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Université de Fribourg

Assessing meso- and microplastic pollution in the Ligurian and Tyrrhenian Seas

Caldwell, Jessica ; Petri-Fink, Alke ; Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara ; Lehner, Roman

In: Marine Pollution Bulletin, 2019, vol. 149, p. 110572

As the production of plastic products continues to increase, determining the fate of plastic waste in the environment is of high importance. Densely populated areas, such as Mediterranean coastlines, represent locations of high pollution risk for surrounding environments. Thus, this study aims to assess the abundance, size, and composition of floating meso- and microplastics collected during...

Université de Fribourg

Accounting for effective interactions among charged microgels

Aguirre-Manzo, L. A. ; Ledesma-Motolinía, Mónica ; Rojas-Ochoa, Luis Fernando ; Trappe, Véronique ; Callejas-Fernández, J. ; Haro-Pérez, Catalina ; González-Mozuelos, P.

In: Physical Review E, 2019, vol. 100, no. 3, p. 032602

We introduce a theoretical approach to describe structural correlations among charged permeable spheres at finite particle concentrations. This theory explicitly accounts for correlations among microions and between microions and macroions and allows for the proposal of an effective interaction among macroions that successfully captures structural correlations observed in poly- N -isopropyl...

Université de Fribourg

Colloidal dynamics and elasticity of dense wax particle suspensions over a wide range of volume fractions when tuning the softness by temperature

Yoon, Jiwon ; Scheffold, Frank ; Ahn, Kyung Hyun

In: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 2019, vol. 576, p. 1–8

We report on the colloidal dynamics and rheology of liquid droplet emulsions and solid particle suspensions over a wide range of volume fractions. Diffusing wave spectroscopy and rheometry were utilized to study the micro/macroscale properties of 1-eicosene wax particles dispersed in water. By changing the temperature, the wax droplets change their properties from soft to hard or vice versa,...

Université de Fribourg

Relationship between rheology and structure of interpenetrating, deforming and compressing microgels

Conley, Gaurasundar M. ; Zhang, Chi ; Aebischer, Philippe ; Harden, James L. ; Scheffold, Frank

In: Nature Communications, 2019, vol. 10, no. 1, p. 2436

Thermosensitive microgels are widely studied hybrid systems combining properties of polymers and colloidal particles in a unique way. Due to their complex morphology, their interactions and packing, and consequentially the viscoelasticity of suspensions made from microgels, are still not fully understood, in particular under dense packing conditions. Here we study the frequency-dependent...