Université de Fribourg

Unveiling the Semimetallic Nature of 1$T$-TiSe$_2$ by Doping its Charge Density Wave

Jaouen, Thomas ; Rumo, Maxime ; Hildebrand, Baptiste ; Mottas, Marie-Laure ; Nicholson, Christopher W. ; Kremer, Geoffroy ; Salzmann, Björn ; Vanini, Fabiano ; Barreteau, C. ; Giannini, E. ; Beck, Hans-Peter ; Aebi, Philipp ; Monney, Claude

The semimetallic or semiconducting nature of the transition metal dichalcogenide 1$T$-TiSe$_2$ remains under debate after many decades mainly due to the fluctuating nature of its 2 x 2 x 2 charge-density-wave (CDW) phase at room- temperature. In this letter, using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, we unambiguously demonstrate that the 1$T$-TiSe$_2$ normal state is semimetallic with ...

Université de Fribourg

Carbon‐assisted stable silver nanostructures

Abdollahi, S. Narjes ; Ochoa Martínez, Efraín ; Kilchoer, Cédric ; Kremer, Geoffroy ; Jaouen, Thomas ; Aebi, Philipp ; Hellmann, Tim ; Mayer, Thomas ; Gu, Yibei ; Wiesner, Ulrich B. ; Steiner, Ullrich ; Wilts, Bodo D. ; Gunkel, Ilja

In: Advanced Materials Interfaces, 2020, vol. 7, no. 23, p. 2001227

Nanostructured silver stands out among other plasmonic materials because its optical losses are the lowest of all metals. However, nanostructured silver rapidly degrades under ambient conditions, preventing its direct use in most plasmonic applications. Here, a facile and robust method for the preparation of highly stable nanostructured silver morphologies is introduced. 3D nanostructured...

Université de Fribourg

Phase separation in the vicinity of Fermi surface hot spots

Jaouen, Thomas ; Hildebrand, Baptiste ; Mottas, Marie-Laure ; Giovannantonio, M. Di ; Ruffieux, Pascal ; Rumo, Maxime ; Nicholson, Christopher W. ; Razzoli, E. ; Barreteau, C. ; Ubaldini, A. ; Giannini, E. ; Vanini, Fabiano ; Beck, Hans ; Monney, Claude ; Aebi, Philipp

In: Physical Review B, 2019, vol. 100, no. 7, p. 075152

Spatially inhomogeneous electronic states are expected to be key ingredients for the emergence of superconducting phases in quantum materials hosting charge-density waves (CDWs). Prototypical materials are transitionmetal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) and among them, 1T-TiSe2 exhibiting intertwined CDW and superconducting states under Cu intercalation, pressure, or electrical gating. Although it...

Université de Fribourg

Local real-space view of the achiral $1T\text{\ensuremath{-}}{\mathrm{TiSe}}_{2}$ $2\times2\times2$ charge density wave

Hildebrand, Baptiste ; Jaouen, Thomas ; Mottas, Marie-Laure ; Monney, Gaël ; Barreteau, C. ; Giannini, E. ; Bowler, D. R. ; Aebi, Philipp

In: Physical Review Letters, 2018, vol. 120, no. 13, p. 136404

The transition metal dichalcogenide 1T−TiSe2-two-dimensional layered material undergoing a commensurate 2×2×2 charge density wave (CDW) transition with a weak periodic lattice distortion (PLD) below ≈200 K. Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) combined with intentionally introduced interstitial Ti atoms allows us to go beyond the usual spatial resolution of STM and to intimately probe...

Université de Fribourg

Robustness of the charge-ordered phases in ${\mathrm{IrTe}}_{2}$ against photoexcitation

Monney, Claude ; Schuler, A. ; Jaouen, T. ; Mottas, Marie-Laure ; Wolf, Thomas ; Merz, M. ; Muntwiler, Matthias ; Castiglioni, L. ; Aebi, Philipp ; Weber, F. ; Hengsberger, M.

In: Physical Review B, 2018, vol. 97, no. 7, p. 075110

We present a time-resolved angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy study of IrTe2, which undergoes two first-order structural and charge-ordered phase transitions on cooling below 270 K and below 180 K. The possibility of inducing a phase transition by photoexcitation with near-infrared femtosecond pulses is investigated in the charge-ordered phases. We observe changes of the spectral...

Université de Fribourg

A Ga-doped SnO2 mesoporous contact for UV stable highly efficient perovskite solar cells

Roose, Bart ; Johansen, Christian M. ; Dupraz, Kevin ; Jaouen, Thomas ; Aebi, Philipp ; Steiner, Ullrich ; Abate, Antonio

In: Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2018, vol. 6, no. 4, p. 1850–1857

Increasing the stability of perovskite solar cells is a major challenge for commercialization. The highest efficiencies so far have been achieved in perovskite solar cells employing mesoporous TiO2 (m-TiO2). One of the major causes of performance loss in these m-TiO2-based perovskite solar cells is induced by UV- radiation. This UV instability can be solved by replacing TiO2 with SnO2; thus ...

Université de Fribourg

Local resilience of the $1T\text{\ensuremath{-}}{\mathrm{TiSe}}_{2}$ charge density wave to Ti self-doping

Hildebrand, Baptiste ; Jaouen, Thomas ; Didiot, Clément ; Razzoli, Elia ; Monney, Gaël ; Mottas, Marie-Laure ; Vanini, Fabiano ; Barreteau, C. ; Ubaldini, A. ; Giannini, E. ; Berger, Helmuth ; Bowler, D. R. ; Aebi, Philipp

In: Physical Review B, 2017, vol. 95, no. 8, p. 081104

In Ti-intercalated self-doped 1T−TiSe2 crystals, the charge density wave (CDW) superstructure induces two nonequivalent sites for Ti dopants. Recently, it has been shown that increasing Ti doping dramatically influences the CDW by breaking it into phase-shifted domains. Here, we report scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy experiments that reveal a dopant-site dependence of the CDW...

Université de Fribourg

Band bending in Mg-colored and O₂-activated ultrathin MgO(001) films

Jaouen, Thomas ; Hildebrand, Baptiste ; Aebi, Philipp ; Delhaye, G. ; Tricot, S. ; Lépine, B. ; Jézéquel, G. ; Schieffer, P.

In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2017, vol. 121, no. 8, p. 4363–4367

Ultrathin MgO films grown on Ag(001) have been investigated using X-ray and ultraviolet photoemission spectroscopies for oxide films successively exposed to Mg and O₂ flux. Studying work functions and layer-resolved Auger shifts allows us to keep track of band profiles from the oxide surface to the interface and reveal the charge- transfer mechanisms underlying the controlled creation of...

Université de Fribourg

Selective probing of hidden spin-polarized states in inversion-symmetric bulk ${\mathrm{MoS}}_{2}$

Razzoli, Elia ; Jaouen, Thomas ; Mottas, Marie-Laure ; Hildebrand, Baptiste ; Monney, Gaël ; Pisoni, A. ; Muff, S. ; Fanciulli, M. ; Plumb, N. C. ; Rogalev, V. A. ; Strocov, V. N. ; Mesot, Joël ; Shi, Ming ; Dil, J. H. ; Beck, Hans ; Aebi, Philipp

In: Physical Review Letters, 2017, vol. 118, no. 8, p. 086402

Spin- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy is used to reveal that a large spin polarization is observable in the bulk centrosymmetric transition metal dichalcogenide MoS2. It is found that the measured spin polarization can be reversed by changing the handedness of incident circularly polarized light. Calculations based on a three-step model of photoemission show that the valley and...