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Université de Fribourg

Quantification of multiple bile acids in uninephrectomized rats using ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry

Penno, Carlos A. ; Arsenijevic, Denis ; Cunha, Thierry Da ; Kullak-Ublic, Gerd A. ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Odermatt, Alex

In: Analytical Methods, 2013, vol. 5, p. 1155-1164

In order to study the roles of individual BAs and due to limited blood sample volumes available from experimental animals, improved methods for the simultaneous quantification of multiple BAs are needed. We developed and validated an ultra-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method for the quantification of 24 BAs, including 11 unconjugated, 6...

Université de Fribourg

A role for adipose tissue de novo lipogenesis in glucose homeostasis during catch-up growth : a randle cycle favoring fat storage

Marcelino, Helena ; Veyrat-Durebex, Christelle ; Summermatter, Serge ; Sarafian, Delphine ; Miles-Chan, Jennifer ; Arsenijevic, Denis ; Zani, Fabio ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Seydoux, Josiane ; Solinas, Giovanni ; Rohner-Jeanrenaud, Françoise ; Dulloo, Abdul G.

In: Diabetes, 2013, vol. 62, no. 2, p. 362-372

Catch-up growth, a risk factor for type 2 diabetes, is characterized by hyperinsulinemia and accelerated body fat recovery. Using a rat model of semistarvation-refeeding that exhibits catch-up fat, we previously reported that during refeeding on a low-fat diet, glucose tolerance is normal but insulin-dependent glucose utilization is decreased in skeletal muscle and increased in adipose tissue,...

Université de Fribourg

PI3Kγ within a nonhematopoietic cell type negatively regulates diet-induced thermogenesis and promotes obesity and insulin resistance

Becattini, Barbara ; Marone, Romina ; Zani, Fabio ; Arsenijevic, Denis ; Seydoux, Josiane ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Dulloo, Abdul G. ; Thorens, Bernard ; Preitner, Frédéric ; Wymann, Matthias P. ; Solinas, Giovanni

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2011, vol. 108, no. 42, p. E854-E863

Obesity is associated with a chronic low-grade inflammation, and specific antiinflammatory interventions may be beneficial for the treatment of type 2 diabetes and other obesity-related diseases. The lipid kinase PI3Kγ is a central proinflammatory signal transducer that plays a major role in leukocyte chemotaxis, mast cell degranulation, and endothelial cell activation. It was also reported that...

Université de Fribourg

Dietary modulation of body composition and insulin sensitivity during catch-up growth in rats: effects of oils rich in n-6 or n-3 PUFA

Yepuri, Gayathri ; Marcelino, Helena ; Shahkhalili, Yasaman ; Aprikian, Olivier ; Macé, Katherine ; Seydoux, Josiane ; Miles, Jennifer L. ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Dulloo, Abdul G.

In: British Journal of Nutrition, 2011, vol. 105, p. 1750-1763

The present study investigates whether excessive fat accumulation and hyperinsulinaemia during catch-up growth on high-fat diets are altered by n-6 and n-3 PUFA derived from oils rich in either linoleic acid (LA), α-linolenic acid (ALA), arachidonic acid (AA) or DHA. It has been shown that, compared with food-restricted rats refed a high-fat (lard) diet low in PUFA, those refed...

Université de Fribourg

Body composition phenotypes in pathways to obesity and the metabolic syndrome

Dulloo, Abdul G. ; Jacquet, Jean ; Solinas, Giovanni ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Schutz, Y.

In: International Journal of Obesity, 2010, vol. 34, p. S4–S17

Dynamic changes in body weight have long been recognized as important indicators of risk for debilitating diseases. While weight loss or impaired growth can lead to muscle wastage, as well as to susceptibility to infections and organ dysfunctions, the development of excess fat predisposes to type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases, with insulin resistance as a central feature of the disease...

Université de Fribourg

Adipose tissue plasticity during catch-up fat driven by thrifty metabolism: relevance for muscle-adipose glucose redistribution during catch-up growth

Summermatter, Serge ; Marcelino, Helena ; Arsenijevic, Denis ; Buchala, Antony J. ; Aprikian, Olivier ; Assimacopoulos-Jeannet, Françoise ; Seydoux, Josiane ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Solinas, Giovanni ; Dulloo, Abdul G.

In: Diabetes, 2009, vol. 58, no. 10, p. 2228-2237

OBJECTIVE: Catch-up growth, a risk factor for later type 2 diabetes, is characterized by hyperinsulinemia, accelerated body-fat recovery (catch-up fat), and enhanced glucose utilization in adipose tissue. Our objective was to characterize the determinants of enhanced glucose utilization in adipose tissue during catch-up fat. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: White adipose tissue morphometry, lipogenic...

Université de Fribourg

A role for skeletal muscle stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 in control of thermogenesis

Mainieri, Davide ; Summermatter, Serge ; Seydoux, Josiane ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Rusconi, Sandro ; Russell, Aaron P. ; Boss, Olivier ; Buchala, Antony J. ; Dulloo, Abdul G.

In: The FASEB Journal, 2006, vol. 20, no. 10, p. 1751-1753

An enhanced metabolic efficiency for accelerating the recovery of fat mass (or catch-up fat) is a characteristic feature of body weight regulation after weight loss or growth retardation and is the outcome of an "adipose-specific" suppression of thermogenesis, i.e., a feedback control system in which signals from the depleted adipose tissue fat stores exert a suppressive effect on thermogenesis....

Université de Fribourg

Mature adipocytes and perivascular adipose tissue stimulate vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation: effects of aging and obesity

Barandier, Christine ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Yang, Zhihong

In: American Journal of Physiology - Heart & Circulatory Physiology, 2005, vol. 289, p. H1807-H1813

Adipocytes and perivascular adipose tissue are emerging as regulators of vascular function. The effects of adipocytes and perivascular adipose tissue on human smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation were investigated. Conditioned medium was prepared from cultured premature and differentiated 3T3-L1 adipocytes and from periaortic adipose tissue from young (3 mo) and old (24 mo) Wistar-Kyoto (WKY)...

Université de Fribourg

Substrate cycling between de novo lipogenesis and lipid oxidation: a thermogenic mechanism against skeletal muscle lipotoxicity and glucolipotoxicity

Dulloo, Abdul G. ; Gubler, Marcel ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Seydoux, Josiane ; Solinas, Giovanni

In: International Journal of Obesity, 2004, vol. 28 (Suppl. 4), p. S29-S37

Life is a combustion, but how the major fuel substrates that sustain human life compete and interact with each other for combustion has been at the epicenter of research into the pathogenesis of insulin resistance ever since Randle proposed a 'glucose-fatty acid cycle' in 1963. Since then, several features of a mutual interaction that is characterized by both reciprocality and dependency between...

Université de Fribourg

Thrombin Stimulates Human Endothelial Arginase Enzymatic Activity via RhoA/ROCK Pathway

Ming, Xiu-Fen ; Barandier, Christine ; Viswambharan, Hema ; Kwak, Brenda R. ; Mach, François ; Mazzolai, Lucia ; Hayoz, Daniel ; Ruffieux, Jean ; Rusconi, Sandro ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Yang, Zhihong

In: Circulation, 2004, vol. 110, p. 3708-3714

Background— Arginase competes with endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) for the substrate L-arginine and decreases NO production. This study investigated regulatory mechanisms of arginase activity in endothelial cells and its role in atherosclerosis. Methods and Results— In human endothelial cells isolated from umbilical veins, thrombin concentration- and time-dependently stimulated...