Université de Fribourg

Strong contrast in mass and energy balance between a coastal mountain glacier and the Greenland ice sheet

Abermann, Jakob ; As, Dirk Van ; Wacker, Stefan ; Langley, Kirsty ; Machguth, Horst ; Fausto, Robert Schjøtt

In: Journal of Glaciology, 2019, vol. 65, no. 250, p. 263–269

We show a strong difference in surface mass and energy balance of a mountain glacier and two sites on the ice sheet at 64°N in West Greenland using stake and automated weather station observations. Net surface mass balance is on average 2.2 m w.e. less negative at the coast compared with the ice sheet in the same elevation. We find a larger energy turnover at the ice sheet margin on...

Université de Fribourg

A consensus estimate for the ice thickness distribution of all glaciers on Earth

Farinotti, Daniel ; Huss, Matthias ; Fürst, Johannes J. ; Landmann, Johannes ; Machguth, Horst ; Maussion, Fabien ; Pandit, Ankur

In: Nature Geoscience, 2019, vol. 12, no. 3, p. 168–173

Knowledge of the ice thickness distribution of the world’s glaciers is a fundamental prerequisite for a range of studies. Projections of future glacier change, estimates of the available freshwater resources or assessments of potential sea-level rise all need glacier ice thickness to be accurately constrained. Previous estimates of global glacier volumes are mostly based on scaling...

Université de Fribourg

Firn data compilation reveals widespread decrease of firn air content in western Greenland

Vandecrux, Baptiste ; MacFerrin, Michael ; Machguth, Horst ; Colgan, William T. ; As, Dirk van ; Heilig, Achim ; Stevens, C. Max ; Charalampidis, Charalampos ; Fausto, Robert S. ; Morris, Elizabeth M. ; Mosley-Thompson, Ellen ; Koenig, Lora ; Montgomery, Lynn N. ; Miège, Clément ; Simonsen, Sebastian B. ; Ingeman-Nielsen, Thomas ; Box, Jason E.

In: The Cryosphere, 2019, vol. 13, no. 3, p. 845–859

The perennial snow, or firn, on the Greenland ice sheet each summer stores part of the meltwater formed at the surface, buffering the ice sheet’s contribution to sea level. We gathered observations of firn air content, indicative of the space available in the firn to retain meltwater, and find that this air content remained stable in cold regions of the firn over the last 65 years but...

Université de Fribourg

A large impact crater beneath Hiawatha Glacier in northwest Greenland

Kjær, Kurt H. ; Larsen, Nicolaj K. ; Binder, Tobias ; Bjørk, Anders A. ; Eisen, Olaf ; Fahnestock, Mark A. ; Funder, Svend ; Garde, Adam A. ; Haack, Henning ; Helm, Veit ; Houmark-Nielsen, Michael ; Kjeldsen, Kristian K. ; Khan, Shfaqat A. ; Machguth, Horst ; McDonald, Iain ; Morlighem, Mathieu ; Mouginot, Jérémie ; Paden, John D. ; Waight, Tod E. ; Weikusat, Christian ; Willerslev, Eske ; MacGregor, Joseph A.

In: Science Advances, 2018, vol. 4, no. 11, p. eaar8173

We report the discovery of a large impact crater beneath Hiawatha Glacier in northwest Greenland. From airborne radar surveys, we identify a 31-kilometer-wide, circular bedrock depression beneath up to a kilometer of ice. This depression has an elevated rim that cross-cuts tributary subglacial channels and a subdued central uplift that appears to be actively eroding. From ground...

Université de Fribourg

A snow density dataset for improving surface boundary conditions in greenland ice sheet firn modeling

Fausto, Robert S. ; Box, Jason E. ; Vandecrux, Baptiste ; As, Dirk van ; Steffen, Konrad ; MacFerrin, Michael J. ; Machguth, Horst ; Colgan, William ; Koenig, Lora S. ; McGrath, Daniel ; Charalampidis, Charalampos ; Braithwaite, Roger J.

In: Frontiers in Earth Science, 2018, vol. 6, p. -

The surface snow density of glaciers and ice sheets is of fundamental importance in converting volume to mass in both altimetry and surface mass balance studies, yet it is often poorly constrained. Site-specific surface snow densities are typically derived from empirical relations based on temperature and wind speed. These parameterizations commonly calculate the average density of the top...

Université de Fribourg

Numerical reconstructions of the flow and basal conditions of the Rhine glacier, European Central Alps, at the Last Glacial Maximum

Cohen, Denis ; Gillet-Chaulet, Fabien ; Haeberli, Wilfried ; Machguth, Horst ; Fischer, Urs H.

In: The Cryosphere, 2018, vol. 12, no. 8, p. 2515–2544

At the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), the Rhine glacier in the Swiss Alps covered an area of about 16000km2. As part of an integrative study about the safety of repositories for radioactive waste under ice age conditions in Switzerland, we modeled the Rhine glacier using a thermodynamically coupled three-dimensional, transient Stokes flow and heat transport model down to a horizontal resolution...

Université de Fribourg

Elevation changes of the Holm Land Ice Cap, northeast Greenland, from 1978 to 2012–2015, derived from high-resolution digital elevation models

Albedyll, Luisa von ; Machguth, Horst ; Nussbaumer, Samuel U. ; Zemp, Michael

In: Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, 2018, vol. 50, no. 1, p. e1523638

Greenland’s peripheral glaciers and ice caps are key indicators of climate change in the Arctic, but quantitative observational data of their recent evolution are sparse. Three recently released high-resolution digital elevation models (DEMs)—AeroDEM (based on images from 1978 to 1987), ArcticDEM (2012–2015), and TanDEM-X (2010–2014)—provide the possibility to calculate elevation...

Université de Fribourg

Changes in Greenland’s peripheral glaciers linked to the North Atlantic Oscillation

Bjørk?, A. A. ; Aagaard, S. ; Lütt, A. ; Khan, S. A. ; Box, J. E. ; Kjeldsen?, K. K. ; Larsen, N. K. ; Korsgaard?, N. J. ; Cappelen, J. ; Colgan, W. T. ; Machguth, Horst ; Andresen, C. S. ; Peings, Y. ; Kjær, K. H.

In: Nature Climate Change, 2018, vol. 8, no. 1, p. 48–52

Glaciers and ice caps peripheral to the main Greenland Ice Sheet contribute markedly to sea-level rise1,2,3. Their changes and variability, however, have been difficult to quantify on multi-decadal timescales due to an absence of long-term data4. Here, using historical aerial surveys, expedition photographs, spy satellite imagery and new remote-sensing products, we map glacier length...

Université de Fribourg

Assessment of evolution and risks of glacier lake outbursts in the Djungarskiy Alatau, Central Asia, using Landsat imagery and glacier bed topography modelling

Kapitsa, Vassiliy ; Shahgedanova, Maria ; Machguth, Horst ; Severskiy, Igor ; Medeu, Akhmetkal

In: Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 2017, vol. 17, no. 10, p. 1837–1856

Changes in the abundance and area of mountain lakes in the Djungarskiy (Jetysu) Alatau between 2002 and 2014 were investigated using Landsat imagery. The number of lakes increased by 6.2 % from 599 to 636 with a growth rate of 0.51 % a−1. The combined areas were 16.26 ± 0.85 to 17.35 ± 0.92 km2 respectively and the overall change was within the uncertainty of measurements....