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Université de Fribourg

Comparative study of nonequilibrium insulator-to-metal transitions in electron-phonon systems

Sayyad, Sharareh ; Žitko, Rok ; Strand, Hugo U. R. ; Werner, Philipp ; Golež, Denis

In: Physical Review B, 2019, vol. 99, no. 4, p. 045118

We study equilibrium and nonequilibrium properties of electron-phonon systems described by the Hubbard-Holstein model using dynamical mean-field theory. In equilibrium, we benchmark the results for impurity solvers based on the one-crossing approximation and slave-rotor approximation against non-perturbative numerical renormalization group reference data. We also examine how well the...

Université de Fribourg

Particle-conserving dynamics on the single-particle level

Schindler, T. ; Wittmann, René ; Brader, Joseph M.

In: Physical Review E, 2019, vol. 99, no. 1, p. 012605

We generalize the particle-conserving dynamics method of de las Heras et al. [J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 28, 244024 (2016)] to binary mixtures and apply this to hard rods in one dimension. Considering the case of one species consisting of only one particle enables us to address the tagged-particle dynamics. The time-evolution of the species-labeled density profiles is compared to exact...

Université de Fribourg

Fluid demixing kinetics on spherical geometry: power spectrum and Minkowski functional analysis

Böbel, A ; Bott, Matthias Christian ; Modest, H ; Brader, Joseph M. ; Räth, C

In: New Journal of Physics, 2019, vol. 21, no. 1, p. 013031

Dynamic density functional theory calculations of fluid–fluid demixing on spherical geometries are characterized via their angular power spectrum as well as via the Minkowski functionals (MFs) of their binarized fluid density fields. MFs form a complete set of additive, motion invariant and continuous morphological measures sensitive to nonlinear (spatial) correlations. The temporal...

Université de Fribourg

Time- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy of solids in the extreme ultraviolet at 500 kHz repetition rate

Puppin, M. ; Deng, Y. ; Nicholson, C. W. ; Feldl, J. ; Schröter, N. B. M. ; Vita, H. ; Kirchmann, P. S. ; Monney, Claude ; Rettig, L. ; Wolf, M. ; Ernstorfer, R.

In: Review of Scientific Instruments, 2019, vol. 90, no. 2, p. 023104

Time- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (trARPES) employing a 500 kHz extreme-ultraviolet light source operating at 21.7 eV probe photon energy is reported. Based on a high-power ytterbium laser, optical parametric chirped pulse amplification, and ultraviolet-driven high-harmonic generation, the light source produces an isolated high-harmonic with 110 meV bandwidth and a flux of...

Université de Fribourg

Revealing the pseudogap in ${\mathrm{Sr}}_{3}{({\mathrm{Ru}}_{0.985}{\mathrm{Fe}}_{0.015})}_{2}{\mathrm{O}}_{7}$ by optical spectroscopy

Ban, W. J. ; Xu, Bing ; Li, W. H. ; Wang, Y. ; Ge, J. J. ; Li, P. G. ; Yang, R. ; Dai, Y. M. ; Mao, Z. Q. ; Xiao, H.

In: Physical Review B, 2018, vol. 98, no. 20, p. 205111

We report resistivity, magnetization, and optical spectroscopy study on single-crystal sample of Sr3(Ru0.985Fe0.015 )2O7. An upturn is observed in resistivity at about 30 K. Below 30 K, the dip in resistivity R(ω), the suppression in scattering rate 1/τ (ω), the peaklike feature in optical conductivity σ1(ω), and the remainder of spectral weight all suggest the formation of a pseudogap....

Université de Fribourg

Competition may increase social utility in bipartite matching problem

Kong, Yi-Xiu ; Yuan, Guang-Hui ; Zhou, Lei ; Wu, Rui-Jie ; Shi, Gui-Yuan

In: Complexity, 2018, p. -

Bipartite matching problem is to study two disjoint groups of agents who need to be matched pairwise. It can be applied to many real-world scenarios and explain many social phenomena. In this article, we study the effect of competition on bipartite matching problem by introducing conformity into the preference structure. The results show that a certain amount of competition can improve the...

Université de Fribourg

Theory of photoinduced ultrafast switching to a spin-orbital ordered hidden phase

Li, Jiajun ; Strand, Hugo U.R. ; Werner, Philipp ; Eckstein, Martin

In: Nature Communications, 2018, vol. 9, no. 1, p. 4581

Photo-induced hidden phases are often observed in materials with intertwined orders. Understanding the formation of these non-thermal phases is challenging and requires a resolution of the cooperative interplay between different orders on the ultra-short timescale. In this work, we demonstrate that non-equilibrium photo-excitations can induce a state with spin-orbital orders entirely...

Université de Fribourg

Spin-freezing and the Sachdev-Ye model

Werner, Philipp ; Kim, Aaram J. ; Hoshino, Shintaro

In: EPL (Europhysics Letters), 2018, vol. 124, no. 5, p. 57002

Spin-freezing is the origin of bad-metal physics and non-Fermi liquid (non-FL) properties in a broad range of correlated compounds. In a multi-orbital lattice system with Hund coupling, doping of the half-filled Mott insulator results in a highly incoherent metal with frozen magnetic moments. These moments fluctuate and collapse in a crossover region that is characterized by unusual non-Fermi...

Université de Fribourg

Spontaneously orbital-selective superconductivity in a three-orbital Hubbard model

Ishigaki, Kosuke ; Nasu, Joji ; Koga, Akihisa ; Hoshino, Shintaro ; Werner, Philipp

In: Physical Review B, 2018, vol. 98, no. 23, p. 235120

We study a three-orbital Hubbard model with negative Hund's coupling in infinite dimensions, combining dynamical mean-field theory with continuous time quantum Monte Carlo simulations. This model, which is relevant for the description of alkali- doped fullerides, has previously been shown to exhibit a spontaneous orbital-selective Mott phase in the vicinity of the superconducting phase....

Université de Fribourg

Characterization of the global network of optical magnetometers to search for exotic physics (GNOME)

Afach, S. ; Budker, D. ; Camp, G. De ; Dumont, V. ; Grujić, Zoran Dragan ; Guo, H. ; Jackson Kimball, D. F. ; Kornack, T. W. ; Lebedev, Victor ; Li, W. ; Masia-Roig, H. ; Nix, S. ; Padniuk, M. ; Palm, C. A. ; Pankow, C. ; Penaflor, A. ; Peng, X. ; Pustelny, Simon ; Scholtes, Theo ; Smiga, J. A. ; Stalnaker, J. E. ; Weis, Antoine ; Wickenbrock, A. ; Wurm, D.

In: Physics of the Dark Universe, 2018, vol. 22, p. 162–180

The Global Network of Optical Magnetometers to search for Exotic physics (GNOME) is a network of geographically separated, time-synchronized, optically pumped atomic magnetometers that is being used to search for correlated transient signals heralding exotic physics. The GNOME is sensitive to nuclear- and electron-spin couplings to exotic fields from astrophysical sources such as compact...