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Université de Fribourg

Taylor dispersion of inorganic nanoparticles and comparison to dynamic light scattering and transmission electron microscopy

A.Urban, Dominic ; M.Milosevic, Ana ; Bossert, David ; Crippa, Federica ; L.Moore, Thomas ; Geers, Christoph ; Balog, Sandor ; Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara ; Petri-Fink, Alke

In: Colloid and Interface Science Communications, 2018, vol. 22, p. 29–33

Taylor dispersion analysis (TDA) is an analytical method that has so far mainly been utilized to determine the diffusion coefficient of small molecules, and proteins. Due to increasing interest in nanoscience, some research has been done on the applicability of TDA towards characterizing nanoparticles. This work aims to expand this knowledge and give insight into the range for which TDA can...

Université de Fribourg

Light-responsive azo-containing organogels

Ayer, Mathieu A. ; Schrettl , Stephen ; Balog, Sandor ; Simon, Yoan C. ; Weder, Christoph

In: Soft Matter, 2017, vol. 13, no. 22, p. 4017-4023

While azo compounds are widely employed as radical initiators, they have rarely been used as stimuli-responsive motifs in macromolecular constructs. In this study, an azo-based cross-linker was prepared and reacted with poly(vinyl alcohol) to afford a series of stimuli-responsive organogels. Irradiation of these materials with UV light causes de-cross-linking and triggers a solid-to-liquid phase...

Université de Fribourg

Mechanochemistry with Metallosupramolecular Polymers

Balkenende, Diederik W. R. ; Coulibaly, Souleymane ; Balog, Sandor ; Simon, Yoan C. ; Fiore, Gina L. ; Weder, Christoph

In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2014, vol. 136, no. 29, p. 10493-10498

The transduction of mechanical force into useful chemical reactions is an emerging design approach to impart soft materials with new functions. Here, we report that mechanochemical transductions can be achieved in metallo-supramolecular polymers. We show that both reversible and irreversible reactions are possible and useful to create me-chanically responsive materials that display new...

Université de Fribourg

Dynamic depolarized light scattering of small round plasmonic nanoparticles: When imperfection is only perfect

Balog, Sandor ; Rodriguez-Lorenzo, Laura ; Monnier, Christophe A. ; Michen, Benjamin ; Obiols-Rabasa, Marc ; Casal-Dujat, Lucia ; Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara ; Petri-Fink, Alke ; Schurtenberger, Peter

In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2014, vol. 118, no. 31, p. 17968–17974

Although small round gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) possess only a small degree of shape anisotropy, they support localized surface plasmon resonances and exhibit intrinsic optical anisotropy. These inherent features promote depolarized light scattering, whose temporal fluctuations carry information about rotational Brownian dynamics, and thus can be used to describe the size distribution of...

Université de Fribourg

Characterizing nanoparticles in complex biological media and physiological fluids with depolarized dynamic light scattering

Balog, Sandor ; Rodriguez-Lorenzo, Laura ; Monnier, Christophe A. ; Obiols-Rabas, Marc ; Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara ; Schurtenberger, Peter ; Petri-Fink, Alke

In: Nanoscale, 2015, p. -

Light scattering is one of the few techniques available to adequately characterize suspended nanoparticles (NPs) in real time and in situ. However, when it comes to NPs in multicomponent and optically complex aqueous matrices – such as biological media and physiological fluids – light scattering suffers from lack of selectivity, as distinguishing the relevant optical signals from the...

Université de Fribourg

Photocount statistics in mesoscopic optics

Balog, Sandor ; Zakharov, Pavel ; Scheffold, Frank ; Skipetrov, S. E.

In: Physical Review Letters, 2006, vol. 97, p. 103901

We report the first observation of the impact of mesoscopic fluctuations on the photocount statistics of coherent light scattered in a random medium. A Poisson photocount distribution of the incident light widens and gains additional asymmetry upon transmission through a suspension of small dielectric spheres. The effect is only appreciable when the average number of photocounts becomes...

Université de Fribourg

Correlation between morphology, water uptake, and proton conductivity in radiation-grafted proton-exchange membranes

Balog, Sandor ; Gasser, Urs ; Mortensen, Kell ; Gubler, Lorenz ; Scherer, Guenther G. ; youcef, Hicham Ben

In: Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics, 2010, vol. 211, no. 6, p. 635-643

An SANS investigation of hydrated proton exchange membranes is presented. Our membranes were synthesized by radiation-induced grafting of ETFE with styrene in the presence of a crosslinker, followed by sulfonation of the styrene. The contrast variation method was used to understand the relationship between morphology, water uptake, and proton conductivity. The membranes are separated into two...

Université de Fribourg

Use of EpiAlveolar lung model to predict fibrotic potential of multiwalled carbon nanotubes

Barosova, Hana ; Maione, Anna G. ; Septiadi, Dedy ; Sharma, Monita ; Haeni, Laetitia ; Balog, Sandor ; O’Connell, Olivia ; Jackson, George R. ; Brown, David ; Clippinger, Amy J. ; Hayden, Patrick ; Petri-Fink, Alke ; Stone, Vicki ; Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara

In: ACS Nano, 2020, vol. 14, no. 4, p. 3941–3956

Expansion in production and commercial use of nanomaterials increases the potential human exposure during the lifecycle of these materials (production, use, and disposal). Inhalation is a primary route of exposure to nanomaterials; therefore it is critical to assess their potential respiratory hazard. Herein, we developed a three-dimensional alveolar model (EpiAlveolar) consisting of human...