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Université de Fribourg

Give the Standard Treatment of Fallacies a Chance! Cognitive and Rhetorical Insights into Fallacy Processing

Oswald, Steve ; Herman, Thierry

In: From Argument Schemes to Argumentative Relations in the Wild, 2019, p. 41-62

While we acknowledge the inadequacy of the standard treatment of fallacies (see Hamblin 1970, p. 12) when it comes to assessing the normative dimension of argumentation, we suggest that its definition of fallacious arguments sheds light on another issue of interest to argumentation scholars, namely rhetorical effectiveness. Specifically, we contend that this definition contains a fundamental...

Université de Fribourg

Pragmatique cognitive, argumentation et perlocution

Oswald, Steve

In: Argumentation et analyse du discours, 2020, p. 1-18

Cet article examine les liens qui existent entre la pragmatique (définie comme l’étude du sens en contexte) et l’étude de l’argumentation pour poser les bases d’une pragmatique de la perlocution. Traditionnellement dévolue à l’étude du sens illocutoire, dans la lignée de la théorie des actes de langage, la pragmatique a longtemps exclu l’acte perlocutoire de l’ensemble...

Université de Fribourg

The Linguistic Formulation of Fallacies Matters : The Case of Causal Connectives

Oswald, Steve ; Schumann, Jennifer ; Zufferey, Sandrine

In: Argumentation, 2020, p. 1-28

While the role of discourse connectives has long been acknowledged in argumentative frameworks, these approaches often take a coarse-grained approach to connectives, treating them as a unified group having similar effects on argumentation. Based on an empirical study of the straw man fallacy, we argue that a more finegrained approach is needed to explain the role of each connective and...

Accès public à partir du 11 juin 2022
Université de Fribourg

Everybody Knows that There Is Something Odd About Ad Populum Arguments

Herman, Thierry ; Oswald, Steve

In: The Language of Argumentation, 2021, p. 305-323

In the wake of research on linguistic resources of argumentation (Doury, 2018; van Eemeren Houtlosser, & Snoeck Henkemans, 2007), this chapter considers the argumentative nature and rhetorical potential of the expression “everyone/everybody knows P”, which is likely to be used to fulfil a justificatory purpose in appeals to majority in the form of ad populum arguments (Godden, 2008). In...

Université de Fribourg

Collinearity isn't a disease that needs curing

Vanhove, Jan

In: Meta-Psychology, 2021, vol. 5, p. 1-11

Once they have learnt about the effects of collinearity on the output of multiple regression models, researchers may unduly worry about these and resort to (sometimes dubious) modelling techniques to mitigate them. I argue that, to the extent that problems occur in the presence of collinearity, they are not caused by it but rather by common mental shortcuts that researchers take when...

Università della Svizzera italiana

The inferential configuration of arguments : the Argumentum Model of Topics

Greco, Sara ; Rigotti, Eddo

In: Inference in argumentation: a topics-based approach to argument schemes, 2019, vol. 34, p. 207-245

In this chapter, our proposal for the analysis of argument schemes as based on the tradition of topoi-loci called the Argumentum Model of Topics (AMT) is presented (first introduced in Rigotti and Greco 2006). We explain how the AMT represents the inferential configuration of arguments and discuss innovative aspects of the model in relation to other contemporary accounts. After having outlined...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Towards an integrated argumentative approach to multimodal critical discourse analysis : Evidence from the portrayal of refugees and immigrants in Greek newspapers

Serafis, Dimitris ; Greco, Sara ; Pollaroli, Chiara ; Jermini Martinez Soria, Chiara

In: Critical discourse studies, 2020, vol. 17, no. 5, p. 545-565

This paper proposes a methodological synthesis in order to study multimodal media discourse and argumentation in the context of the so-called ‘refugee crisis’ in Greece. It follows the framework of Multimodal Critical Discourse Analysis, integrating this with argumentation studies, with a particular emphasis on the analysis of inference. Our data come from the Greek newspapers Kathimerini...