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Université de Neuchâtel

"Un set de plus à table" : Entre accueil familial de jeunes migrant-e-s et mobilisation sociale

Wüest, Larissa ; Fresia, Marion (Dir.) ; Zittoun, Tania (Codir.)

Mémoire de master : Université de Neuchâtel, 2019 ; 900/447.

Résumé fourni par l'auteure : Dans le cadre de cette étude, je me suis intéressée au projet bénévole « un set de plus à table » mis en place par le Service social international (SSI). Ce projet relie des jeunes migrant.e.s à des habitant.e.s du canton de Genève, qui sont des entités relais, c’est-à-dire des familles avec enfants (ou dont les enfants ne vivent plus sous le...

Université de Fribourg

Students' Problem Behaviors as Sources of Teacher Stress in Special Needs Schools for Individuals With Intellectual Disabilities

Amstad, Meta ; Müller, Christoph M.

In: Frontiers in Education, 2020, vol. 4, p. 1-11

Students with intellectual disabilities in special needs schools often exhibit high levels of problem behaviors. Besides of the challenges for the concerned individuals, peers, and their caregivers, problem behaviors can also be a source of stress for teachers. However, less is known on which exact behaviors are perceived as how stressful in special needs schools for students with intellectual...

Université de Fribourg

Computational network biology: Data, models, and applications

Liu, Chuang ; Ma, Yifang ; Zhao, Jing ; Nussinov, Ruth ; Zhang, Yi-Cheng ; Cheng, Feixiong ; Zhang, Zi-Ke

In: Physics Reports, 2020, vol. 846, p. 1–66

Biological entities are involved in intricate and complex interactions, in which uncovering the biological information from the network concepts are of great significance. Benefiting from the advances of network science and high-throughput biomedical technologies, studying the biological systems from network biology has attracted much attention in recent years, and networks have long been...

Université de Fribourg

Revealing Hund’s multiplets in Mott insulators under strong electric fields

Dasari, Nagamalleswararao ; Li, Jiajun ; Werner, Philipp ; Eckstein, Martin

In: Physical Review B, 2020, vol. 101, no. 16, p. 161107

We investigate the strong-field dynamics of a paramagnetic two-band Mott insulator using real-time dynamical mean-field theory. We demonstrate that strong electric fields can lead to a transient localization of electrons. This nonequilibrium quantum effect allows us to reveal specific signatures of local correlations in the time-resolved photoemission spectrum. In particular, we demonstrate...

Université de Fribourg

Photoenhanced excitonic correlations in a Mott insulator with nonlocal interactions

Bittner, Nikolaj ; Golež, Denis ; Eckstein, Martin ; Werner, Philipp

In: Physical Review B, 2020, vol. 101, no. 8, p. 085127

We investigate the effect of nonlocal interactions on the photodoped Mott insulating state of the two-dimensional Hubbard model using a nonequilibrium generalization of the dynamical cluster approximation. In particular, we compare the situation where the excitonic states are lying within the continuum of doublon-holon excitations to a setup where the excitons appear within the Mott gap. In...

Université de Fribourg

Local Berry curvature signatures in dichroic angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy from two-dimensional materials

Schüler, Michael ; Giovannini, Umberto De ; Hübener, Hannes ; Rubio, Angel ; Sentef, Michael A. ; Werner, Philipp

In: Science Advances, 2020, vol. 6, no. 9, p. eaay2730

Topologically nontrivial two-dimensional materials hold great promise for next- generation optoelectronic applications. However, measuring the Hall or spin-Hall response is often a challenge and practically limited to the ground state. An experimental technique for tracing the topological character in a differential fashion would provide useful insights. In this work, we show that circular...

Université de Fribourg

Imaging magnetic nanoparticle distributions by atomic magnetometry-based susceptometry

Colombo, Simone ; Lebedev, Victor ; Tonyushkin, Alexey ; Pengue, Simone ; Weis, Antoine

In: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging, 2020, vol. 39, no. 4, p. 922–933

We introduce a Magnetic Particle Imaging Susceptometer (MPIS) that uses a high- sensitivity atomic magnetometer (AM) for recording the spatial distribution of fluid- suspended magnetic nanoparticles. We have evaluated the MPIS performance by one-dimensional scans of structured nanoparticle phantoms, demonstrating, in particular, resolutions of ≈2.5 mm prior to deconvolution and ≪1 mm after ...

Université de Fribourg

Variations of the Herschel–Bulkley exponent reflecting contributions of the viscous continuous phase to the shear rate-dependent stress of soft glassy materials

Caggioni, Marco ; Trappe, Veronique ; Spicer, Patrick T.

In: Journal of Rheology, 2020, vol. 64, no. 2, p. 413–422

We explore the flow behavior of concentrated emulsions for which the viscosity of the continuous phase can be significantly varied by changing the temperature. The exponents obtained by fitting the shear rate-dependent stress with the popular Herschel–Bulkley (HB) model display a systematic dependence on the viscosity of the continuous phase, revealing that viscous dissipation via the...