Université de Fribourg

"En Face" detection of nitric oxide and superoxide in endothelial layer of intact arteries

Yu, Yi ; Xiong, Yuyan ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Yang, Zhihong ; Ming, Xiu-Fen

In: Journal of Visualized Experiments, 2016, no. 108, p. -

Endothelium-derived nitric oxide (NO) produced from endothelial NO-synthase (eNOS) is one of the most important vasoprotective molecules in cardiovascular physiology. Dysfunctional eNOS such as uncoupling of eNOS leads to decrease in NO bioavailability and increase in superoxide anion (O₂.−) production, and in turn promotes cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, appropriate...

Université de Fribourg

Targeting arginase-II protects mice from high-fat-diet-induced hepatic steatosis through suppression of macrophage inflammation

Liu, Chang ; Rajapakse, Angana G. ; Riedo, Erwin ; Fellay, Benoit ; Bernhard, Marie-Claire ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Yang, Zhihong ; Ming, Xiu-Fen

In: Scientific Reports, 2016, vol. 6, p. 20405

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) associates with obesity and type 2 diabetes. Hypoactive AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), hyperactive mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling, and macrophage-mediated inflammation are mechanistically linked to NAFLD. Studies investigating roles of arginase particularly the extrahepatic isoform arginase-II (Arg-II) in...

Université de Fribourg

Thrombin Stimulates Human Endothelial Arginase Enzymatic Activity via RhoA/ROCK Pathway

Ming, Xiu-Fen ; Barandier, Christine ; Viswambharan, Hema ; Kwak, Brenda R. ; Mach, François ; Mazzolai, Lucia ; Hayoz, Daniel ; Ruffieux, Jean ; Rusconi, Sandro ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Yang, Zhihong

In: Circulation, 2004, vol. 110, p. 3708-3714

Background— Arginase competes with endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) for the substrate L-arginine and decreases NO production. This study investigated regulatory mechanisms of arginase activity in endothelial cells and its role in atherosclerosis. Methods and Results— In human endothelial cells isolated from umbilical veins, thrombin concentration- and time-dependently stimulated...