Université de Fribourg

The case of GWAS of obesity: does body weight control play by the rules?

Müller, Manfred J. ; Geisler, Corinna ; Blundell, John ; Dulloo, Abdul ; Schutz, Yves ; Krawczak, Michael ; Bosy-Westphal, Anja ; Enderle, Janna ; Heymsfield, Steven B.

In: International Journal of Obesity, 2018, vol. 42, no. 8, p. 1395–1405

As yet, genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have not added much to our understanding of the mechanisms of body weight control and of the etiology of obesity. This shortcoming is widely attributed to the complexity of the issues. The appeal of this explanation notwithstanding, we surmise that (i) an oversimplification of the phenotype (namely by the use of crude anthropometric traits) and...

Université de Fribourg

Cardiovascular and metabolic responses to the ingestion of caffeinated herbal tea: drink it hot or cold?

Maufrais, Claire ; Sarafian, Delphine ; Dulloo, Abdul ; Montani, Jean-Pierre

In: Frontiers in Physiology, 2018, vol. 9, p. -

Tea is usually consumed at two temperatures (as hot tea or as iced tea). However, the importance of drink temperature on the cardiovascular system and on metabolism has not been thoroughly investigated. The purpose of this study was to compare the cardiovascular, metabolic and cutaneous responses to the ingestion of caffeinated herbal tea (Yerba Mate) at cold or hot temperature in healthy...

Université de Fribourg

Divergent effects of oxytocin treatment of obese diabetic mice on adiposity and diabetes

Altirriba, Jordi ; Poher, Anne-Laure ; Caillon, Aurélie ; Arsenijevic, Denis ; Veyrat-Durebex, Christelle ; Lyautey, Jacqueline ; Dulloo, Abdul ; Rohner-Jeanrenaud, Françoise

In: Endocrinology, 2014, vol. 155, no. 11, p. 4189–4201

Oxytocin has been suggested as a novel therapeutic against obesity, because it induces weight loss and improves glucose tolerance in diet-induced obese rodents. A recent clinical pilot study confirmed the oxytocin-induced weight-reducing effect in obese nondiabetic subjects. Nevertheless, the mechanisms involved and the impact on the main comorbidity associated with obesity, type 2 diabetes, are...

Université de Fribourg

Cardiovascular responses to the ingestion of sugary drinks using a randomised cross-over study design: does glucose attenuate the blood pressure-elevating effect of fructose?

Grasser, Erik K. ; Dulloo, Abdul ; Montani, Jean-Pierre

In: British Journal of Nutrition, 2014, vol. 112, no. 02, p. 183–192

Overconsumption of sugar-sweetened beverages has been implicated in the pathogenesis of CVD. The objective of the present study was to elucidate acute haemodynamic and microcirculatory responses to the ingestion of sugary drinks made from sucrose, glucose or fructose at concentrations similar to those often found in commercial soft drinks. In a randomised cross-over study design, twelve young...