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Université de Neuchâtel

Family farming and gendered division of labour on the move: a typology of farming-family configurations

Forney, Jérémie

In: Agriculture and Human Values, 2017, vol. 34, no. 1, p. 27-40

Family farming, understood as a household which combines family, farm and commercial activity, still represents the backbone of the world’s agriculture. On family farms, labour division has generally been based on complementarity between persons of different gender and generations, resulting in specific male and female spheres and tasks. In this ‘traditional’ labour division, gender...

Université de Neuchâtel

Blind spots in agri-environmental governance: some reflections and suggestions from Switzerland

Forney, Jérémie

In: Review of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Studies, 2016, vol. 97, no. 1, p. 1

Attempts of making our food systems more sustainable have (partly) failed. Food production still contributes significantly to biodiversity losses, global warming and depletion of natural resources. Based on the postulation that this failure in the governance of environmental issues in agri-food systems relates notably to social and cultural aspects, this paper explores the literature in the...

Université de Neuchâtel

Le clair-obscur : (arrêt 4A_330/2017)

Bohnet, François

In:, 2018, no. Mars, p. 1-4

Université de Fribourg

Extended-spectrum β-lactamase/AmpC- and carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in animals: a threat for humans?

Madec, Jean-Yves ; Haenni, Marissa ; Nordmann, Patrice ; Poirel, Laurent

In: Clinical Microbiology and Infection, 2017, vol. 23, no. 11, p. 826–833

There has been a great and long-term concern that extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)/AmpC- and carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae occurring in animals may constitute a public-health issue. A large number of factors with complex interrelations contribute to the spread of those bacteria among animals and humans. ESBL/AmpC- or carbapenemase-encoding genes are most often located on...

Université de Fribourg

Athens, Thebes and Plataia and the end of the sixth century BCE

Van Wijk, Roy

In: Journal of Ancient History, 2017, p. 179-204

One of the key events in the relations between the Athenians and Thebans was the Plataian decision to align themselves with the Athenians at the end of the sixth century BCE. This decision shook up the contemporary political landscape and proved to be a source of hostility between the two neighbouring polities throughout the fifth and fourth centuries. The orthodox view holds that the original...

Université de Neuchâtel

Coupling X-ray computed tomography and freeze-coring for the analysis of fine-grained low-cohesive soils

Liernur, Adrien ; Schomburg, Andreas ; Turberg, Pascal ; Guenat, Claire ; Le Bayon, Renée-Claire ; Brunner, Philip

In: Geoderma, 2017, vol. 308, p. 171-186

This paper presents the coupling of freeze-core sampling with X-ray CT scanning for the analysis of the soil structure of fine-grained, low-cohesive soils. We used a medical scanner to image the 3D soil structure of the frozen soil cores, providing X-ray CT data at a millimetric resolution over freeze-cores that are up to 62.5 cm long and 25 cm wide. The obtained data and the changes in gray...

Université de Neuchâtel

Subordinate plant species moderate drought effects on earthworm communities in grasslands

Mariotte, Pierre ; Le Bayon, Renée Claire ; Eisenhauer, Nico ; Guenat, Claire ; Buttler, Alexandre

In: Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 2016, vol. 96, p. 119-126

Loss of plant diversity resulting from forecasted drought events is likely to alter soil functioning and affect earthworm communities. Plant-soil interactions are expected to play an important role in mediating climate change effects on soil decomposers. In this study, we test above-belowground linkages after drought by focusing on the effects of subordinate plant species on earthworm...

Université de Neuchâtel

Protection of natural resources through a sacred prohibition : the rahui on Rapa iti

Ghasarian, Christian

In: The Rahui : legal pluralism in Polynesian traditional management of resources and territories, 2016, p. 139-153

The management of natural resources implies conceptions of ownership and property that provide precious information on the way a society perceives itself. Established moralities on the matter are sometimes sustained by a sacredness that reinforces the values and principles at stake. In the case of ideological and environmental change, the sacred conceptions most of the time adjust to new ...

Université de Fribourg

Zwischen Barrierefreiheit, Aktivierung und Marktradikalismus: Der Zugang zum Arbeitsmarkt durch die Invalidenversicherung

Tschanz, Christoph

In: Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Heilpädagogik, 2017, no. 3, p. 27-35

Es ist ein erklärtes Ziel der Invalidenversicherung, die Eingliederung in den Arbeitsmarkt anderen Lösungen vorzuziehen. Dementsprechend könnte man einen barrierefreien Zugang zum Arbeitsmarkt für alle erwarten. Verglichen mit anderen westlichen Ländern haben in der Schweiz Menschen mit einer Behinderung aber nur wenig Rechte bezüglich Arbeitsmarktintegration. Die Verantwortung scheint...