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Université de Neuchâtel

Living the prison : An ethnographic study of indefinite incarceration in Switzerland

Marti, Irene ; Hertz, Ellen (Dir.) ; Hostettler, Ueli (Codir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2020 ; TH 2820.

During the first half of the 20th century, rehabilitation served as the main paradigm for criminal policy in Switzerland, as in most so-called Western countries. However, changing demands for security and public pressure over the past decades have led to a shift towards a more punitive and hard-line approach to crime. This ‘punitive turn’ in criminal policy has produced more investment...

Université de Neuchâtel

Distributed systems and trusted execution environments : trade-offs and challenges

Pereira Pires, Rafael ; Felber, Pascal (Dir.) ; Pasin, Marcelo (Codir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2019.

Security and privacy concerns in computer systems have grown in importance with the ubiquity of connected devices. Additionally, cloud computing boosts such distress as private data is stored and processed in multi-tenant infrastructure providers. In recent years, trusted execution environments (TEEs) have caught the attention of scientific and industry communities as they became largely...

Université de Neuchâtel

Conditioning groundwater flow parameters with iterative ensemble smoothers : analysis and approaches in the continuous and the discrete cases

Lam, Dan-Thuy ; Renard, Philippe (Dir.) ; Kerrou, Jaouher (Codir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2019.

Data assimilation (DA) consists in combining observations and predictions of a numerical model to produce an optimal estimate of the evolving state of a system. Over the last decade, DA methods based on the Ensemble Kalman Filter (EnKF) have been particularly explored in various geoscience fields for inverse modelling. Although this type of ensemble methods can handle high-dimensional systems,...

Université de Neuchâtel

Impacts of urban gardening on soil quality, soil fauna and soil multifunctionality

Tresch, Simon ; Le Bayon, Claire (Dir.) ; Fliessbach, Andreas (Codir.) ; Moretti, Marco (Codir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2019.

Urban gardens are important and at the same time popular greenspaces. As urban areas are expanding globally, urban gardens play an increasingly important role in contributing to essential ecosystem services, well-being of citizens, and biodiversity in a city. Gardening activities determine above- and belowground diversity of plants and insects. However, the effect of gardening activities on soil...

Université de Neuchâtel

Compact laser sources from the extreme ultraviolet to the mid-infrared spectral range

Merceron, Loïc P. J. M. ; Südmeyer, Thomas (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2019.

Lasers have revolutionized the way we live and work in so many ways and have become a major part of our lives. We use them in telecommunications, medical care, material processing, data storage and printing, just to name a few. Lasers have proved to be important tools and are a major subject of research in science, continuously developed further and finding new uses. Pushed by the need to...

Université de Neuchâtel

An electroencephalographic approach to the processing of ambiguous stimuli under social influence : the role of perception, attention, emotion and metacognition

Zanesco, Julie ; Clément, Fabrice (Dir.) ; Pegna, Alan J. (Codir.) ; Maurer, Roland (Codir.) ; Krummenacher, Joseph (Codir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2019.

Humans, as social beings, are susceptible to social influence in their judgements, beliefs and behaviours. Over the last 70 years, a great wealth of data from experimental social psychology has demonstrated that social knowledge affects the way humans perceive and interpret their environment, giving rise to cognitive, perceptual, attentional and motivational biases. Already in the 1950’s,...

Université de Neuchâtel

Memories of the "liberation of Kosovo" among Albanian-speaking activists in Switzerland : narrating transnational belonging to the nation

Farquet, Romaine ; Dahinden, Janine (Dir.) ; Duijzings, Ger (Codir.) ; Schwander-Sievers, Stephanie (Codir.) ; Lacroix, Thomas (Codir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2019.

The Albanian-speaking population living in Switzerland mobilised massively on behalf of the national cause in Kosovo in the 1990s. After the end of the conflict, that saw the departure of the Serbian forces from Kosovo (1999), some of the Albanian-speaking activists from Switzerland returned to their homeland. Many others remained in Switzerland, where they largely diminished or terminated their...

Université de Neuchâtel

Haecceitism as a Theory of Individual Essences

Scarpati, Maria ; Correia, Fabrice (Dir.) ; Massin, Olivier (Codir.) ; Dasgupta, Shamik (Codir.) ; Mackie, Penelope (Codir.) ; Rodriguez-Pereyra, Gonzalo (Codir.) ; Varzi, Achille (Codir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2019.

This thesis deals with the debate that opposes two metaphysical views: Haecceitism and anti-Haecceitism. Roughly speaking, according to anti-Haecceitists everything about reality is determined by the qualitative character of reality itself, while Haecceitists deny that this is the case. The thesis has two main goals. The first is to formulate and defend a novel way to understand the two views in...