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Université de Fribourg

Direct and indirect effects of training vouchers for the unemployed

Huber, Martin ; Lechner, Michael ; Strittmatter, Anthony

In: Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series A, 2018, vol. 181, no. 2, p. 441-463

This paper evaluates the effects of awarding vouchers for vocational training on the employment outcomes of unemployed voucher recipients in Germany, as well as the potential mechanism through which they operate. This study assesses the direct effects of voucher assignment net of actual redemption, which may be driven by preference shaping and learning about possible human capital investments...

Université de Fribourg

Do German Welfare-to-Work Programmes Reduce Welfare Dependency and Increase Employment?

Huber, Martin ; Lechner, Michael ; Wunsch, Conny ; Walter, Thomas

In: German economic review, 2011, vol. 12, no. 2, p. 182-204

During the last decade, many Western economies reformed their welfare systems with the aim of activating welfare recipients by increasing welfare-to-work programmes (WTWP) and job-search enforcement. We evaluate the short-term effects of three important German WTWP implemented after a major reform in January 2005 (‘Hartz IV’), namely short training, further training with a planned...

Université de Fribourg

Does leaving welfare improve health? Evidence for Germany

Huber, Martin ; Lechner, Michael ; Wunsch, Conny

In: Health economics, 2011, vol. 20, no. 4, p. 484-504

Using exceptionally rich linked administrative and survey information on German welfare recipients we investigate the health effects of transitions from welfare to employment and of assignments to welfare-to-work programmes. Applying semi- parametric propensity score matching estimators we find that employment substantially increases (mental) health. The positive effects are mainly driven by ...

Université de Fribourg

The Effect of Firms' Phased Retirement Policies on the Labor Market Outcomes of Their Employees

Huber, Martin ; Lechner, Michael ; Wunsch, Conny

In: ILR review, 2016, vol. 69, no. 5, p. 1216-1248

In this article, the authors assess the impact of firms’ offering a special form of phased retirement on their male employees’ labor market outcomes. The program aims at smoothing the transition from work to retirement and at decreasing costs in the public pension and unemployment insurance schemes through an increase in employment of elderly workers who otherwise would have exited...

Université de Fribourg

The performance of estimators based on the propensity score

Huber, Martin ; Lechner, Michael ; Wunsch, Conny

In: Journal of econometrics, 2013, vol. 175, no. 1, p. 1-21

We investigate the finite sample properties of a large number of estimators for the average treatment effect on the treated that are suitable when adjustment for observed covariates is required, like inverse probability weighting, kernel and other variants of matching, as well as different parametric models. The simulation design used is based on real data usually employed for the evaluation...

Université de Fribourg

Why do tougher caseworkers increase employment? : The role of programme assignment as a causal mechanism

Huber , Martin ; Lechner, Michael ; Mellace, Giovanni

In: Review of economics and statistics, 2017, vol. 99, no. 1, p. 180-183

Previous research found that less accommodating caseworkers are more success- ful in placing unemployed workers into employment. This paper explores the causal mechanisms behind this result using semiparametric mediation analysis. Analysing rich linked jobseeker-caseworker data for Switzerland, we find that the positive employment effects of less accommodating caseworkers are not driven by a ...

Université de Fribourg

Workplace health promotion and labour market performance of employees

Huber, Martin ; Lechner, Michael ; Wunsch, Conny

In: Journal of health economics, 2015, vol. 43, p. 170-189

This paper investigates the average effects of (firm-provided) workplace health promotion measures in form of the analysis of sickness absenteeism and health circles/courses on labour market out- comes of the firms’ employees. Exploiting linked employer-employee panel data that consist of rich survey- based and administrative information on firms, workers and regions, we apply a flexible...