Université de Fribourg

Parvalbumin expression in oligodendrocyte-like CG4 cells causes a reduction in mitochondrial volume, attenuation in reactive oxygen species production and a decrease in cell processes’ length and branching

Lichvarova, Lucia ; Blum, Walter ; Schwaller, Beat ; Szabolcsi, Viktoria

In: Scientific Reports, 2019, vol. 9, no. 1, p. 10603

Forebrain glial cells - ependymal cells and astrocytes -acquire upon injury- a “reactive” phenotype associated with parvalbumin (PV) upregulation. Since free radicals, e.g. reactive oxygen species (ROS) play a role in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis, and that PV-upregulation in glial cells is inversely correlated with the level of oxidative stress, we hypothesized that...

Université de Fribourg

The orbitofrontal cortex projects to the parvafox nucleus of the ventrolateral hypothalamus and to its targets in the ventromedial periaqueductal grey matter

Babalian, Alexandre ; Eichenberger, Simone ; Bilella, Alessandro ; Girard, Franck ; Szabolcsi, Viktoria ; Roccaro, Diana ; Alvarez-Bolado, Gonzalo ; Xu, Chun ; Celio, Marco R.

In: Brain Structure and Function, 2019, vol. 224, no. 1, p. 293–314

Although connections between the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC)—the seat of high cognitive functions—the lateral hypothalamus and the periaqueductal grey (PAG) have been recognized in the past, the precise targets of the descending fibres have not been identified. In the present study, viral tracer-transport experiments revealed neurons of the lateral (LO) and the ventrolateral (VLO) OFC...

Université de Fribourg

Parvalbumin-expressing ependymal cells in rostral lateral ventricle wall adhesions contribute to aging-related ventricle stenosis in mice

Filice, Federica ; Celio, Marco R. ; Babalian, Alexandre ; Blum, Walter ; Szabolcsi, Viktoria

In: Journal of Comparative Neurology, 2017, vol. 525, no. 15, p. 3266–3285

Aging-associated ependymal-cell pathologies can manifest as ventricular gliosis, ventricle enlargement, or ventricle stenosis. Ventricle stenosis and fusion of the lateral ventricle (LV) walls is associated with a massive decline of the proliferative capacities of the stem cell niche in the affected subventricular zone (SVZ) in aging mice. We examined the brains of adult C57BL/6 mice and...

Université de Fribourg

Parvalbumin-neurons of the ventrolateral hypothalamic parvafox nucleus receive a glycinergic input: a gene-microarray study

Szabolcsi, Viktoria ; Albisetti, Gioele W. ; Celio, Marco R.

In: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience, 2017, vol. 10, p. -

The ventrolateral hypothalamic parvafox (formerly called PV1-Foxb1) nucleus is an anatomical entity of recent discovery and unknown function. With a view to gaining an insight into its putative functional role(s), we conducted a gene-microarray analysis and, armed with the forthcoming data, controlled the results with the Allen databases and the murine BrainStars (B*) database. The parvafox...