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Université de Fribourg

The immunomodulatory effects of macrolides - a systematic review of the underlying mechanisms

Zimmermann, Petra ; Ziesenitz, Victoria C. ; Curtis, Nigel ; Ritz, Nicole

In: Frontiers in Immunology, 2018, vol. 9, p. -

The mechanisms underlying the non-antimicrobial immunomodulatory properties of macrolides are not well understood.Objectives: To systematically review the evidence for the immunomodulatory properties of macrolides in humans and to describe the underlying mechanism and extent of their influence on the innate and adaptive immune system.Methods: A systematic literature search was done in MEDLINE...

Université de Fribourg

Antimicrobial effects of antipyretics

Zimmermann, Petra ; Curtis, Nigel

In: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 2017, vol. 61, no. 4, p. -

Antipyretics are some of the most commonly used drugs. Since they are often coadministered with antimicrobial therapy, it is important to understand the interactions between these two classes of drugs. Our review is the first to summarize the antimicrobial effects of antipyretic drugs and the underlying mechanisms involved. Antipyretics can inhibit virus replication, inhibit or promote...

Università della Svizzera italiana

The neonatal Fc receptor (FcRn) enhances human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) transcytosis across epithelial cells

Gupta, Sandeep ; Gach, Johannes S. ; Becerra, Juan C. ; Phan, Tran B. ; Pudney, Jeffrey ; Moldoveanu, Zina ; Joseph, Sarah B. ; Landucci, Gary ; Supnet, Medalyn Jude ; Ping, Li-Hua ; Corti, Davide ; Moldt, Brian ; Hel, Zdenek ; Lanzavecchia, Antonio ; Ruprecht, Ruth M. ; Burton, Dennis R. ; Mestecky, Jiri ; Anderson, Deborah J. ; Forthal, Donald N.

In: Plos pathogens, 2013, vol. 9, no. 11, p. e1003776

The mechanisms by which human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) crosses mucosal surfaces to establish infection are unknown. Acidic genital secretions of HIV-1-infected women contain HIV-1 likely coated by antibody. We found that the combination of acidic pH and Env- specific IgG, including that from cervicovaginal and seminal fluids of HIV-1-infected individuals, augmented transcytosis...

Università della Svizzera italiana

The N276 glycosylation site is required for HIV-1 neutralization by the CD4 binding site specific HJ16 monoclonal antibody

Balla-Jhagjhoorsingh, Sunita S. ; Corti, Davide ; Heyndrickx, Leo ; Willems, Elisabeth ; Vereecken, Katleen ; Davis, David ; Vanham, Guido

In: Plos one, 2013, vol. 8, no. 7, p. e68863

Immunogen design for HIV-1 vaccines could be based on epitope identification of naturally occurring neutralizing antibodies in infected patients. A tier 2 neutralizing monoclonal antibody (mAb), HJ16 recognizes a new epitope in the CD4 binding site (CD4bs) region that only partially overlaps with the b12 epitope. We aimed to identify the critical binding site by resistance induction in a...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Systems analysis of MVA-C induced immune response reveals its significance as a vaccine candidate against HIV/AIDS of clade C

Gómez, Carmen Elena ; Perdiguero, Beatriz ; Jiménez, Victoria ; Filali-Mouhim, Abdelali ; Ghneim, Khader ; Haddad, Elias K. ; Quakkerlaar, Esther D. ; Delaloye, Julie ; Harari, Alexandre ; Roger, Thierry ; Dunhen, Thomas ; Sékaly, Rafick P. ; Melief, Cornelis J. M. ; Calandra, Thierry ; Sallusto, Federica ; Lanzavecchia, Antonio ; Wagner, Ralf ; Pantaleo, Giuseppe ; Esteban, Mariano

In: Plos one, 2012, vol. 7, no. 4, p. e35485

Based on the partial efficacy of the HIV/AIDS Thai trial (RV144) with a canarypox vector prime and protein boost, attenuated poxvirus recombinants expressing HIV-1 antigens are increasingly sought as vaccine candidates against HIV/AIDS. Here we describe using systems analysis the biological and immunological characteristics of the attenuated vaccinia virus Ankara strain expressing the HIV-1...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Characterization of variable regions of the Gp120 protein from HIV-1 subtype C virus variants obtained from individuals at different disease stages in Sub-Saharan Africa

Cenci, A. ; Tavoschi, L. ; D'Avenio, G. ; Narino, P. ; Becattini, S. ; Bernasconi, D. ; Chiappi, M. ; La Torre, L. ; Sukati, H. ; Vardas, E. ; Lo Presti, A. ; Cella, E. ; Ciccozzi, M. ; Picconi, O. ; Monini, P. ; Ensoli, B. ; Buttò, S.

In: Journal of AIDS & clinical research, 2012, vol. S8:006, p. 1-10

Background: The development of a vaccine against HIV/AIDS capable of preventing virus infection has been hampered by the HIV envelope (Env) heterogeneity that makes it difficult to induce neutralizing antibodies against Env proteins from different HIV clades. Several studies have indicated that gp120 Env protein sequence tends to change considerably during the course of HIV disease which...