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Università della Svizzera italiana

Expression of CXCL12 receptors in B cells from Mexican Mestizos patients with systemic lupus erythematosus

Biajoux, Vincent ; Bignon, Alexandre ; Freitas, Christelle ; Martinez, Valérie ; Thelen, Marcus ; Lima, Guadalupe ; Jakez-Ocampo, Juan ; Emilie, Dominique ; Llorente, Luis ; Balabanian, Karl

In: Journal of translational medicine, 2012, vol. 10, no. 1, p. 251-267

Background: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by B-cell hyperreactivity and the production of pathogenic anti-nuclear- directed auto-antibodies (Abs). B-cell ontogeny is partly dependent on the CXCL12/CXCR4 axis for which the contribution to SLE pathogenesis remains unclear. CXCR7, the novel receptor for CXCL12, is differentially expressed among...

Università della Svizzera italiana

CCR2 acts as scavenger for CCL2 during monocyte chemotaxis

Volpe, Silvia ; Cameroni, Elisabetta ; Moepps, Barbara ; Thelen, Sylvia ; Apuzzo, Tiziana ; Thelen, Marcus

In: Plos one, 2012, vol. 7, no. 5, p. e37208

Background: Leukocyte migration is essential for effective host defense against invading pathogens and during immune homeostasis. A hallmark of the regulation of this process is the presentation of chemokines in gradients stimulating leukocyte chemotaxis via cognate chemokine receptors. For efficient migration, receptor responsiveness must be maintained whilst the cells crawl on cell surfaces...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Enhancement of chemokine function as an immunomodulatory strategy employed by human herpesviruses

Viejo-Borbolla, Abel ; Martinez-Martín, Nadia ; Nel, Hendrik J. ; Rueda, Patricia ; Martín, Rocío ; Blanco, Soledad ; Arenzana-Seisdedos, Fernando ; Thelen, Marcus ; Fallon, Padraic G. ; Alcamí, Antonio

In: Plos pathogens, 2012, vol. 8, no. 2, p. e1002497

Herpes simplex virus (HSV) types 1 and 2 are highly prevalent human neurotropic pathogens that cause a variety of diseases, including lethal encephalitis. The relationship between HSV and the host immune system is one of the main determinants of the infection outcome. Chemokines play relevant roles in antiviral response and immunopathology, but the modulation of chemokine function by HSV is...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Redox-mediated mechanisms fuel monocyte responses to CXCL12/HMGB1 in active rheumatoid arthritis

Cecchinato, Valentina ; D'Agostino, Gianluca ; Raeli, Lorenzo ; Nerviani, Alessandra ; Schiraldi, Milena ; Danelon, Gabriela ; Manzo, Antonio ; Thelen, Marcus ; Ciurea, Adrian ; Bianchi, Marco E. ; Rubartelli, Anna ; Pitzalis, Costantino ; Uguccioni, Mariagrazia

In: Frontiers in immunology, 2018, vol. 9, p. 2118

Chemokine synergy-inducing molecules are emerging as regulating factors in cell migration. The alarmin HMGB1, in its reduced form, can complex with CXCL12 enhancing its activity on monocytes via the chemokine receptor CXCR4, while the form containing a disulfide bond, by binding to TLR2 or TLR4, initiates a cascade of events leading to production of cytokines and chemokines. So far, the...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Polarization of migrating monocytic cells is independent of PI 3-Kinase activity

Volpe, Silvia ; Thelen, Sylvia ; Pertel. Thomas ; Lohse, Martin J. ; Thelen, Marcus

In: Plos one, 2010, vol. 5, no. 4, p. e10159

Background: Migration of mammalian cells is a complex cell type and environment specific process. Migrating hematopoietic cells assume a rapid amoeboid like movement when exposed to gradients of chemoattractants. The underlying signaling mechanisms remain controversial with respect to localization and distribution of chemotactic receptors within the plasma membrane and the role of PI 3-kinase...

Università della Svizzera italiana

CXCR7 functions as a scavenger for CXCL12 and CXCL11

Naumann, Ulrike ; Cameroni, Elisabetta ; Pruenster, Monika ; Mahabaleshwar, Harsha ; Raz, Erez ; Zerwes, Hans-Günter ; Rot, Antal ; Thelen, Marcus

In: Plos one, 2010, vol. 5, no. 2, p. e9175

Background: CXCR7 (RDC1), the recently discovered second receptor for CXCL12, is phylogenetically closely related to chemokine receptors, but fails to couple to G-proteins and to induce typical chemokine receptor mediated cellular responses. The function of CXCR7 is controversial. Some studies suggest a signaling activity in mammalian cells and zebrafish embryos, while others indicate a decoy...

Università della Svizzera italiana

HMGB1 promotes recruitment of inflammatory cells to damaged tissues by forming a complex with CXCL12 and signaling via CXCR4

Schiraldi, Milena ; Raucci, Angela ; Martínez Muñoz, Laura ; Livoti, Elsa ; Celona, Barbara ; Venereau, Emilie ; Apuzzo, Tiziana ; De Marchis, Francesco ; Pedotti, Mattia ; Bachi, Angela ; Thelen, Marcus ; Varani, Luca ; Mellado, Mario ; Proudfoot, Amanda ; Bianchi, Marco Emilio ; Uguccioni, Mariagrazia

In: The journal of experimental medicine, 2012, vol. 209, no. 3, p. 551-563

After tissue damage, inflammatory cells infiltrate the tissue and release proinflammatory cytokines. HMGB1 (high mobility group box 1), a nuclear protein released by necrotic and severely stressed cells, promotes cytokine release via its interaction with the TLR4 (Toll-like receptor 4) receptor and cell migration via an unknown mechanism. We show that HMGB1- induced recruitment of inflammatory...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Cxcl12 evolution – subfunctionalization of a ligand through altered interaction with the chemokine receptor

Boldajipour, Bijan ; Doitsidou, Maria ; Tarbashevich, Katsiaryna ; Laguri, Cedric ; Yu, Shuizi Rachel ; Ries, Jonas ; Dumstrei, Karin ; Thelen, Sylvia ; Dörries, Julia ; Messerschmidt, Esther-Maria ; Thelen, Marcus ; Schwille, Petra ; Brand, Michael ; Lortat-Jacob, Hugues ; Raz, Erez

In: Development, 2011, vol. 138, no. 14, p. 2909-2914

The active migration of primordial germ cells (PGCs) from their site of specification towards their target is a valuable model for investigating directed cell migration within the complex environment of the developing embryo. In several vertebrates, PGC migration is guided by Cxcl12, a member of the chemokine superfamily. Interestingly, two distinct Cxcl12 paralogs are expressed in zebrafish...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Chemokines : chemistry, biochemistry and biological function

Legler, Daniel F. ; Thelen, Marcus

In: Chimia : International journal for chemistry, 2016, vol. 70, no. 12, p. 856-859

The in vitro synthesis of correctly folded functional proteins remains challenging. Chemokines, which consist of only 70–100 amino acids, are accessible through solid- phase synthesis and easily fold into a thermally stable tertiary structure. From the time of their discovery in the late 1980s chemokines could therefore be synthesized using biochemical and chemical protocols for...