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Université de Fribourg

A guideline to study the feasibility domain of multi-trophic and changing ecological communities

Song, Chuliang ; Rohr, Rudolf P. ; Saavedra, Serguei

In: Journal of Theoretical Biology, 2018, vol. 450, p. 30–36

The feasibility domain of an ecological community can be described by the set of environmental abiotic and biotic conditions under which all co-occurring and interacting species in a given site and time can have positive abundances. Mathematically, the feasibility domain corresponds to the parameter space compatible with positive (feasible) solutions at equilibrium for all the state variables...

Université de Fribourg

Towards the integration of niche and network theories

Godoy, Oscar ; Bartomeus, Ignasi ; Rohr, Rudolf P. ; Saavedra, Serguei

In: Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 2018, vol. 33, no. 4, p. 287–300

The quest for understanding how species interactions modulate diversity has progressed by theoretical and empirical advances following niche and network theories. Yet, niche studies have been limited to describe coexistence within tropic levels despite incorporating information about multi-trophic interactions. Network approaches could address this limitation, but they have ignored the...

Université de Fribourg

Why are some plant–pollinator networks more nested than others?

Song, Chuliang ; Rohr, Rudolf P. ; Saavedra, Serguei

In: Journal of Animal Ecology, 2017, vol. 86, no. 6, p. 1417–1424

Empirical studies have found that the mutualistic interactions forming the structure of plant–pollinator networks are typically more nested than expected by chance alone. Additionally, theoretical studies have shown a positive association between the nested structure of mutualistic networks and community persistence. Yet, it has been shown that some plant–pollinator networks may be more...

Université de Fribourg

Reorganization of interaction networks modulates the persistence of species in late successional stages

Saavedra, Serguei ; Cenci, Simone ; del-Val, Ek ; Boege, Karina ; Rohr, Rudolf P.

In: Journal of Animal Ecology, 2017, vol. 86, no. 5, p. 1136–1146

Ecological interaction networks constantly reorganize as interspecific interactions change across successional stages and environmental gradients. This reorganization can also be associated with the extent to which species change their preference for types of niches available in their local sites. Despite the pervasiveness of these interaction changes, previous studies have revealed that...

Université de Fribourg

A structural approach for understanding multispecies coexistence

Saavedra, Serguei ; Rohr, Rudolf P. ; Bascompte, Jordi ; Godoy, Oscar ; Kraft, Nathan J. B. ; Levine, Jonathan M.

In: Ecological Monographs, 2017, p. -

Although observations of species-rich communities have long served as a primary motivation for research on the coexistence of competitors, the majority of our empirical and theoretical understanding comes from two-species systems. How much of the coexistence observed in species rich communities results from indirect effects among competitors that only emerge in diverse systems remains poorly...

Université de Fribourg

Mismatch in microbial food webs: predators but not prey perform better in their local biotic and abiotic conditions

Parain, Elodie C. ; Gravel, Dominique ; Rohr, Rudolf P. ; Bersier, Louis-Félix ; Gray, Sarah M.

In: Ecology and Evolution, 2016, vol. 6, no. 14, p. 4885–4897

Understanding how trophic levels respond to changes in abiotic and biotic conditions is key for predicting how food webs will react to environmental perturbations. Different trophic levels may respond disproportionately to change, with lower levels more likely to react faster, as they typically consist of smaller-bodied species with higher reproductive rates. This response could cause a...

Université de Fribourg

Matching–centrality decomposition and the forecasting of new links in networks

Rohr, Rudolf P. ; Naisbit, Russell E. ; Mazza, Christian ; Bersier, Louis-Félix

In: Proc. R. Soc. B, 2016, vol. 283, no. 1824, p. 20152702

Networks play a prominent role in the study of complex systems of interacting entities in biology, sociology, and economics. Despite this diversity, we demonstrate here that a statistical model decomposing networks into matching and centrality components provides a comprehensive and unifying quantification of their architecture. The matching term quantifies the assortative structure in which node...

Université de Fribourg

Components of phylogenetic signal in antagonistic and mutualistic networks.

Rohr, Rudolf P. ; Bascompte, Jordi

In: The American Naturalist, 2014, vol. 184, no. 5, p. 556–564

Recent studies have shown a phylogenetic signal in the structure of ecological networks, making the point that evolutionary history is important in explaining network architecture. However, this previous work has focused on either antagonistic (i.e., predator-prey) or mutualistic networks and has used different methodologies. Thus, a comparative assessment of both the frequency and the strength...

Université de Fribourg

Explaining the variation in impacts of non-native plants on local-scale species richness: the role of phylogenetic relatedness

Vilà, Montserrat ; Rohr, Rudolf P. ; Espinar, José L. ; Hulme, Philip E. ; Pergl, Jan ; Roux, Johannes J. Le ; Schaffner, Urs ; Pyšek, Petr

In: Global Ecology and Biogeography, 2014, p. -

Aim: To assess how the magnitude of impacts of non-native plants on species richness of resident plants and animals varies in relation to the traits and phylogenetic position of the non-native as well as characteristics of the invaded site.Location: Global.Methods: Meta-analysis and phylogenetic regressions based on 216 studies were used to examine the effects of 96 non-native plant species on...