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Consortium of Swiss Academic Libraries

Role of plant sensory perception in plant-animal interactions

Mescher, Mark C. ; De Moraes, Consuelo M.

In: Journal Of Experimental Botany, 2015, vol. 66, no. 2, p. 425-433

Université de Fribourg

Community‐level plant palatability increases with elevation as insect herbivore abundance declines

Descombes, Patrice ; Marchon, Jérémy ; Pradervand, Jean-Nicolas ; Bilat, Julia ; Guisan, Antoine ; Rasmann, Sergio ; Pellissier, Loïc

In: Journal of Ecology, 2017, vol. 105, no. 1, p. 142–151

Plants protect themselves against herbivore attacks through a myriad of physical structures and toxic secondary metabolites. Together with abiotic factors, herbivores are expected to modulate plant defence strategies within plant assemblages. Because the abundance of insect herbivore decreases in colder environments, the palatability of plants in communities at higher elevation should shift...

Université de Fribourg

Differential allocation and deployment of direct and indirect defences by Vicia sepium along elevation gradients

Rasmann, Sergio ; Buri, Aline ; Gallot-Lavallée, Marie ; Joaquim, Jessica ; Purcell, Jessica ; Pellissier, Loïc

In: Journal of Ecology, 2014, p. -

Dissecting drivers of plant defence investment remains central for understanding the assemblage of communities across different habitats. There is increasing evidence that direct defence strategies against herbivores, including secondary metabolites production, differ along ecological gradients in response to variation in biotic and abiotic conditions. In contrast, intraspecific variation in...

Université de Fribourg

Insect eggs suppress plant defence against chewing herbivores

Bruessow, Friederike ; Gouhier-Darimont, Caroline ; Buchala, Antony J. ; Metraux, Jean-Pierre ; Reymond, Philippe

In: The Plant Journal, 2010, vol. 62, no. 5, p. 876 - 885

Plants activate direct and indirect defences in response to insect egg deposition. However, whether eggs can manipulate plant defence is unknown. In Arabidopsis thaliana, oviposition by the butterfly Pieris brassicae triggers cellular and molecular changes that are similar to the changes caused by biotrophic pathogens. In the present study, we found that the plant defence signal salicylic acid...

Université de Neuchâtel

Simultaneous feeding by aboveground and belowground herbivores attenuates plant-mediated attraction of their respective natural enemies

Rasmann, Sergio ; Turlings, Ted C. J.

In: Oikos, 2007, vol. 10, no. 10, p. 926-936

Herbivore-damaged plants emit volatile organic compounds that attract natural enemies of the herbivores. This form of indirect plant defence occurs aboveground as well as belowground, but it remains unclear how simultaneous feeding by different herbivores attacking leaves and roots may affect the production of the respective defence signals. We employed a setup that combines trapping of volatile...

Université de Fribourg

Nurse plants, tree saplings and grazing pressure: changes in facilitation along a biotic environmental gradient

Smit, Christian ; Vandenberghe, Charlotte ; Ouden, Jan den ; Müller-Schärer, Heinz

In: Oecologia, 2007, vol. 152, no. 2, p. 265-273

Current conceptual models predict that an increase in stress shifts interactions between plants from competitive to facilitative; hence, facilitation is expected to gain in ecological importance with increasing stress. Little is known about how facilitative interactions between plants change with increasing biotic stress, such as that incurred by consumer pressure or herbivory (i.e. disturbance...