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Université de Fribourg

Parvalbumin: calcium and magnesium buffering in the distal nephron

Olinger, Eric ; Schwaller, Beat ; Loffing, Johannes ; Gailly, Philippe ; Devuys, Olivier

In: Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, 2012, vol. 27, no. 11, p. 3988-3994

Parvalbumin (PV) is a classical member of the EF-hand protein superfamily that has been described as a Ca²⁺ buffer and Ca²⁺ transporter/shuttle protein and may also play an additional role in Mg²⁺ handling. PV is exclusively expressed in the early part of the distal convoluted tubule in the human and mouse kidneys. Recent studies in Pvalb knockout mice revealed a role of PV in...

Université de Fribourg

In vivo nuclear translocation of mineralocorticoid and glucocorticoid receptors in rat kidney: differential effect of corticosteroids along the distal tubule

Ackermann, Daniel ; Gresko, Nikolay ; Carrel, Monique ; Loffing-Cueni, Dominique ; Habermehl, Daniel ; Gomez-Sanchez, Celso ; Rossier, Bernard C. ; Loffing, Johannes

In: American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology, 2011, vol. 299, no. 6, p. F1473-F1485

Aldosterone and corticosterone bind to mineralocorticoid (MR) and glucocorticoid receptors (GR), which, upon ligand binding, are thought to translocate to the cell nucleus to act as transcription factors. Mineralocorticoid selectivity is achieved by the 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 (11β-HSD2) that inactivates 11β-hydroxy glucocorticoids. High expression levels of 11β-HSD2...