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Université de Fribourg

The freezing level in the tropical Andes, Peru: An indicator for present and future glacier extents: the freezing level in the tropical Andes

Schauwecker, Simone ; Rohrer, Mario ; Huggel, Christian ; Endries, Jason ; Montoya, Nilton ; Neukom, Raphael ; Perry, Baker ; Salzmann, Nadine ; Schwarb, Manfred ; Suarez, Wilson

In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 2017, vol. 122, no. 10, p. 5172–5189

Along with air temperatures, the freezing level height (FLH) has risen over the last decades. The mass balance of tropical glaciers in Peru is highly sensitive to a rise in the FLH, mainly due to a decrease in accumulation and increase of energy for ablation caused by reduced albedo. Knowledge of future changes in the FLH is thus crucial to estimating changes in glacier extents. Since in situ...

Université de Fribourg

Climatic suitability ranking of biological control candidates: a biogeographic approach for ragweed management in Europe

Sun, Yan ; Brönnimann, Olivier ; Roderick, George K. ; Poltavsky, Alexander ; Lommen, Suzanne T. E. ; Müller-Schärer, Heinz

In: Ecosphere, 2017, vol. 8, no. 4, p. -

Biological control using natural antagonists has been a most successful management tool against alien invasive plants that threaten biodiversity. The selection of candidate agents remains a critical step in a biocontrol program before more elaborate and time- consuming experiments are conducted. Here, we propose a biogeographic approach to identify candidates and combinations of candidates to...

Haute Ecole de Gestion & Tourisme

Elaboration of a catalogue of measures to decrease touristic climate impact : Developed for the Switzerland Travel Centre UK

Bruchez, Julia ; Baumgartner, Christian (Dir.)

Mémoire de bachelor : Haute Ecole de Gestion & Tourisme, 2016.

This study analyses how a tour operator can decrease the touristic climate impact by an elaborated catalogue of measures, whereby each measure is analysed by means of different criteria as to their effectiveness and market acceptance. The measures serve as a basis for recommendations to the Switzerland Travel Centre in London, UK. An approach of literature research and qualitative research,...

Université de Fribourg

Montanaqua: tackling water stress in the alps: water management options in the crans-montana-sierre region (valais)

Schneider, Flurina ; Bonriposi, Mariano ; Graefe, Olivier ; Herweg, Karl ; Homewood, Christine ; Huss, Matthias ; Kauzlaric, Martina ; Liniger, Hanspeter ; Rey, Emmanuel ; Reynard, Emmanuel ; Rist, Stephan ; Schädler, Bruno ; Weingartner, Rolf

In: GAIA - Ecological Perspectives for Science and Society, 2016, vol. 25, no. 3, p. 191–193

Transdisciplinary research is considered an appropriate mode of knowledge production in the search for pathways towards a more sustainable governance of natural resources. However, the co-production of new knowledge between scientists of different disciplines and nonacademic stakeholders is a challenge that requires novel research designs, methods, and approaches. The MontanAqua team has ...

Université de Fribourg

Robust climate scenarios for sites with sparse observations: a two-step bias correction approach

Rajczak, Jan ; Kotlarski, Sven ; Salzmann, Nadine ; Schär, Christoph

In: International Journal of Climatology, 2016, vol. 36, no. 3, p. 1226–1243

Observed and projected climatic changes demand for robust assessments of climate impacts on various environmental and anthropogenic systems. Empirical-statistical downscaling (ESD) methods coupled to output from climate model projections are promising tools to assess impacts at regional to local scale. ESD methods correct for common model deficiencies in accuracy (e.g. model biases) and scale...

Université de Fribourg

Biological Flora of the British Isles: Ambrosia artemisiifolia

Essl, Franz ; Biró, Krisztina ; Brandes, Dietmar ; Broennimann, Olivier ; Bullock, James M. ; Chapman, Daniel S. ; Chauvel, Bruno ; Dullinger, Stefan ; Fumanal, Boris ; Guisan, Antoine ; Karrer, Gerhard ; Kazinczi, Gabriella ; Kueffer, Christoph ; Laitung, Beryl ; Lavoie, Claude ; Leitner, Michael ; Mang, Thomas ; Moser, Dietmar ; Müller-Schärer, Heinz ; Petitpierre, Blaise ; Richter, Robert ; Schaffner, Urs ; Smith, Matt ; Starfinger, Uwe ; Vautard, Robert ; Vogl, Gero ; Lippe, Moritz von der ; Follak, Swen

In: Journal of Ecology, 2015, vol. 103, no. 4, p. 1069–1098

This account presents information on all aspects of the biology of Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. (Common ragweed) that are relevant to understanding its ecology. The main topics are presented within the standard framework of the Biological Flora of the British Isles: distribution, habitat, communities, responses to biotic factors, responses to environment, structure and physiology, phenology, floral...