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Université de Fribourg

An automated confocal micro-extensometer enables in vivo quantification of mechanical properties with cellular resolution

Robinson, Sarah ; Huflejt, Michal ; Barbier de Reuille, Pierre ; Braybrook, Siobhan A. ; Schorderet, Martine ; Reinhardt, Didier ; Kuhlemeier, Cris

In: The Plant Cell, 2017, vol. 29, no. 12, p. 2959–2973

How complex developmental-genetic networks are translated into organs with specific 3D shapes remains an open question. This question is particularly challenging because the elaboration of specific shapes is in essence a question of mechanics. In plants, this means how the genetic circuitry affects the cell wall. The mechanical properties of the wall and their spatial variation are the key...

Université de Fribourg

Phyllotaxis involves auxin drainage through leaf primordia

Deb, Yamini ; Marti, Dominik ; Frenz, Martin ; Kuhlemeier, Cris ; Reinhardt, Didier

In: Development, 2015, vol. 142, no. 11, p. 1992–2001

The spatial arrangement of leaves and flowers around the stem, known as phyllotaxis, is controlled by an auxin-dependent reiterative mechanism that leads to regular spacing of the organs and thereby to remarkably precise phyllotactic patterns. The mechanism is based on the active cellular transport of the phytohormone auxin by cellular influx and efflux carriers, such as AUX1 and PIN1. Their...

Université de Fribourg

Elastic domains regulate growth and organogenesis in the plant shoot apical meristem

Kierzkowski, Daniel ; Nakayama, Naomi ; Routier-Kierzkowska, Anne-Lise ; Weber, Alain ; Bayer, Emmanuelle ; Schorderet, Martine ; Reinhardt, Didier ; Kuhlemeier, Cris ; Smith, Richard S.

In: Science, 2012, vol. 335, p. 1096

Although genetic control of morphogenesis is well established, elaboration of complex shapes requires changes in the mechanical properties of cells. In plants, the first visible sign of leaf formation is a bulge on the flank of the shoot apical meristem. Bulging results from local relaxation of cell walls, which causes them to yield to internal hydrostatic pressure. By manipulation of tissue...

Université de Fribourg

Microsurgical and laser ablation analysis of leaf positioning and dorsoventral patterning in tomato

Reinhardt, Didier ; Frenz, Martin ; Mandel, Therese ; Kuhlemeier, Cris

In: Development, 2005, vol. 132, p. 15

Leaves are arranged according to regular patterns, a phenomenon referred to as phyllotaxis. Important determinants of phyllotaxis are the divergence angle between successive leaves, and the size of the leaves relative to the shoot axis. Young leaf primordia are thought to provide positional information to the meristem, thereby influencing the positioning of new primordia and hence the divergence...