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Université de Fribourg

Cross-fertilizing weed science and plant invasion science to improve efficient management: A European challenge

Müller-Schärer, Heinz ; Sun, Yan ; Chauvel, Bruno ; Karrer, Gerhard ; Kazinczi, Gabriella ; Kudsk, P. ; Lansink Oud, A. G. J. M. ; Schaffner, Urs ; Skjoth, C. A. ; Smith, M. ; Vurro, M. ; de Weger, L. A. ; Lommen, Suzanne T. E.

In: Basic and Applied Ecology, 2018, vol. 33, p. 1–13

Both weed science and plant invasion science deal with noxious plants. Yet, they have historically developed as two distinct research areas in Europe, with different target species, approaches and management aims, as well as with diverging institutions and researchers involved. We argue that the strengths of these two disciplines can be highly complementary in implementing management...

Université de Fribourg

Biological invasion of oxeye daisy (Leucanthemum vulgare) in North America: Pre-adaptation, post-introduction evolution, or both?

Stutz, Sonja ; Mráz, Patrik ; Hinz, Hariet L. ; Müller-Schärer, Heinz ; Schaffner, Urs

In: PLOS ONE, 2018, vol. 13, no. 1, p. e0190705

Species may become invasive after introduction to a new range because phenotypic traits pre-adapt them to spread and become dominant. In addition, adaptation to novel selection pressures in the introduced range may further increase their potential to become invasive. The diploid Leucanthemum vulgare and the tetraploid L. ircutianum are native to Eurasia and have been introduced to North...

Université de Fribourg

Ploidy level in the genus Leucanthemum correlates with resistance to a specialist herbivore

Stutz, Sonja ; Hinz, Hariet L. ; Konowalik, Kamil ; Müller-Schärer, Heinz ; Oberprieler, Christoph ; Schaffner, Urs

In: Ecosphere, 2016, vol. 7, no. 9, p. -

Polyploidy is considered to be a major source of genetic diversity in plants. Genome duplication has been shown repeatedly to be associated with changes in biotic interactions, but little is known about whether species traits such as herbivore resistance consistently change with increasing ploidy level among closely related plant species. We tested whether larval survival and performance of...

Université de Fribourg

Neighbour origin and ploidy level drive impact of an alien invasive plant species in a competitive environment

Sun, Yan ; Müller-Schärer, Heinz ; Schaffner, Urs

In: PLOS ONE, 2016, vol. 11, no. 5, p. e0155712

Our understanding of the potential mechanisms driving the spread and naturalization of alien plant species has increased over the past decades, but specific knowledge on the factors contributing to their increased impact in the introduced range is still urgently needed. The native European plant Centaurea stoebe occurs as two cytotypes with different life histories (monocarpic diploids,...

Université de Fribourg

Biogeographic effects on early establishment of an invasive alien plant

Sun, Yan ; Müller-Schärer, Heinz ; Maron, John L. ; Schaffner, Urs

In: American Journal of Botany, 2015, vol. 102, no. 4, p. 621–625

Premise of the study: Biotic resistance is often studied in the context of how interactions between native biota and invading species influence the success of those invaders. Seldom, however, is the strength of “resistance” compared biogeographically, where the ability of a species to impede invader establishment is contrasted between an invader’s native and introduced recipient...

Université de Fribourg

Origin matters: diversity affects the performance of alien invasive species but not of native species

Sun, Yan ; Müller-Schärer, Heinz ; Maron, John L. ; Schaffner, Urs

In: The American Naturalist, 2015, vol. 185, no. 6, p. 725–736

At local scales, it has often been found that invasibility decreases with increasing resident plant diversity. However, whether resident community diversity similarly resists invasion by alien versus native species is seldom studied. We examined this issue by invading constructed native plant assemblages that varied in species and functional richness with invasive alien or native Asteraceae...

Université de Fribourg

Biological Flora of the British Isles: Ambrosia artemisiifolia

Essl, Franz ; Biró, Krisztina ; Brandes, Dietmar ; Broennimann, Olivier ; Bullock, James M. ; Chapman, Daniel S. ; Chauvel, Bruno ; Dullinger, Stefan ; Fumanal, Boris ; Guisan, Antoine ; Karrer, Gerhard ; Kazinczi, Gabriella ; Kueffer, Christoph ; Laitung, Beryl ; Lavoie, Claude ; Leitner, Michael ; Mang, Thomas ; Moser, Dietmar ; Müller-Schärer, Heinz ; Petitpierre, Blaise ; Richter, Robert ; Schaffner, Urs ; Smith, Matt ; Starfinger, Uwe ; Vautard, Robert ; Vogl, Gero ; Lippe, Moritz von der ; Follak, Swen

In: Journal of Ecology, 2015, vol. 103, no. 4, p. 1069–1098

This account presents information on all aspects of the biology of Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. (Common ragweed) that are relevant to understanding its ecology. The main topics are presented within the standard framework of the Biological Flora of the British Isles: distribution, habitat, communities, responses to biotic factors, responses to environment, structure and physiology, phenology, floral...

Université de Fribourg

Plant neighbours rather than soil biota determine impact of an alien plant invader

Sun, Yan ; Müller-Schärer, Heinz ; Schaffner, Urs

In: Functional Ecology, 2014, vol. 28, no. 6, p. 1545–1555

1. Various factors have been shown contributing to the ecosystem impact of invasive alien plants, but their relative importance remains unclear. We focused on the effects of neighbouring plant community and soil biota as these biotic factors have been repeatedly put forward to explain invasion success (e.g. as components of the novel weapons and of the biotic release hypothesis).2. To assess...