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Université de Fribourg

Practice-induced functional plasticity in inhibitory control interacts with aging

Hartmann, Lea ; Wachtl, Laura ; Lucia, Marzia de ; Spierer, Lucas

In: Brain and Cognition, 2019, vol. 132, p. 22–32

Inhibitory control deficits represent a key aspect of the cognitive declines associated with aging. Practicing inhibitory control has thus been advanced as a potential approach to compensate for age-induced neurocognitive impairments. Yet, the functional brain changes associated with practicing inhibitory control tasks in older adults and whether they differ from those observed in young...

Université de Fribourg

Corticotectal projections from the premotor or primary motor cortex after cortical lesion or parkinsonian symptoms in adult macaque monkeys: a pilot tracing study

Fregosi, Michela ; Contestabile, Alessandro ; Badoud, Simon ; Borgognon, Simon ; Cottet, Jérôme ; Brunet, Jean-François ; Bloch, Jocelyne ; Schwab, Martin E. ; Rouiller, Eric M.

In: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy, 2019, vol. 13, p. -

The corticotectal projections, together with the corticobulbar (corticoreticular) projections, work in parallel with the corticospinal tract (CST) to influence motoneurons in the spinal cord both directly and indirectly via the brainstem descending pathways. The tectospinal tract (TST) originates in the deep layers of the superior colliculus. In the present study, we analyzed the...

Université de Fribourg

Asymmetric and distant effects of a unilateral lesion of the primary motor cortex on the bilateral supplementary motor areas in adult macaque monkeys

Contestabile, Alessandro. ; Colangiulo, R. ; Lucchini, Matteo ; Gindrat, Anne-Dominique ; Hamadjida, Adjia ; Kaeser, Mélanie ; Savidan, Julie ; Wyss, A. F. ; Rouiller, Eric M. ; Schmidlin, Eric

In: Journal of Neuroscience, 2018, vol. 38, no. 50, p. 10644–10656

A restricted lesion of the hand area in the primary motor cortex (M1) leads to a deficit of contralesional manual dexterity, followed by an incomplete functional recovery, accompanied by plastic changes in M1 itself and in other cortical areas on both hemispheres. Using the marker SMI-32 specific to pyramidal neurons in cortical layers III and V, we investigated the impact of a focal...