Università della Svizzera italiana

Regulatory control of DNA end resection by Sae2 phosphorylation

Cannavo, Elda ; Johnson, Dominic ; Andres, Sara N. ; Kissling, Vera M. ; Reinert, Julia K. ; Garcia, Valerie ; Erie, Dorothy A. ; Hess, Daniel ; Thomä, Nicolas H. ; Enchev, Radoslav I. ; Peter, Matthias ; Williams, R. Scott ; Neale, Matt J. ; Cejka, Petr

In: Nature communications, 2018, vol. 9, p. 4016

DNA end resection plays a critical function in DNA double-strand break repair pathway choice. Resected DNA ends are refractory to end-joining mechanisms and are instead channeled to homology-directed repair. Using biochemical, genetic, and imaging methods, we show that phosphorylation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Sae2 controls its capacity to promote the Mre11-Rad50-Xrs2 (MRX) nuclease to...

Public access from 28-lug-2019
Università della Svizzera italiana

Stepwise 5' DNA end-specific resection of DNA breaks by the Mre11-Rad50-Xrs2 and Sae2 nuclease ensemble

Cannavo, Elda ; Reginato, Giordano ; Cejka, Petr

In: Proceedings of the national academy of sciences of the United States of America, 2019, vol. 116, no. 12 (March 19), p. 5505-5513

To repair DNA double-strand breaks by homologous recombination, the 5′-terminated DNA strands must first be resected to produce 3′ overhangs. Mre11 from Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a 3′ → 5′ exonuclease that is responsible for 5′ end degradation in vivo. Using plasmid-length DNA substrates and purified recombinant proteins, we show that the combined exonuclease and endonuclease...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Physiological protein blocks direct the Mre11–Rad50–Xrs2 and Sae2 nuclease complex to initiate DNA end resection

Reginato, Giordano ; Cannavo, Elda ; Cejka, Petr

In: Genes and Development, 2017, vol. 31, no. 23-24, p. 2325-2330

DNA double-strand break repair by homologous recombination is initiated by DNA end resection, which is commenced by the Mre11–Rad50–Xrs2 complex and Sae2 in yeast. Here we report that the nonhomologous end joining factor Ku limits the exonuclease activity of Mre11 and promotes its endonuclease to cleave 5'-terminated DNA strands at break sites. Following initial endonucleolytic cleavage...