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Université de Neuchâtel

Tritrophic interactions on cultivated maize and its wild ancestor "teosinte"

De Lange, Elvira Simone ; Turlings, Ted (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2014.

Modern maize plants (Zea mays ssp. mays, Poaceae) are characterized by large cobs that contain juicy grains, although they have not always had these characteristics. Approximately 9000 years ago, maize was domesticated from teosinte (Z. mays ssp. parviglumis), its closest wild ancestor, which produces much less and much smaller seeds. Teosinte still grows in the wild...

Université de Neuchâtel

Strong Attraction of the Parasitoid Cotesia marginiventris Towards Minor Volatile Compounds of Maize

D’Alessandro, Marco ; Brunner, Virginie ; von Mérey, Georg ; Turlings, Ted C. J.

In: Journal of Chemical Ecology, 2009, vol. 35, no. 9, p. 999-1008

Plants infested with herbivorous arthropods emit complex blends of volatile compounds, which are used by several natural enemies as foraging cues. Despite detailed knowledge on the composition and amount of the emitted volatiles in many plant-herbivore systems, it remains largely unknown which compounds are essential for the attraction of natural enemies. In this study, we used a combination of...

Université de Neuchâtel

Induction of systemic acquired resistance in Zea mays also enhances the plant’s attractiveness to parasitoids

Rostás, Michael ; Turlings, Ted C. J.

In: Biological Control, 2008, vol. 46, no. 2, p. 178-186

Plants under attack by caterpillars emit volatile compounds that attract the herbivore’s natural enemies. In maize, the caterpillar-induced production of volatiles involves the phytohormone jasmonic acid (JA). In contrast, pathogen attack usually up-regulates the salicylic acid (SA)-pathway and results in systemic acquired resistance (SAR) against plant diseases. Activation of the SA-pathway...

Université de Neuchâtel

Fungal Infection Reduces Herbivore-Induced Plant Volatiles of Maize but does not Affect Naïve Parasitoids

Rostás, Michael ; Ton, Jurriaan ; Mauch-Mani, Brigitte ; Turlings, Ted C. J.

In: Journal of Chemical Ecology, 2006, vol. 32, no. 9, p. 1897-1909

Plants attacked by insects release volatile compounds that attract the herbivores' natural enemies. This so-called indirect defense is plastic and may be affected by an array of biotic and abiotic factors. We investigated the effect of fungal infection as a biotic stress agent on the emission of herbivore-induced volatiles and the possible consequences for the attraction of two parasitoid...

Université de Neuchâtel

The Role of Indole and Other Shikimic Acid Derived Maize Volatiles in the Attraction of Two Parasitic Wasps

D'Alessandro, Marco ; Held, Matthias ; Triponez, Yann ; Turlings, Ted C. J.

In: Journal of Chemical Ecology, 2006, vol. 32, no. 2, p. 2733-2748

After herbivore attack, plants release a plethora of different volatile organic compounds (VOCs), which results in odor blends that are attractive to predators and parasitoids of these herbivores. VOCs in the odor blends emitted by maize plants (Zea mays) infested by lepidopteran larvae are well characterized. They are derived from at least three different biochemical pathways, but the...