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Université de Fribourg

Nicole Oresme à la Faculté des Arts de Paris: Les Questions sur les Météorologiques

Panzica, Aurora

In: Archives d’histoire doctrinale et littéraire du Moyen Âge, 2017, vol. 84, p. 7–89

"This paper deals with Nicole Oresme's Questions on Meteorology, one of the few unedited works of this philosopher. The first part concerns the manuscript tradition of this commentary, and particularly the discovery of an earlier redaction, which differs considerably from the currently known one. Subsequently, an attempt will be made to clarify the chronological position of these two...

Université de Fribourg

Commenter les Météorologiques à l'Université de Cracovie : De l'assimilation des modèles parisiens à la naissance d'une tradition polonaise

Panzica, Aurora

In: Recherches de Philosophie et Théologie Médiévales, 2020, vol. 87, no. 1, p. 103-192

This article offers a survey of the commentary tradition on Aristotle’s Meteorology at the Jagellonian University from its foundation to the first half of the fifteenth century. In the first part, I will focus on manuscripts containing copies of commentaries by Parisian masters which circulated at the Universities of Prague and Krakow, namely Oresme’s, Albert of Saxony’s, John...

Université de Fribourg

Air and Friction in the Celestial Region: Some Medieval Solutions to the Difficulties of the Aristotelian Theory Con-cerning the Production of Celestial Heat

Panzica, Aurora

In: Early Medieval and Modern Science, 2019, vol. 24, no. 4, p. 367-390

This paper explores the medieval debates raised by problems with the Aristotelian theory of the pro-duction and transmission of solar heat presented in De Caelo II, 7 and Meteorologica I, 3. In these passages, Aristotle states that celestial heat is generated by the friction set up in the air by the motion of celestial bodies. This statement is difficult to reconcile with the Aristotelian...

Université de Fribourg

Henricus Totting de Oyta's and Nicole Oresme's Commentaries on Meteorology: Some New Identifications in Central and Eastern Europe

Panzica, Aurora

In: Bulletin de philosophie médiévale, 2020, vol. 62, p. 195-211

This article draws attention to two newly identified manuscipts transmitting Henricus Totting de Oyta’s Expositio in Meteorologica: ms. Praha, Národní Knihovna Ceské Republiky VIII.E.6 (olim 1531) and ms. Kraków, Uniwersytet Jagielloński, Biblioteka Jagiellońska 674. Interestingly, in the Cracovian manuscript Henricus’ Expositio is combined with the second redaction of Nicole Oresme’s...

Université de Fribourg

Understanding A.I. — Can and Should we Empathize with Robots?

Schmetkamp, Susanne

In: Review of Philosophy and Psychology, 2020, vol. 11, p. 881–897

Expanding the debate about empathy with human beings, animals, or fictional characters to include human-robot relationships, this paper proposes two different perspectives from which to assess the scope and limits of empathy with robots: the first is epistemological, while the second is normative. The epistemological approach helps us to clarify whether we can empathize with artificial...

Université de Genève

La reconnaissance comme outil d'amélioration dans le travail en réseau pour se connaître, se respecter, collaborer

Fuentes, Elise ; Darbellay, Frédéric (Dir.)

Mémoire de master : Université de Genève, 2021.

Ce travail vise à appréhender la notion de reconnaissance comme outil d’amélioration du travail en réseau lorsqu’un enfant est placé en institution. Par une rencontre avec comme support les cartes DIXIT et des échanges en groupe sous la forme « Café Philo » ou « Philosophie pour les enfants », l’objectif est de donner un espace de parole à chacun des acteurs : l’enfant, les...

Université de Fribourg

Availability - analysis of an effective pro-social attitude and application to the medical field

Malbois, Elodie ; Soldati, Gianfranco (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Fribourg, 2020.

Short Abstract Sympathy is often considered to be a pro-attitude central to our social lives. I argue, however, that it is epistemically weak and thereby not effective on its own. We are in need of another attitude that combines the motivational aspect of sympathy with a more cognitive component that enables us to understand others. In this thesis, I argue that availability, a concept ...