Université de Fribourg

Evolution of longevity improves immunity in Drosophila

Fabian, Daniel K. ; Garschall, Kathrin ; Klepsatel, Peter ; Santos-Matos, Gonçalo ; Sucena, Élio ; Kapun, Martin ; Lemaitre, Bruno ; Schlötterer, Christian ; Arking, Robert ; Flatt, Thomas

In: Evolution Letters, 2018, vol. 2, no. 6, p. 567–579

Much has been learned about the genetics of aging from studies in model organisms, but still little is known about naturally occurring alleles that contribute to variation in longevity. For example, analysis of mutants and transgenes has identified insulin signaling as a major regulator of longevity, yet whether standing variation in this pathway underlies microevolutionary changes in...

Université de Fribourg

Structure and development of the subesophageal zone of the Drosophila brain. II. Sensory compartments

Kendroud, Sarah ; Bohra, Ali A. ; Kuert, Philipp A. ; Nguyen, Bao ; Guillermin, Oriane ; Sprecher, Simon G. ; Reichert, Heinrich ; VijayRaghavan, Krishnaswamy ; Hartenstein, Volker

In: Journal of Comparative Neurology, 2018, vol. 526, no. 1, p. 33–58

The subesophageal zone (SEZ) of the Drosophila brain processes mechanosensory and gustatory sensory input from sensilla located on the head, mouth cavity and trunk. Motor output from the SEZ directly controls the movements involved in feeding behavior. In an accompanying paper (Hartenstein et al., 2017), we analyzed the systems of fiber tracts and secondary lineages to establish reliable...

Université de Fribourg

Diversity, variability, and suboesophageal connectivity of antennal lobe neurons in D. melanogaster larvae

Thum, Andreas S. ; Leisibach, Basil ; Gendre, Nanaë ; Selcho, Mareike ; Stocker, Reinhard F.

In: The Journal of Comparative Neurology, 2011, vol. 59, no. 17, p. 3415–3432

Whereas the “vertical” elements of the insect olfactory pathway, the olfactory receptor neurons and the projection neurons, have been studied in great detail, local interneurons providing “horizontal” connections in the antennal lobe were ignored for a long time. Recent studies in adult Drosophila demonstrate diverse roles for these neurons in the integration of odor information,...