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Université de Fribourg

Competitive employer positioning through career path analysis: the case of the Swiss nursing sector

Aeschbacher, Remo ; Addor, Véronique

In: Human Resources for Health, 2021, vol. 19, no. 47, p. 1-13

Background: The global shortage of nurses has caused strategic employer positioning and strengthened employer branding to become progressively relevant addressing the increased competition in the recruitment of nurses. This study provides competition- oriented strengths-and-weaknesses profiles for nurse attraction and attrition for the major types of healthcare institutions to advise on...

Université de Fribourg

Give the Standard Treatment of Fallacies a Chance! Cognitive and Rhetorical Insights into Fallacy Processing

Oswald, Steve ; Herman, Thierry

In: From Argument Schemes to Argumentative Relations in the Wild, 2019, p. 41-62

While we acknowledge the inadequacy of the standard treatment of fallacies (see Hamblin 1970, p. 12) when it comes to assessing the normative dimension of argumentation, we suggest that its definition of fallacious arguments sheds light on another issue of interest to argumentation scholars, namely rhetorical effectiveness. Specifically, we contend that this definition contains a fundamental...

Université de Fribourg

Pragmatique cognitive, argumentation et perlocution

Oswald, Steve

In: Argumentation et analyse du discours, 2020, p. 1-18

This paper discusses the links between pragmatics (defined as the study of meaning in context) and the study of argumentation in order to ground a pragmatic approach to perlocution. Traditionally devoted to the study of illocutionary meaning, in the vein of speech act theory, pragmatics has tended to exclude the perlocutionary act from the set of phenomena it set out to account for. Here I...

Université de Fribourg

The Linguistic Formulation of Fallacies Matters : The Case of Causal Connectives

Oswald, Steve ; Schumann, Jennifer ; Zufferey, Sandrine

In: Argumentation, 2020, p. 1-28

While the role of discourse connectives has long been acknowledged in argumentative frameworks, these approaches often take a coarse-grained approach to connectives, treating them as a unified group having similar effects on argumentation. Based on an empirical study of the straw man fallacy, we argue that a more finegrained approach is needed to explain the role of each connective and...

Public access from Jun 11, 2022
Université de Fribourg

Everybody Knows that There Is Something Odd About Ad Populum Arguments

Herman, Thierry ; Oswald, Steve

In: The Language of Argumentation, 2021, p. 305-323

In the wake of research on linguistic resources of argumentation (Doury, 2018; van Eemeren Houtlosser, & Snoeck Henkemans, 2007), this chapter considers the argumentative nature and rhetorical potential of the expression “everyone/everybody knows P”, which is likely to be used to fulfil a justificatory purpose in appeals to majority in the form of ad populum arguments (Godden, 2008). In...

Université de Fribourg

Do emotions and prior performance facilitate the use of the learner-generated drawing strategy? Effects of enjoyment, anxiety, and intramathematical performance on the use of the drawing strategy and modelling performance

Schukajlow, Stanislaw ; Blomberg, Judith ; Rellensmann, Johanna ; Leopold, Claudia

In: Contemporary Educational Psychology, 2021, vol. 65, no. 101967, p. 1-11

The use of self-generated drawings has been found to be a powerful strategy for problem solving. However, many students do not engage in drawing activities. In this study, we investigated the effects of the enjoyment of the drawing strategy, anxiety about the drawing strategy, and prior intramathematical performance on the use of the drawing strategy and modelling performance. We explored the...

Université de Fribourg

Nicole Oresme à la Faculté des Arts de Paris: Les Questions sur les Météorologiques

Panzica, Aurora

In: Archives d’histoire doctrinale et littéraire du Moyen Âge, 2017, vol. 84, p. 7–89

"This paper deals with Nicole Oresme's Questions on Meteorology, one of the few unedited works of this philosopher. The first part concerns the manuscript tradition of this commentary, and particularly the discovery of an earlier redaction, which differs considerably from the currently known one. Subsequently, an attempt will be made to clarify the chronological position of these two...

Université de Fribourg

Quelles priorités dans l’accompagnement des personnes polyhandicapées adultes ? : Analyse du contenu des projets personnalisés

Petitpierre, Geneviève ; Gyger, Jacqueline

In: Revue suisse de pédagogie spécialisée, 2013, no. 3, p. 6-14

Désireuses d’en savoir plus sur les priorités d’accompagnement des adolescents et adultes polyhandicapés, nous avons analysé le contenu de leurs projets individualisés (PI) 1. On note une sous-représentation de certaines sphères et un risque de rétrécissement de perspective à l’âge adulte. Plusieurs pistes d’ interprétation sont envisagées et des prolongements sont en cours...