Università della Svizzera italiana

Phenotype and specificity of T cells in primary human cytomegalovirus infection during pregnancy : IL-7Rpos long-term memory phenotype is associated with protection from vertical transmission

Mele, Federico ; Fornara, Chiara ; Jarrossay, David ; Furione, Milena ; Arossa, Alessia ; Spinillo, Arsenio ; Lanzavecchia, Antonio ; Gerna, Giuseppe ; Sallusto, Federica ; Lilleri, Daniele

In: Plos one, 2017, vol. 12, no. 11, p. e0187731

Congenital human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection is the major cause of birth defects and a precise definition of the HCMV-specific T-cell response in primary infection may help define reliable correlates of immune protection during pregnancy. In this study, a high throughput method was used to define the frequency of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells specific for four HCMV proteins in the naïve...

Università della Svizzera italiana

ERK phosphorylation and miR-181a expression modulate activation of human memory TH17 cells

Mele, Federico ; Basso, Camilla ; Leoni, Cristina ; Aschenbrenner, Dominik ; Becattini, Simone ; Latorre, Daniela ; Lanzavecchia, Antonio ; Sallusto, Federica ; Monticelli, Silvia

In: Nature communications, 2015, vol. 6, p. 6431

T helper (TH) cell polarization during priming is modulated by a number of signals, but whether polarization to a given phenotype also influences recall responses of memory TH cells is relatively unknown. Here we show that miR-181a is selectively induced in both human and mouse naive T cells differentiating into the TH17, but not TH1 or TH2 subset. In human memory TH17 cells, miR-181a...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Memory T cells in latent mycobacterium tuberculosis infection are directed against three antigenic islands and largely contained in a CXCR3+CCR6+ Th1 subset

Lindestam Arlehamn, Cecilia S. ; Gerasimova, Anna ; Mele, Federico ; Henderson, Ryan ; Swann, Justine ; Greenbaum, Jason A. ; Kim, Yohan ; Sidney, John ; James, Eddie A. ; Taplitz, Randy ; McKinney, Denise M. ; Kwok, William W. ; Grey, Howard ; Sallusto, Federica ; Peters, Bjoern ; Sette, Alessandro

In: Plos pathogens, 2013, vol. 9, no. 1, p. e1003130

An understanding of the immunological footprint of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) CD4 T cell recognition is still incomplete. Here we report that human Th1 cells specific for MTB are largely contained in a CXCR3+CCR6+ memory subset and highly focused on three broadly immunodominant antigenic islands, all related to bacterial secretion systems. Our results refute the notion that secreted...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Immunological consequences of intragenus conservation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis T-cell epitopes

Lindestam Arlehamn, Cecilia S. ; Paul, Sinu ; Mele, Federico ; Huang, Charlie ; Greenbaum, Jason A. ; Vita, Randi ; Sidney, John ; Peters, Bjoern ; Sallusto, Federica ; Sette, Alessandro

In: Proceedings of the national academy of sciences of the United States of America, 2015, vol. 112, no. 2, p. E147-E155

A previous unbiased genome-wide analysis of CD4 Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) recognition using peripheral blood mononuclear cells from individuals with latent MTB infection (LTBI) or nonexposed healthy controls (HCs) revealed that certain MTB sequences were unexpectedly recognized by HCs. In the present study, it was found that, based on their pattern of reactivity, epitopes could be...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Human IFN-γ immunity to mycobacteria is governed by both IL-12 and IL-23

Markle, Janet G. ; Martínez-Barricarte, Rubén ; Ma, Cindy S. ; Deenick, Elissa K. ; Ramírez-Alejo, Noé ; Mele, Federico ; Latorre, Daniela ; Mahdaviani, Seyed Alireza ; Aytekin, Caner ; Mansouri, Davood ; Bryant, Vanessa L. ; Jabot-Hanin, Fabienne ; Deswarte, Caroline ; Nieto-Patlán, Alejandro ; Surace, Laura ; Kerner, Gaspard ; Itan, Yuval ; Jovic, Sandra ; Avery, Danielle T. ; Wong, Natalie ; Rao, Geetha ; Patin, Etienne ; Okada, Satoshi ; Bigio, Benedetta ; Boisson, Bertrand ; Rapaport, Franck ; Seeleuthner, Yoann ; Schmidt, Monika ; Ikinciogullari, Aydan ; Dogu, Figen ; Tanir, Gonul ; Tabarsi, Payam ; Bloursaz, Mohammed Reza ; Joseph, Julia K. ; Heer, Avneet ; Kong, Xiao-Fei ; Migaud, Mélanie ; Lazarov, Tomi ; Geissmann, Frédéric ; Fleckenstein, Bernhard ; Lindestam Arlehamn, Cecilia ; Sette, Alessandro ; Puel, Anne ; Emile, Jean-François ; Vosse, Esther van de ; Quintana-Murci, Lluis ; Di Santo, James P. ; Abel, Laurent ; Boisson-Dupuis, Stéphanie ; Bustamante, Jacinta ; Tangye, Stuart G. ; Sallusto, Federica ; Casanova, Jean-Laurent

In: Science Immunology, 2018, vol. 3, no. 30, p. eaau6759

Hundreds of patients with autosomal recessive, complete IL-12p40 or IL-12Rß1 deficiency have been diagnosed over the last 20 years. They typically suffer from invasive mycobacteriosis and, occasionally, from mucocutaneous candidiasis. Susceptibility to these infections is thought to be due to impairments of IL- 12–dependent IFN-? immunity and IL-23–dependent IL-17A/IL-17F immunity,...