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Université de Fribourg

Enhancing Arabidopsis salt and drought stress tolerance by chemical priming for its abscisic acid responses

Jakab, Gabor ; Ton, Jurriaan ; Flors, Victor ; Zimmerli, Laurent ; Métraux, Jean-Pierre ; Mauch-Mani, Brigitte

In: Plant Physiology, 2005, vol. 139, p. 267

Drought and salt stress tolerance of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) plants increased following treatment with the nonprotein amino acid β-aminobutyric acid (BABA), known as an inducer of resistance against infection of plants by numerous pathogens. BABA-pretreated plants showed earlier and higher expression of the salicylic acid-dependent PR-1 and PR-5 and the...

Université de Fribourg

Aldosterone-induced serum and glucocorticoid-induced kinase 1 expression is accompanied by Nedd4-2 phosphorylation and increased Na+ transport in cortical collecting duct cells

Flores, Sandra Y. ; Loffing-Cueni, Dominique ; Kamynina, Elena ; Daidié, Dorothée ; Gerbex, Carole ; Chabanel, Sting ; Dudler, Jean ; Loffing, Johannes ; Staub, Olivier

In: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, 2005, vol. 16, p. 2279

Aldosterone plays a central role in Na⁺ homeostasis by controlling Na⁺ reabsorption in the aldosterone-sensitive distal nephron involving the epithelial Na⁺ channel (ENaC). Part of the effects of aldosterone is mediated by serum and glucocorticoid-induced kinase 1 (Sgk1), a Ser/Thr kinase whose expression is rapidly induced by aldosterone and that increases in heterologous expression...

Université de Fribourg

Analysis of pathogen-induced glutathione S-transferases in Arabidopsis thaliana and a gene related to systemic acquired resistance in cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.)

Lieberherr, Damien ; Métraux, Jean-Pierre (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Fribourg, 2001 ; no 1338.

Dans leur environnement naturel, les plantes sont exposées en permanence à une grande variété de microorganismes dont certains sont pathogènes. Ainsi, les plantes ont développé au cours de l’évolution des mécanismes de défense multiples et complexes, qui leur permettent de résister à la plupart des microbes pathogènes. La résistance peut s’exprimer localement au site...

Université de Fribourg

The opioid fentanyl affects light input, electrical activity and Per gene expression in the hamster suprachiasmatic nuclei

Vansteensel, Mariska J. ; Magnone, Maria Chiara ; Oosterhout, Floor van ; Baeriswyl, Stéphanie ; Albrecht, Urs ; Albus, Henk ; Dahan, Albert ; Meijer, Johanna H.

In: European Journal of Neuroscience, 2005, vol. 21(11), p. 2958

The suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) contain a major circadian pacemaker, which is regulated by photic and nonphotic stimuli. Although enkephalins are present in the SCN, their role in phase regulation of the pacemaker is largely unknown. The opioid agonist fentanyl, a homologue of morphine, is an addictive drug that induces phase shifts of circadian rhythms in hamsters. We observed that these phase...

Université de Fribourg

Hatching with the enemy: Daphnia diapausing eggs hatch in the presence of fish kairomones

Lass, Sandra ; Vos, Matthijs ; Wolinska, Justyna ; Spaak, Piet

In: Chemoecology, 2005, vol. 15(1), p. 7

Infochemicals are known to play a key role in mediating predator-prey interactions, both in aquatic and terrestrial communities. However, state-dependent variation may exist in how effectively individuals can use this information, depending on genotype, life stage and experience. For our study, we used the predator-prey model system fish-waterflea Daphnia magna Straus (Cladocera,...

Université de Lausanne

Combined transcriptomic and proteomic studies reveal non-canonical signaling functions in the jasmonate pathway

Liechti, Robin ; Farmer, Edward (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Lausanne, 2005.

Les signaux dérivés d’acides gras sont des médiateurs de réponses aux stress et de la défense des eucaryotes multicellulaires. Parmi eux, les jasmonates sont de puissants composés de signalisation chez les plantes. L’acide jasmonique (JA) et l’acide 12-oxophytodienoïc (OPDA) sont les deux membres les mieux caractérisés de la grande famille des jasmonates. Cette thèse étudie plus...

Université de Neuchâtel

Evaluation of a yeast system for studying the function of plant vacuolar sorting receptors (VSRs)

Hodel Hernandez, Doramys ; Neuhaus, Jean-Marc (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2005 ; 1800.

The yeast S.cerevisiae is not an efficient tool for in vivo studies of plant vacuolar sorting receptors Plant and yeast vacuoles, the equivalents of mammalian lysosomes, are acidic compartments involved in hydrolytic functions. They are also essential for metabolite storage and for maintaining cytosolic ion and pH homeostasis (Klionsky and Emr, 1990; Wink, 1993). The vacuoles mainly receive...

EPFL

Calcium dynamics and intercellular communication in arterial smooth muscle cells

Lamboley, Mathieu ; Meister, Jean-Jacques (Dir.)

Thèse sciences Ecole polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne EPFL : 2004 ; no 3161.

EPFL

Alternative redox systems for the dye-sensitized solar cell

Nusbaumer, Hervé ; Grätzel, Michael (Dir.)

Thèse sciences Ecole polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne EPFL : 2004 ; no 2955.

Université de Fribourg

Dissecting the ß-aminobutyric acid–induced priming phenomenon in Arabidopsis

Ton, Jurriaan ; Jakab, Gabor ; Toquin, Valérie ; Flors, Victor ; Iavicoli, Annalisa ; Maeder, Muriel N. ; Métraux, Jean-Pierre ; Mauch-Mani, Brigitte

In: The Plant Cell, 2005, vol. 17, p. 987-999

Plants treated with the nonprotein amino acid ß-aminobutyric acid (BABA) develop an enhanced capacity to resist biotic and abiotic stresses. This BABA-induced resistance (BABA-IR) is associated with an augmented capacity to express basal defense responses, a phenomenon known as priming. Based on the observation that high amounts of BABA induce sterility in Arabidopsis thaliana, a mutagenesis...