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Université de Fribourg

Detection of HER2+ breast cancer cells using bioinspired DNA-based signal amplification

afiee, Sarah D. ; Kocabey, Samet ; Mayer, Michael ; List, Jonathan ; Rüegg, Curzio

In: ChemMedChem, 2020, p. -

Circulating tumor cells (CTC) are promising biomarkers for metastatic cancer detection and monitoring progression. However, detection of CTCs remains challenging due to their low frequency and heterogeneity. Herein, we report a bioinspired approach to detect individual cancer cells, based on a signal amplification cascade using a programmable DNA hybridization chain reaction (HCR) circuit. We...

Université de Fribourg

Amide proton transfer weighted imaging shows differences in multiple sclerosis lesions and white matter hyperintensities of presumed vascular origin

Sartoretti, Elisabeth ; Sartoretti, Thomas ; Wyss, Michael ; Becker, Anton S. ; Schwenk, Árpád ; Smoorenburg, Luuk van ; Najafi, Arash ; Binkert, Christoph ; Thoeny, Harriet C. ; Zhou, Jinyuan ; Jiang, Shanshan ; Graf, Nicole ; Czell, David ; Sartoretti-Schefer, Sabine ; Reischauer, Carolin

In: Frontiers in Neurology, 2019, vol. 10, p. -

Objectives: To assess the ability of 3D amide proton transfer weighted (APTw) imaging based on magnetization transfer analysis to discriminate between multiple sclerosis lesions (MSL) and white matter hyperintensities of presumed vascular origin (WMH) and to compare APTw signal intensity of healthy white matter (healthy WM) with APTw signal intensity of MSL and WHM.Materials and Methods: A...

Université de Fribourg

Internal lamellar and inverse hexagonal liquid crystalline phases during the digestion of krill and astaxanthin oil-in-water emulsions

Yaghmur, Anan ; Lotfi, Saleh ; Ariabod, Sarah Atoussa ; Bor, Gizem ; Gontsarik, Mark ; Salentinig, Stefan

In: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology, 2019, vol. 7, p. -

Krill oil represents an important alternative natural source of omega-3 (ω-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). Considering the beneficial health effects of these essential fatty acids, particularly in various disorders including cancer, cardiovascular, and inflammation diseases, it is of paramount importance to gain insight into the digestibility of krill oil. In this work, we study the...

Université de Fribourg

Regulation of TRPM8 channel activity by Src-mediated tyrosine phosphorylation

Manolache, Alexandra ; Selescu, Tudor ; Maier, G. Larisa ; Mentel, Mihaela ; Ionescu, Aura Elena ; Neacsu, Cristian ; Babes, Alexandru ; Szedlacsek, Stefan Eugen

In: Journal of Cellular Physiology, 2019, p. -

The transient receptor potential melastatin type 8 (TRPM8) receptor channel is expressed in primary afferent neurons where it is the main transducer of innocuous cold temperatures and also in a variety of tumors, where it is involved in progression and metastasis. Modulation of this channel by intracellular signaling pathways has therefore important clinical implications. We investigated the...

Université de Fribourg

Are integrins still practicable targets for anti-cancer therapy?

Alday-Parejo, Begoña ; Stupp, Roger ; Rüegg, Curzio

In: Cancers, 2019, vol. 11, no. 7, p. 978

Correlative clinical evidence and experimental observations indicate that integrin adhesion receptors, in particular those of the αV family, are relevant to cancer cell features, including proliferation, survival, migration, invasion, and metastasis. In addition, integrins promote events in the tumor microenvironment that are critical for tumor progression and metastasis, including tumor...

Haute Ecole Arc Santé

Chez les patients porteurs de colostomie, quel est l'impact des différentes stratégies d'éducation thérapeutique sur les complications ?

Cuche, Guillaume ; Prêtre, Adrien ; Roulet, Nicolas ; Voirol, Christian (Dir.)

Mémoire de bachelor : Haute Ecole Arc Santé, 2019.

La colostomie fait partie de la famille des stomies. La stomie est l’ouverture chirurgicale d’un orifice sur la peau au niveau de l’abdomen. Cette stomie peut être provisoire ou définitive. Cette intervention est due entre autres à un cancer, une maladie inflammatoire, maladie diverticulaire, neurologique, traumatique, etc. La stomie peut induire de multiples complications qui...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Epithelial-mesenchymal transition in cancer metastasis through the lymphatic syste

Karlsson, Mikael C. ; Gonzalez, Santiago F. ; Welin, Josefin ; Fuxe, Jonas

In: Molecular oncology, 2017, vol. 11, p. 781–791

It was already in the 18th century when the French surgeon LeDran first noted that breast cancer patients with spread of tumor cells to their axillary lymph nodes had a drastically worse prognosis than patients without spread (LeDran et al., ). Since then, metastatic spread of cancer cells to regional lymph nodes has been established as the most important prognostic factor in many types of...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Protection of calves by a prefusion-stabilized bovine RSV F vaccine

Zhang, Baoshan ; Chen, Lei ; Silacci, Chiara ; Thom, Michelle ; Boyington, Jeffrey C. ; Druz, Aliaksandr ; Joyce, M. Gordon ; Guzman, Efrain ; Kong, Wing-Pui ; Lai, Yen-Ting ; Stewart-Jones, Guillaume B. E. ; Tsybovsky, Yaroslav ; Yang, Yongping ; Zhou, Tongqing ; Baxa, Ulrich ; Mascola, John R. ; Corti, Davide ; Lanzavecchia, Antonio ; Taylor, Geraldine ; Kwong, Peter D.

In: Npj vaccines, 2017, vol. 2, p. 7

Bovine respiratory syncytial virus, a major cause of respiratory disease in calves, is closely related to human RSV, a leading cause of respiratory disease in infants. Recently, promising human RSV-vaccine candidates have been engineered that stabilize the metastable fusion (F) glycoprotein in its prefusion state; however, the absence of a relevant animal model for human RSV has complicated...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Macrophage death following influenza vaccination initiates the inflammatory response that promotes dendritic cell function in the draining lymph node

Chatziandreou, Nikolaos ; Farsakoglu, Yagmur ; Palomino-Segura, Miguel ; D’Antuono, Rocco ; Pizzagalli, Diego Ulisse ; Sallusto, Federica ; Lukacs-Kornek, Veronika ; Uguccioni, Mariagrazia ; Corti, Davide ; Turley, Shannon J. ; Lanzavecchia, Antonio ; Carroll, Michael C. ; Gonzalez, Santiago F.

In: Cell reports, 2017, vol. 18, no. 10, p. 2427-2440

The mechanism by which inflammation influences the adaptive response to vaccines is not fully understood. Here, we examine the role of lymph node macrophages (LNMs) in the induction of the cytokine storm triggered by inactivated influenza virus vaccine. Following vaccination, LNMs undergo inflammasome-independent necrosis-like death that is reliant on MyD88 and Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7)...

Université de Fribourg

pH-responsive nano-self-assemblies of the anticancer drug 2-hydroxyoleic acid

Prajapati, Rama ; Gontsarik, Mark ; Yaghmur, Anan ; Salentinig, Stefan

In: Langmuir, 2019, vol. 35, no. 24, p. 7954–7961

pH-responsive lipid nanocarriers have the potential to selectively target the acidic extracellular pH environment of cancer tissues and may further improve the efficacy of chemotherapeutics by minimizing their toxic side-effects. Here, we present the design and characterization of pH-sensitive nano-self-assemblies of the poorly water-soluble anticancer drug 2-hydroxyoleic acid (2OHOA) with...