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Université de Fribourg

How network topologies impact project alliance performance: evidence from the movie industry

Zhang, Xin-Jie ; Tang, Yong ; Xiong, Jason ; Wang, Wei-Jia ; Zhang, Yi-Cheng

In: Entropy, 2019, vol. 21, no. 9, p. 859

In many industries, partners are interconnected in project alliances that have limited lifespans and clearly-defined boundaries. The transparency of the movie industry provides a unique opportunity to study how alliance network topologies impact the performance of project alliances from the perspectives of social networks and organization theories. In this work, we compiled a massive movie...

Université de Fribourg

Computational socioeconomics

Gao, Jian ; Zhang, Yi-Cheng ; Zhou, Tao

In: Physics Reports, 2019, vol. 817, p. 1–104

Uncovering the structure of socioeconomic systems and timely estimation of socioeconomic status are significant for economic development. The understanding of socioeconomic processes provides foundations to quantify global economic development, to map regional industrial structure, and to infer individual socioeconomic status. In this review, we will make a brief manifesto about a new ...

Université de Fribourg

Entropy-cooled nonequilibrium states of the Hubbard model

Werner, Philipp ; Li, Jianju ; Golež, Denis ; Eckstein, Martin

In: Physical Review B, 2019, vol. 100, no. 15, p. 155130

We show that the recently proposed cooling-by-doping mechanism allows one to efficiently prepare interesting nonequilibrium states of the Hubbard model. Using nonequilibrium dynamical mean field theory and a particle-hole symmetric setup with dipolar excitations to full and empty bands we produce cold photodoped Mott insulating states with a sharp Drude peak in the optical conductivity, a ...

Université de Fribourg

Review of emerging japanese encephalitis virus: new aspects and concepts about entry into the brain and inter-cellular spreading

Filgueira, Luis ; Lannes, Nils

In: Pathogens, 2019, vol. 8, no. 3, p. 111

Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is an emerging flavivirus of the Asia-Pacific region. More than two billion people live in endemic or epidemic areas and are at risk of infection. Recently, the first autochthonous human case was recorded in Africa, and infected birds have been found in Europe. JEV may spread even further to other continents. The first section of this review covers...

Université de Fribourg

Affective cognition in bipolar disorder: A systematic review by the ISBD targeting cognition task force

Miskowiak, Kamilla W. ; Seeberg, Ida ; Kjaerstad, Hanne L. ; Burdick, Katherine E. ; Martinez‐Aran, Anabel ; Bonnin, Caterina del Mar ; Bowie, Christopher R. ; Carvalho, Andre F. ; Gallagher, Peter ; Hasler, Gregor ; Lafer, Beny ; López‐Jaramillo, Carlos ; Sumiyoshi, Tomiki ; McIntyre, Roger S. ; Schaffer, Ayal ; Porter, Richard J. ; Purdon, Scot ; Torres, Ivan J. ; Yatham, Lakshmi N. ; Young, Allan H. ; Kessing, Lars V. ; Rheenen, Tamsyn E. Van ; Vieta, Eduard

In: Bipolar Disorders, 2019, p. -

Background: Impairments in affective cognition are part of the neurocognitive profile and possible treatment targets in bipolar disorder (BD), but the findings are heterogeneous. The International Society of Bipolar Disorder (ISBD) Targeting Cognition Task Force conducted a systematic review to (i) identify the most consistent findings in affective cognition in BD, and (ii) provide...

Université de Fribourg

Looking back: twenty years of reforming undergraduate medical training and curriculum frameworks in Switzerland = Blick in den Rückspiegel: zwanzig Jahre Reformen der humanmedizinischen Studiengänge und der curricularen Rahmenbedingungen in der Schweiz

Bonvin, Raphael ; Nendaz, Mathieu ; Frey, Peter ; Schnabel, Kai P. ; Huwendiek, Sören ; Schirlo, Christian

In: GMS Journal for Medical Education, 2019, vol. 36, no. 5, p. Doc64

Introduction: To date, hardly any reports exist that outline the reforms in medical studies in Switzerland from the first partial reforms in the 1970s until today.Methods: This article outlines the recent history of medical curricula, their reforms in the early 1970s and, based on these, the key reasons for the major curricular reforms of the 2000s from the perspective of the authors.Results: The...

Université de Fribourg

New paroxyclaenid mammals from the early Eocene of the Paris Basin (France) shed light on the origin and evolution of these endemic European cimolestans

Solé, Floréal ; Plateau, Olivia ; Le Verger, Kévin ; Phélizon, Alain

In: Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 2019, vol. 17, no. 20, p. 1711–1743

We present new species of an enigmatic family of mammals, which is endemic to Europe, the Paroxyclaenidae: Merialus bruneti sp. nov., Fratrodon tresvauxi gen. et sp. nov., Paraspaniella gunnelli gen. et sp. nov., and Sororodon tresvauxae gen. et sp. nov. The fossils described come from six localities of the Ypresian of the Paris Basin (France): Pourcy (MP7), Mutigny, Avenay, Condé-en-Brie...

Université de Fribourg

Early Agenian rhinocerotids from Wischberg (Canton Bern, Switzerland) and clarification of the systematics of the genus Diaceratherium

Jame​, Claire ; Tissier​​, Jérémy ; Maridet, Olivier ; Becker, Damien

In: PeerJ, 2019, vol. 7, p. e7517

Background: Wischberg is a Swiss locality in Bern Canton which has yielded numerous vertebrates remains from the earliest Miocene (= MN1). It has a very rich faunal diversity, one of the richest in Switzerland for this age. Among all the mammals reported in the original faunal list 70 years ago, three rhinocerotid species were identified. The material consists of two fragmentary skulls,...

Università della Svizzera italiana

A privacy-aware and secure system for human memory augmentation

Bexheti, Agon ; Langheinrich, Marc (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Università della Svizzera italiana, 2019 ; 2019INFO011.

The ubiquity of digital sensors embedded in today's mobile and wearable devices (e.g., smartphones, wearable cameras, wristbands) has made technology more intertwined with our life. Among many other things, this allows us to seamlessly log our daily experiences in increasing numbers and quality, a process known as ``lifelogging''. This practice produces a great amount of pictures and videos...

Université de Fribourg

Assessment of the dose–response relationship between meal protein content and postprandial thermogenesis: effect of sex and the oral contraceptive pill

Duhita, Maharani R. ; Schutz, Yves ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Dulloo, Abdul G. ; Miles-Chan, Jennifer L.

In: Nutrients, 2019, vol. 11, no. 7, p. 1599

Implementation of efficacious dietary interventions to regulate energy balance requires understanding of the determinants of individual response. To date, information regarding individual variability in response to elevated meal protein content is lacking. This study investigates whether sex and/or oral contraceptive pill (OCP) use play a role in the response to elevated meal protein in 21...