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Université de Fribourg

Airborne medicine: bacterial volatiles and their influence on plant health

Garbeva, Paolina ; Weisskopf, Laure

In: New Phytologist, 2019, p. -

Like most other eukaryotes, plants do not live alone but in close association with a diverse microflora. These plant‐associated microbes contribute to plant health in many different ways, ranging from modulation of hormonal pathways to direct antibiosis of plant pathogens. Over the last 15 yr, the importance of volatile organic compounds as mediators of mutualistic interactions between...

Université de Fribourg

Rapid evolution of invasive traits facilitates the invasion of common ragweed, Ambrosia artemisiifolia

Sun, Yan ; Roderick, George K.

In: Journal of Ecology, 2019, vol. 107, no. 6, p. 2673–2687

Invasive alien plants, together with organisms introduced for biological control, are ideal study systems with which to address questions of whether, and how fast, organisms adapt to changing environments. We compared populations of common ragweed, Ambrosia artemisiifolia, from native (USA) and introduced (China) ranges at similar latitudes, together with herbivores introduced for biological...

Université de Fribourg

A conceptual framework for range-expanding species that track human-induced environmental change

Essl, Franz ; Dullinger, Stefan ; Genovesi, Piero ; Hulme, Philip E ; Jeschke, Jonathan M ; Katsanevakis, Stelios ; Kühn, Ingolf ; Lenzner, Bernd ; Pauchard, Aníbal ; Pyšek, Petr ; Rabitsch, Wolfgang ; Richardson, David M ; Seebens, Hanno ; van Kleunen, Mark ; van der Putten, Wim H ; Vilà, Montserrat ; Bacher, Sven

In: BioScience, 2019, vol. 69, no. 11, p. 908–919

For many species, human-induced environmental changes are important indirect drivers of range expansion into new regions. We argue that it is important to distinguish the range dynamics of such species from those that occur without, or with less clear, involvement of human-induced environmental changes. We elucidate the salient features of the rapid increase in the number of species whose...

Université de Fribourg

Admixture mapping in interspecific Populus hybrids identifies classes of genomic architectures for phytochemical, morphological and growth traits

Bresadola, Luisa ; Caseys, Céline ; Castiglione, Stefano ; Buerkle, C. Alex ; Wegmann, Daniel ; Lexer, Christian

In: New Phytologist, 2019, vol. 223, no. 4, p. 2076–2089

The genomic architecture of functionally important traits is key to understanding the maintenance of reproductive barriers and trait differences when divergent populations or species hybridize. We conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) to study trait architecture in natural hybrids of two ecologically divergent Populus species. We genotyped 472 seedlings from a natural hybrid zone...

Université de Fribourg

Predicting abundances of invasive ragweed across Europe using a “top-down” approach

Skjøth, Carsten Ambelas ; Sun, Yan ; Karrer, Gerhard ; Sikoparija, Branko ; Smith, Matt ; Schaffner, Urs ; Müller-Schärer, Heinz

In: Science of The Total Environment, 2019, vol. 686, p. 212–222

Common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia L.) is a widely distributed and harmful invasive plant that is an important source of highly allergenic pollen grains and a prominent crop weed. As a result, ragweed causes huge costs to both human health and agriculture in affected areas. Efficient mitigation requires accurate mapping of ragweed densities that, until now, has not been achieved...

Université de Fribourg

HSP90 and co-chaperones: a multitaskers’ view on plant hormone biology

Donato, Martin di ; Geisler, Markus

In: FEBS Letters, 2019, vol. 593, no. 13, p. 1415–1430

In order to survive under ever‐changing conditions plants must be able to adaptively respond to their environment. Plant hormones and the signaling cross‐talk among them play a key role in integrating external and internal cues, enabling the plants to acclimate accordingly. HSP90 and several of its co‐chaperones are known as pleiotropic factors involved in the signaling pathways of...

Université de Fribourg

Distinct genomic signals of lifespan and life history evolution in response to postponed reproduction and larval diet in Drosophila

Hoedjes, Katja M. ; van den Heuvel, Joost ; Kapun, Martin ; Keller, Laurent ; Flatt, Thomas ; Zwaan, Bas J.

In: Evolution Letters, 2019, p. -

Reproduction and diet are two major factors controlling the physiology of aging and life history, but how they interact to affect the evolution of longevity is unknown. Moreover, although studies of large‐effect mutants suggest an important role of nutrient sensing pathways in regulating aging, the genetic basis of evolutionary changes in lifespan remains poorly understood. To address these...

Université de Fribourg

InvasiBES: Understanding and managing the impacts of Invasive alien species on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services

Gallardo, Belinda ; Bacher, Sven ; Bradley, Bethany ; Comín, Francisco A. ; Gallien, Laure ; Jeschke, Jonathan M. ; Sorte, Cascade J. B. ; Vilà, Montserrat

In: NeoBiota, 2019, vol. 50, p. 109–122

Invasive Alien Species (IAS) are amongst the most significant drivers of species extinction and ecosystem degradation, causing negative impacts on ecosystem services and human well-being. InvasiBES, a project funded by BiodivERsA-Belmont Forum for 2019–2021, will use data and models across scales, habitats and species to understand and anticipate the multi-faceted impacts of IAS and to...

Université de Neuchâtel

Ecosystem engineers’ contribution to soil structure formation in floodplains

Schomburg, Andreas ; Le Bayon, Claire (Dir.) ; Guenat, Claire (Codir.) ; Brunner, Philip (Codir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2019.

Soil structure formation constitutes an extremely important process in near-natural and restored floodplains. A stable soil structure protects riverbanks from erosion and contributes to the preservation of ecosystem services. However, developing a soil structure in alluvial soils is difficult for several reasons. Extensive alluvial dynamics cause periodic waterlogging and continuously rejuvenate...