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Università della Svizzera italiana

Heterosubtypic neutralizing antibodies are produced by individuals immunized with a seasonal influenza vaccine

Corti, Davide ; Suguitan Jr., Amorsolo ; Pinna, Debora ; Silacci, Chiara ; Fernandez-Rodriguez, Blanca M. ; Vanzetta, Fabrizia ; Santos, Celia ; Luke, Catherine J. ; Torres-Velez, Fernando J. ; Temperton, Nigel J. ; Weiss, Robin A. ; Sallusto, Federica ; Subbarao, Kanta ; Lanzavecchia, Antonio

In: The Journal of clinical investigation, 2010, vol. 120, no. 5, p. 1663-1673

The target of neutralizing antibodies that protect against influenza virus infection is the viral protein HA. Genetic and antigenic variation in HA has been used to classify influenza viruses into subtypes (H1–H16). The neutralizing antibody response to influenza virus is thought to be specific for a few antigenically related isolates within a given subtype. However, while heterosubtypic...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Polarization of migrating monocytic cells is independent of PI 3-Kinase activity

Volpe, Silvia ; Thelen, Sylvia ; Pertel. Thomas ; Lohse, Martin J. ; Thelen, Marcus

In: Plos one, 2010, vol. 5, no. 4, p. e10159

Background: Migration of mammalian cells is a complex cell type and environment specific process. Migrating hematopoietic cells assume a rapid amoeboid like movement when exposed to gradients of chemoattractants. The underlying signaling mechanisms remain controversial with respect to localization and distribution of chemotactic receptors within the plasma membrane and the role of PI 3-kinase...

Università della Svizzera italiana

CXCR7 functions as a scavenger for CXCL12 and CXCL11

Naumann, Ulrike ; Cameroni, Elisabetta ; Pruenster, Monika ; Mahabaleshwar, Harsha ; Raz, Erez ; Zerwes, Hans-Günter ; Rot, Antal ; Thelen, Marcus

In: Plos one, 2010, vol. 5, no. 2, p. e9175

Background: CXCR7 (RDC1), the recently discovered second receptor for CXCL12, is phylogenetically closely related to chemokine receptors, but fails to couple to G-proteins and to induce typical chemokine receptor mediated cellular responses. The function of CXCR7 is controversial. Some studies suggest a signaling activity in mammalian cells and zebrafish embryos, while others indicate a decoy...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Analysis of memory B cell responses and isolation of novel monoclonal antibodies with neutralizing breadth from HIV-1-infected individuals

Corti, Davide ; Langedijk, Johannes P. M. ; Hinz, Andreas ; Seaman, Michael S. ; Vanzetta, Fabrizia ; Fernandez-Rodriguez, Blanca M. ; Silacci, Chiara ; Pinna, Debora ; Jarrossay, David ; Balla-Jhagjhoorsingh, Sunita ; Willems, Betty ; Zekveld, Maria J. ; Dreja ; O’Sullivan, Eithne ; Pade, Corinna ; Orkin, Chloe ; Jeffs, Simon A. ; Montefiori, David C. ; David, Davis ; Weissenhorn, Winfried ; McKnight, Aine ; Heeney, Jonathan L. ; Sallusto, Federica ; Sattentau, Quentin J. ; Weiss, robin A. ; Lanzavecchia, Antonio

In: Plos one, 2010, vol. 5, no. 1, p. e8805

Background The isolation of human monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) that neutralize a broad spectrum of primary HIV-1 isolates and the characterization of the human neutralizing antibody B cell response to HIV-1 infection are important goals that are central to the design of an effective antibody-based vaccine. Methods and Findings We immortalized IgG+ memory B cells from individuals infected with...

Interkantonale Hochschule für Heilpädagogik Zürich HfH

Persistent hippocampal neural firing and hippocampal-cortical coupling predict verbal working memory load

Boran, Ece ; Fedele, Tommaso ; Klaver, Peter ; Hilfiker, Peter ; Stieglitz, Lennart ; Grunwald, Thomas ; Sarnthein, Johannes

In: Science Advances, 2019, vol. 5, no. 3, p. 1-14

The maintenance of items in working memory relies on persistent neural activity in a widespread network of brain areas. To investigate the influence of load on working memory, we asked human subjects to maintain sets of letters in memory while we recorded single neurons and intracranial encephalography (EEG) in the medial temporal lobe and scalp EEG. Along the periods of a trial, hippocampal...

Haute Ecole de Santé Valais

Sportives et incontinence urinaire : développement d’une brochure d’exercices d’échauffement intégrant le périnée

Mathez, Manon ; Rondez, Noémie-Laure ; Mittaz Hager, Anne-Gabrielle (Dir.)

Mémoire de bachelor : Haute Ecole de Santé Valais, 2018.

Une sportive sur deux a déjà expérimenté des fuites urinaires : elles sont 95% à en souffrir durant l’entraînement et 51% en compétition. Malgré ce constat, il n’existe aucune mesure de prévention de l’incontinence urinaire lors des entraînements physiques. L’objectif de ce travail est de développer une brochure d’exercices d’échauffement avec intégration du...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Chemokine receptor patterns in lymphocytes mirror metastatic spreading in melanoma

Jacquelot, Nicolas ; Enot, David P. ; Flament, Caroline ; Vimond, Nadège ; Blattner, Carolin ; Pitt, Jonathan M. ; Yamazaki, Takahiro ; Roberti, María Paula ; Daillère, Romain ; Vétizou, Marie ; Poirier-Colame, Vichnou ; Semeraro, Michaëla ; Caignard, Anne ; Slingluff Jr., Craig L. ; Sallusto, Federica ; Rusakiewicz, Sylvie ; Weide, Benjamin ; Marabelle, Aurélien ; Kohrt, Holbrook ; Dalle, Stéphane ; Cavalcanti, Andréa ; Kroemer, Guido ; Di Giacomo, Anna Maria ; Maio, Michele ; Wong, Phillip ; Yuan, Jianda ; Wolchok, Jedd ; Umansky, Viktor ; Eggermont, Alexander ; Zitvogel, Laurence

In: The journal of clinical investigation, 2016, vol. 126, no. 3, p. 921-937

Melanoma prognosis is dictated by tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, the migratory and functional behavior of which is guided by chemokine or cytokine gradients. Here, we retrospectively analyzed the expression patterns of 9 homing receptors (CCR/CXCR) in naive and memory CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes in 57 patients with metastatic melanoma (MMel) with various sites of metastases to evaluate...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Intestinal microbiota sustains inflammation and autoimmunity induced by hypomorphic RAG defects

Rigoni, Rosita ; Fontana, Elena ; Guglielmetti, Simone ; Fosso, Bruno ; D’Erchia, Anna Maria ; Maina, Virginia ; Taverniti, Valentina ; Carmina Castiello, Maria ; Mantero, Stefano ; Pacchiana, Giovanni ; Musio, Silvia ; Pedotti, Rosetta ; Selmi, Carlo ; Mora, J. Rodrigo ; Pesole, Graziano ; Vezzoni, Paolo ; Poliani, Pietro Luigi ; Grassi, Fabio ; Villa, Anna ; Cassani, Barbara

In: The journal of experimental medicine, 2016, vol. 213, no. 3, p. 355-375

Omenn syndrome (OS) is caused by hypomorphic Rag mutations and characterized by a profound immunodeficiency associated with autoimmune-like manifestations. Both in humans and mice, OS is mediated by oligoclonal activated T and B cells. The role of microbial signals in disease pathogenesis is debated. Here, we show that Rag2R229Q knock-in mice developed an inflammatory bowel disease affecting...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Mutually exclusive redox forms of HMGB1 promote cell recruitment or proinflammatory cytokine release

Venereau, Emilie ; Casalgrandi, Maura ; Schiraldi, Milena ; Antoine, Daniel J. ; Cattaneo, Angela ; De Marchis, Francesco ; Liu, Jaron ; Antonelli, Antonella ; Preti, Alessandro ; Raeli, Lorenzo ; Samadi Shams, Sara ; Yang, Huan ; Varani, Luca ; Andersson, Ulf ; Tracey, Kevin J. ; Bachi, Angela ; Uguccioni, Mariagrazia ; Bianchi, Marco E.

In: The journal of experimental medicine, 2012, vol. 209, no. 9, p. 1519-1528

Tissue damage causes inflammation, by recruiting leukocytes and activating them to release proinflammatory mediators. We show that high-mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) orchestrates both processes by switching among mutually exclusive redox states. Reduced cysteines make HMGB1 a chemoattractant, whereas a disulfide bond makes it a proinflammatory cytokine and further cysteine oxidation to...

Università della Svizzera italiana

HMGB1 promotes recruitment of inflammatory cells to damaged tissues by forming a complex with CXCL12 and signaling via CXCR4

Schiraldi, Milena ; Raucci, Angela ; Martínez Muñoz, Laura ; Livoti, Elsa ; Celona, Barbara ; Venereau, Emilie ; Apuzzo, Tiziana ; De Marchis, Francesco ; Pedotti, Mattia ; Bachi, Angela ; Thelen, Marcus ; Varani, Luca ; Mellado, Mario ; Proudfoot, Amanda ; Bianchi, Marco Emilio ; Uguccioni, Mariagrazia

In: The journal of experimental medicine, 2012, vol. 209, no. 3, p. 551-563

After tissue damage, inflammatory cells infiltrate the tissue and release proinflammatory cytokines. HMGB1 (high mobility group box 1), a nuclear protein released by necrotic and severely stressed cells, promotes cytokine release via its interaction with the TLR4 (Toll-like receptor 4) receptor and cell migration via an unknown mechanism. We show that HMGB1- induced recruitment of inflammatory...