Faculté des sciences et de médecine

Healable Supramolecular Polymer Solids

Montero de Espinosa, Lucas ; Fiore, Gina L. ; Weder, Christoph ; Foster, E. Johan ; Simon, Yoan C.

In: Progress in Polymer Science, 2015, vol. 49-50, p. 60-78

The reversible nature of non-covalent interactions between constituting building blocks permits one to temporarily disassemble supramolecular polymers through the application of an appropriate external stimulus “on command”. This framework has recently emerged as a general design strategy for the development of healable polymer systems. The approach exploits that the temporary disassembly... Mehr

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    Summary
    The reversible nature of non-covalent interactions between constituting building blocks permits one to temporarily disassemble supramolecular polymers through the application of an appropriate external stimulus “on command”. This framework has recently emerged as a general design strategy for the development of healable polymer systems. The approach exploits that the temporary disassembly decreases the molecular weight and in the case of cross-linked polymers the cross-link density, and thereby causes an increase of the chain mobility and a reduction of the viscosity of the material. The transformation thus enables the disassembled material to flow and fill defects, before the original supramolecular polymer is re-assembled. Focusing on recent progress in the area of healable supramolecular polymer solids based on hydrogen-bonding, metal-ligand and π–π interactions, as well as supramolecular nanocomposites, this review article summarizes the development and current state of the field.