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Université de Fribourg

Sozialkontrolle und Bekämpfung von politischem Extremismus : Was halten Schweizerinnen und Schweizer davon?

Staubli, Silvia

In:, 2019, vol. 2, no. 5, p. Article: 2.5

In den letzten Jahren wurde viel in die Erforschung von Radikalisierung und in Massnahmen zur Bekämpfung von Extremismus und Terrorismus investiert. Dies geht einher mit einer zunehmenden Sozialkontrolle, welche sich unter anderem in Gesetzesverschärfungen äussert. Was aber die Schweizer Bevölkerung von solchen Massnahmen hält, wurde bis anhin nur rudimentär erforscht. Relativ unklar...

Université de Fribourg

The Pathway to Defection from Extremist Groups : Confronting the Disengagement Process of a Jihadi Foreign Fighter and a Right-Wing Extremist

Eser Davolio, Miryam ; Villiger, Carole

In:, 2019, vol. 2, no. 4, p. Article: 2.4

The aim of our article is to analyse the disengagement process of a Swiss returnee from Syria and the emergence of dissonances during his involvement with the Islamic State (IS) and to compare this evolution to the pathway of a right-wing extremist willing to leave the violent extremist group Blood & Honour. Although the contexts of these extremist groups are very different, a number of elements...

Université de Fribourg

Leaving peace for war : An exploratory study of Swiss men’s trajectories toward engagement in Arab conflicts

Ajil, Ahmed

In:, 2019, vol. 2, no. 3, p. Article: 2.3

While the issue of foreign fighting has been very present in Swiss public discourse in recent years, little is known about the actual trajectories of young men who engage in this particular form of political violence. Based primarily on face-to-face in-depth interviews with four Swiss male nationals who travelled to conflict zones in the Arab World, the present analysis offers insights into the...

Université de Fribourg

Background of Jihadist Radicalisation and Measures for Prevention and Intervention in Switzerland

Eser Davolio, Miryam

In:, 2019, vol. 2, no. 2, p. Article: 2.2

This paper presents a development overview of prevention strategies in a federalist context. It builds on the results of the study on the backgrounds of jihadist radicali-sation and the prevention strategies adopted in Switzerland (Eser Davolio and Re-ther 2019) as well as the measures outlined in the Swiss National Action Plan to Prevent and Counter Radicalisation. The methodological approach...

Université de Fribourg

Editorial - Extremismus

Staubli, Silvia ; Nollert, Michael ; Budowski, Monika

In:, 2019, vol. 2, no. 1, p. Article: 2.1

Université de Fribourg

The Korea discount and chaebols

Ducret, Romain ; Isakov, Dušan

(Working Papers SES ; 511)

Finance practitioners frequently claim that stocks of Korean firms are undervalued and trade at a discount relative to foreign firms. This phenomenon is commonly called «the Korea discount». It is based on anecdotal evidence comparing either the price- earnings ratios of different market indexes or those of different individual stocks. This paper provides empirical evidence on the existence...

Université de Fribourg

The patent buyout price for Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) vaccine and the ratio of R&D costs to the patent value

Songane, Mario ; Grossmann, Volker

(Working Papers SES ; 510)

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is responsible for almost all of the 530,000 new cases of cervical cancer and approximately 266,000 deaths per year. HPV vaccination is an integral component of the World Health Organization’s global strategy to fight the disease. However, high vaccine prices enforced through patent protection are limiting vaccine expansion, particularly in low- and middle-income...

Université de Fribourg

Patenting government funded innovations as a strategy to increase budget for academic vaccine R&D

Songane, Mario

(Working Papers SES ; 509)

Vaccine development is a lengthy, expensive and risky venture, with the research and development (R&D) process costing billions of dollars. The pre-clinical stage of vaccine R&D is largely performed by academic research institutions, then continued by the pharmaceutical industry though licensing agreements, taking the most promising candidates to the clinical testing stage. Governments play a...

Université de Fribourg

Direct and indirect effects based on changes-in-changes

Huber, Martin ; Schelker, Mark ; Strittmatter, Anthony

(Working Papers SES ; 508)

We propose a novel approach for causal mediation analysis based on changes-in- changes assumptions restricting unobserved heterogeneity over time. This allows disentangling the causal effect of a binary treatment on a continuous outcome into an indirect effect operating through a binary intermediate variable (called mediator) and a direct effect running via other causal mechanisms. We...