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Université de Neuchâtel

Knowledge likely held by others affects speakers’ choices of referential expressions at different stages of discourse

Achim, Amélie M. ; Achim, André ; Fossard, Marion

In: Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 2017, vol. 32, no. 1, p. 21-36

Effective communication requires adjusting one’s discourse to be understood by the addressee. While some suggest that choices of referring expressions are dependent on the addressee’s accessibility to the referent, there is also evidence for an egocentric bias in speech production. This study relied on two new experimental tasks designed to assess whether speakers adapt their choices of...

Université de Neuchâtel

Adjustment of speaker’s referential expressions to an addressee’s likely knowledge and link with theory of mind abilities

Achim, Amélie M. ; Fossard, Marion ; Couture, Sophie ; Achim, André

In: Frontiers in Psychology, 2015, vol. 6, no. 823, p. 1-11

To communicate cooperatively, speakers must determine what constitutes the common ground with their addressee and adapt their referential choices accordingly. Assessing another person’s knowledge requires a social cognition ability termed theory of mind (ToM). This study relies on a novel referential communication task requiring probabilistic inferences of the knowledge already held by an...

Université de Neuchâtel

Experimental demonstration of a compact and high-performance laser-pumped rubidium gas cell atomic frequency standard

Affolderbach, Christoph ; Droz, F. ; Mileti, Gaetano

In: IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, 2006, vol. 55, no. 2, p. 429-435

The authors present a compact high-performance laser-pumped Rubidium atomic frequency standard exploiting the advantages of laser optical pumping for improved stability. The clock is based on an industrial Rb clock with the lamp assembly removed and optically pumped by light from a compact frequency-stabilized laser head. The modification of the buffer gas filling in the clock resonance cell...

Université de Neuchâtel

The Social Dynamics of Social Science Research: Between Poetry and the Conveyer Belt

Abbey, Emily ; Zittoun, Tania

In: Qualitative Studies, 2010, vol. 1, no. 1, p. 2-17

This paper considers the semiotic organization of the research process in the social sciences. It offers a detailed analysis of the semiotic organization of a much used technique in the social sciences: the one-on-one non-directive interview. We consider how different signs might constrain the researcher’s thoughts and actions within the ongoing processes of interview dialogue. We are...