Université de Fribourg

Troubling travellers: are ecologically harmful alien species associated with particular introduction pathways?

Pergl, Jan ; Pyšek, Petr ; Bacher, Sven ; Essl, Franz ; Genovesi, Piero ; Harrower, Colin A. ; Hulme, Philip E. ; Jeschke, Jonathan M. ; Kenis, Marc ; Kühn, Ingolf ; Perglová, Irena ; Rabitsch, Wolfgang ; Roques, Alain ; Roy, David B. ; Roy, Helen E. ; Vilà, Montserrat ; Winter, Marten ; Nentwig, Wolfgang

In: NeoBiota, 2017, vol. 32, p. 1–20

Prioritization of introduction pathways is seen as an important component of the management of biological invasions. We address whether established alien plants, mammals, freshwater fish and terrestrial invertebrates with known ecological impacts are associated with particular introduction pathways (release, escape, contaminant, stowaway, corridor and unaided). We used the information from...

Université de Fribourg

Crossing Frontiers in Tackling Pathways of Biological Invasions

Essl, Franz ; Bacher, Sven ; Blackburn, Tim M. ; Booy, Olaf ; Brundu, Giuseppe ; Brunel, Sarah ; Cardoso, Ana-Cristina ; Eschen, René ; Gallardo, Belinda ; Galil, Bella ; García-Berthou, Emili ; Genovesi, Piero ; Groom, Quentin ; Harrower, Colin ; Hulme, Philip E. ; Katsanevakis, Stelios ; Kenis, Marc ; Kühn, Ingolf ; Kumschick, Sabrina ; Martinou, Angeliki F. ; Nentwig, Wolfgang ; O'Flynn, Colette ; Pagad, Shyama ; Pergl, Jan ; Pyšek, Petr ; Rabitsch, Wolfgang ; Richardson, David M. ; Roques, Alain ; Roy, Helen E. ; Scalera, Riccardo ; Schindler, Stefan ; Seebens, Hanno ; Vanderhoeven, Sonia ; Vilà, Montserrat ; Wilson, John R. U.

In: BioScience, 2015, vol. 65, no. 8, p. 769–782

Substantial progress has been made in understanding how pathways underlie and mediate biological invasions. However, key features of their role in invasions remain poorly understood, available knowledge is widely scattered, and major frontiers in research and management are insufficiently characterized. We review the state of the art, highlight recent advances, identify pitfalls and constraints,...

Université de Fribourg

When are eradication campaigns successful? A test of common assumptions

Pluess, Therese ; Cannon, Ray ; Jarošík, Vojtěch ; Pergl, Jan ; Pyšek, Petr ; Bacher, Sven

In: Biological Invasions, 2012, p. -

Eradication aims at eliminating populations of alien organisms from an area. Since not all eradications are successful, several factors have been proposed in the literature (mainly by referring to case studies) to be crucial for eradication success, such as infestation size or reaction time. To our knowledge, however, no study has statistically evaluated which factors affect eradication success...

Université de Fribourg

Plant extinctions and introductions lead to phylogenetic and taxonomic homogenization of the European flora

Winter, Marten ; Schweiger, Oliver ; Klotz, Stefan ; Nentwig, Wolfgang ; Andriopoulos, Pavlos ; Arianoutsou, Margarita ; Basnou, Corina ; Delipetrou, Pinelopi ; Didžiulis, Viktoras ; Hejda, Martin ; Hulme, Philip E. ; Lambdon, Philip W. ; Pergl, Jan ; Pyšek, Petr ; Roy, David B. ; Kühn, Ingolf

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2009, vol. 106, no. 51, p. 21721-21725

Human activities have altered the composition of biotas through two fundamental processes: native extinctions and alien introductions. Both processes affect the taxonomic (i.e., species identity) and phylogenetic (i.e., species evolutionary history) structure of species assemblages. However, it is not known what the relative magnitude of these effects is at large spatial scales. Here we analyze...