Digestibility of resistant starch containing preparations using two in vitro models

Fässler, Caroline ; Arrigoni, Eva ; Venema, Koen ; Hafner, Valeria ; Brouns, Fred ; Amadò, Renato

In: European Journal of Nutrition, 2006, vol. 45, no. 8, p. 445-453

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    Summary
    Background: Resistant starch (RS) is known for potential health benefits in the human colon. To investigate these positive effects it is important to be able to predict the amount, and the structure of starch reaching the large intestine. Aim of the study: The aim of this study was to compare two different in vitro models simulating the digestibility of two RS containing preparations. Methods: The substrates, high amylose maize (HAM) containing RS type 2, and retrograded long chain tapioca maltodextrins (RTmd) containing RS type 3 were in vitro digested using a batch and a dynamic model, respectively. Both preparations were characterized before and after digestion by using X-Ray and DSC, and by measuring their total starch, RS and protein contents. Results: Using both digestion models, 60-61g/100g of RTmd turned out to be indigestible, which is very well in accordance with 59g/100g found in vivo after feeding RTmd to ileostomy patients. In contrast, dynamic and batch in vitro digestion experiments using HAM as a substrate led to 58g/100g and 66g/100g RS recovery. The degradability of HAM is more affected by differences in experimental parameters compared to RTmd. The main variations between the two in vitro digestion methods are the enzyme preparations used, incubation times and mechanical stress exerted on the substrate. However, for both preparations dynamically digested fractions led to lower amounts of analytically RS and a lower crystallinity. Conclusions: The two in vitro digestion methods used attacked the starch molecules differently, which influenced starch digestibility of HAM but not of RTmd