientists to avoid, or at least strongly reduce, bacterial adhesion to implant...

Université de Fribourg

Neue Erkenntnisse über die Nashorn-Funde von Rickenbach (SO) (Oberes Oligozän, Kanton Solothurn, Schweiz) aus der Sammlung des Naturmuseums Olten

Tissier, Jérémy ; Geiger-Schütz, Pia ; Flückiger, Peter F. ; Becker, Damien

In: Naturforschende Gesellschaft Des Kantons Solothurn, 2021, vol. 44, p. 25-51

Die FossiIlagerstätte Rickenbach (SO) ist besonders bekannt als europäischer Referenzort für die Säugetierzone MP29 des Oberen Oligozäns (ca. 23,5 Millionen Jahre) zur biochronologischen Datierung europäischer Säugetierfossilien. Die Revision der im Naturmuseum Ölten aufbewahrten Nashorn-Funde erlaubte zum ersten Mal den Beschrieb von drei zusammen vorkommenden Arten, nämlich ...

Université de Fribourg

The Green Lean Amine Machine : Harvesting Electric Power While Capturing Carbon Dioxide from Breath

Kalkus, Trevor J. ; Guha, Anirvan ; Scholten, Philip B. V. ; Nagornii, Dimitrii ; Coskun, Ali ; Ianiro, Alessandro ; Mayer, Michael

In: Advanced Science, 2021, p. 2100995

As wearable technologies redefine the way people exchange information, receive entertainment, and monitor health, the development of sustainable power sources that capture energy from the user's everyday activities garners increasing interest. Electric fishes, such as the electric eel and the torpedo ray, provide inspiration for such a power source with their ability to generate massive...

Université de Fribourg

New species, revision, and phylogeny of Ronzotherium Aymard, 1854 (Perissodactyla, Rhinocerotidae)

Tissier, Jérémy ; Antoine, Pierre-Olivier ; Becker, Damien

In: European Journal of Taxonomy, 2021, vol. 753, p. 1-80

Ronzotherium is one of the earliest Rhinocerotidae in Europe, which first appeared just after the Eocene/Oligocene transition (Grande Coupure), and became extinct at the end of the Oligocene. It is a large-sized rhinocerotid, with a special position in the phylogeny of this group, as being one of the earliest-branching true Rhinocerotidae. However, its intra-generic systematics has never been...

Université de Fribourg

A new glirid-like cricetid from the lower Oligocene of Southern China

Lu, Xiao-Yu ; Ni, Xijun ; Maridet, Olivier

In: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 2021, p. e1917587

Here we report a new cricetid s.l., Caecocricetodon yani, gen. et sp. nov., discovered in the early Oligocene of the Caijiachong Formation in Yunnan Province, China. The new cricetid differs from all known cricetids or stem muroids by its particular molar pattern displaying numerous crests and spurs. Our phylogenetic analysis based on a matrix including 42 taxa and 72 characters indicates...

Université de Fribourg

Biodiversity effects on grape quality depend on variety and management intensity

Steiner, Magdalena ; Grace, James B. ; Bacher, Sven

In: Journal of Applied Ecology, 2021, p. 1-13

1. Interactions between plants can be beneficial, detrimental or neutral. In agricultural systems, competition between crop and spontaneous vegetation is a major concern. We evaluated the relative support for three non-exclusive ecological hypotheses about interactions between crop and spontaneous plants based on competition, complementarity or facilitation. 2. The study was conducted in...

Université de Fribourg

New data on early Oligocene dormice (Rodentia, Gliridae) from southern Europe : Phylogeny and diversification of the family

Lu, Xiaoyu ; Costeur, Loïc ; Hugueney, Marguerite ; Maridet, Olivier

In: Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 2021, p. 1-21

Rodents of the extant family Gliridae, commonly called dormice, are common in European faunas since the early Eocene. Here we study for the first time specimens from St-Martin-de-Castillon C (France, early Oligocene) previously reported as Gliravus aff. majori and Pseudodryomys aff. fugax. We now refer them to Butseloglis tenuis and Microdyromys misonnei. Besides the French material, new...