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Université de Fribourg

Familiale Solidarität und gesellschaftliche Reproduktion

Schultheis, Franz

In: sozialpolitik.ch, 2021, vol. 1, no. 1, p. Forum 1.2

Die Familie gilt gemeinhin als eine geradezu archetypische Verkörperung von Solidargemeinschaft. Hierbei sollte jedoch nicht in Vergessenheit geraten, dass die Familie nicht nur ein «Hafen in einer herzlosen Welt» ist, sondern zugleich die Rolle einer zentralen Akteurin der gesellschaftlichen Reproduktion von ungleichen Lebenschancen und gesellschaftlichen Hierarchien spielt. Dieses...

Université de Fribourg

Frühkindliche Bildung und Erziehung zur Solidarität: eine Black Box

Stamm, Margrit

In: sozialpolitik.ch, 2021, vol. 1, no. 1, p. Forum 1.1

In die frühkindliche Bildung werden grosse Hoffnungen gesetzt, sie vermöge einen entscheidenden Beitrag zur Startchancengleichheit aller Kinder zu leisten. Implizit geht man davon aus, dass dabei Partizipation eine bedeutsame Rolle spielt und daraus solidarisches Handeln erwächst. Obwohl die Corona-Krise die Metapher der praktizierten Solidarität geschaffen hat, gilt es abzuwarten, ob die...

Université de Fribourg

Social life as collective struggle : closure theory and the problem of solidarity

Mackert, Jürgen

In: sozialpolitik.ch, 2021, vol. 1, no. 1, p. Article 1.5

In recent years, all over the globe we have seen intensifying economic exploitation, political disenfranchisement, social marginalization and cultural repression in all kinds of political regimes, from liberal democratic to authoritarian and dictatorial. Although the strategies vary with regard to regime and context, in all of them we observe that while a growing number of social groups are...

Université de Fribourg

Discontinuities within continuities : Solidarity, (Im-)Mobility and Migration between Refugee Crisis and COVID-19 Crisis

Odermatt, Eveline

In: sozialpolitik.ch, 2021, vol. 1, no. 1, p. Article 1.4

Since the peak of the so-called refugee crisis in 2015, much has been written on the topic of solidarity towards migrants. However, the perspective of migrants on the issue of solidarity and their practices of solidarity has been addressed less. This article aims to outline solidarity in the context of migration in more detail. Firstly, I will outline how solidarity played out towards migrants...

Université de Fribourg

Similarities between European and national solidarity : An empirical thought experiment applied to 13 European countries

Ignácz, Zsófia S.

In: sozialpolitik.ch, 2021, vol. 1, no. 1, p. Article 1.3

This paper examines similarities between attitudes towards European redistribution and attitudes towards national redistribution. It maps out possible reasons for expected similarities between the two spatial levels in the degree redistribution is supported and also the underlying mechanisms that foster support rates. To examine the underlying mechanisms, the paper employs a structural...

Université de Fribourg

The experience of solidarity in Poland under communist rule and thereafter

Solska, Magdalena

In: sozialpolitik.ch, 2021, vol. 1, no. 1, p. Article 1.2

Although Solidarność was the largest mass movement in the history of after- war Europe, the experience of solidarity during that time in communist Poland has barely been analysed. Drawing on historical accounts of the events in the 1980s and press interviews with Solidarność members, this paper attempts to bridge this gap and identifies key aspects of the experienced solidarity. It...

Université de Fribourg

Das House Kapital

Grossmann, Volker ; Larin, Benjamin ; Steger, Thomas

(Working Papers SES ; 523)

The housing wealth-to-income ratio has been increasing in most developed economies since the 1950s. We provide a novel theory to explain this long-term pattern. We show analytically that house prices grow in the steady state if i) the housing sector is more land-intensive than the non-housing sector, or ii) technological progress in the construction sector is weaker than in the non-housing...

Université de Fribourg

Neuralink and Beyond: Challenges of Creating an Enhanced Human

Gurtner, Dimitri

(Internal working papers DIUF ; 21-01)

This article is a literature review of Neuralink, brain-machine interfaces (BMIs) and their applications, followed by future possibilities of BMIs and their potential impacts. Currently, BMIs predominantly have therapeutic applications, such as helping people with spinal cord injury by allowing them to control a computer directly with their brain. However, BMIs can also improve learning,...

Université de Fribourg

Prevenire le radicalizzazioni. Collaborazione tra Stato e organizzazioni musulmane = Radikalisierungen vorbeugen : Zusammenarbeit zwischen Staat und muslimischen Organisationen

Schmid, Hansjörg ; Schneuwly Purdie, Mallory ; Lang, Andrea

(CSIS-Papers ; 2)

La radicalizzazione legata all'islam è una delle principali fonti di preoccupazione sia per le autorità che per i membri della società civile, musulmani e non. Come sottolinea la Rete integrata Svizzera per la sicurezza, le misure di prevenzione non possono essere ridotte a disposizioni giudiziarie o penali, ma devono includere il lavoro di altri tipi di attori, come ad esempio le associazioni...