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Université de Neuchâtel

International Graduates in Switzerland: Transitioning into the Labor Market

Lombard, Annique ; Zufferey, Jonathan

(nccr on the move ; 21)

International students are potential highly skilled workers who can enter in their host country’s labor market. In Switzerland, migration policies regulate the selection criteria for migrant workers, including international students who subsequently seek employment after graduation. However, Switzerland has competing national interests: on the one hand, economic efficiency requires highly...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Within-host evolution results in antigenically distinct GII.4 noroviruses

Debbink, Kari ; Lindesmith, Lisa C. ; Ferris, Martin T. ; Swanstrom, Jesica ; Beltramello, Martina ; Corti, Davide ; Lanzavecchia, Antonio ; Baric, Ralph S.

In: Journal of virology, 2014, vol. 88, no. 13, p. 7244–7255

Genogroup II, genotype 4 (GII.4) noroviruses are known to rapidly evolve, with the emergence of a new primary strain every 2 to 4 years as herd immunity to the previously circulating strain is overcome. Because viral genetic diversity is higher in chronic than in acute infection, chronically infected immunocompromised people have been hypothesized to be a potential source for new epidemic...

Université de Fribourg

Antimicrobial Resistance in Escherichia coli

Poirel, Laurent ; Madec, Jean-Yves ; Lupo, Agnese ; Schink, Anne-Kathrin ; Kieffer, Nicolas ; Nordmann, Patrice ; Schwarz, Stefan

In: Microbiology Spectrum, 2018, vol. 6, no. 4, p. -

Multidrug resistance in Escherichia coli has become a worrying issue that is increasingly observed in human but also in veterinary medicine worldwide. E. coli is intrinsically susceptible to almost all clinically relevant antimicrobial agents, but this bacterial species has a great capacity to accumulate resistance genes, mostly through horizontal gene transfer. The most problematic...

Université de Fribourg

Nanoparticle administration method in cell culture alters particle-cell interaction

Moore, Thomas L. ; Urban, Dominic A. ; Rodriguez-Lorenzo, Laura ; Milosevic, Ana ; Crippa, Federica ; Spuch-Calvar, Miguel ; Balog, Sandor ; Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara ; Lattuada, Marco ; Petri-Fink, Alke

In: Scientific Reports, 2019, vol. 9, no. 1, p. 900

As a highly interdisciplinary field, working with nanoparticles in a biomedical context requires a robust understanding of soft matter physics, colloidal behaviors, nano- characterization methods, biology, and bio-nano interactions. When reporting results, it can be easy to overlook simple, seemingly trivial experimental details. In this context, we set out to understand how in vitro...

Université de Neuchâtel

Comparison of survey data on wealth in Switzerland

Ravazzini, Laura ; Kuhn, Ursina ; Brulé, Gaël ; Suter, Christian

Beyond income, wealth is one of most relevant components among national and international indicators of household finances. Three surveys that include Switzerland have recently integrated questions about wealth and its components. These surveys are the Swiss Household Panel -SHP- (2016), the Statistics on Income and Living Conditions -CH-SILC- (2015), and the Survey on Health, Ageing and...

Université de Neuchâtel

We are ready for faunistic surveys of bdelloid rotifers through DNA barcoding : the example of Sphagnum bogs of the Swiss Jura Mountains = Listos para revisiones faunísticas de rotíferos bdelloideos por DNA barcoding: el caso de las turberas de Sphagnum de las montañas del Jura suizo

Fontaneto, Diego ; Eckert, Ester M ; Anicic, Nikoleta ; Lara, Enrique ; Mitchell, Edward A. D

In: Limnetica, 2019, vol. 38, no. 1, p. 213-225

The identification of biological diversity through DNA barcoding and metabarcoding of the organisms living in the field has the potential to revolutionise the way biological surveys and monitoring are performed. Yet, we still do not know if the current representativeness of the reference database of DNA sequence data is sufficient to allow such approaches. Here, we show that, at least for...

Université de Fribourg

Multi-brand loyalty in consumer markets : a qualitatively-driven mixed methods approach

Arifine, Ghizlane ; Felix, Reto ; Furrer, Olivier

(Working Papers SES ; 501)

Purpose—Although multi-brand loyalty (MBL) in consumer markets has been identified in previous brand loyalty research, empirical studies have not yet explored the facets of its different types. This article seeks a deeper understanding of MBL by investigating its different types and facets. Design/methodology/approach—This study uses a sequential, qualitatively-driven mixed method design...

Université de Fribourg

The genus Amphistegina (benthic foraminifera): distribution along the southern Tunisian coast

Kateb, Akram El ; Stalder, Claudio ; Stainbank, Stephanie ; Fentimen, Robin ; Spezzaferri, Silvia

In: BioInvasions Records, 2018, vol. 7, no. 4, p. 391–398

The benthic foraminiferal genus Amphistegina is currently expanding its range in the Mediterranean Sea after being introduced through the Suez Canal from the Red Sea. Over the previous decade, Amphistegina spp. has colonized the eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea including the Egyptian and Libyan coasts, but the present southern limit in the Mediterranean Sea is along the southern Tunisian...

Université de Neuchâtel

Estimation of a counterfactual wage distribution using survey data

Anastasiade, Mihaela-Cãtãlina ; Tillé, Yves (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2018.

De nos jours, la discrimination salariale basée sur le sexe est un sujet débattu. Bien que la discrimination salariale soit interdite par la Déclaration universelle des droits de l’homme, des études montrent que les femmes sont systématiquement payées moins que les hommes. La discrimination salariale se produit quand deux groupes partageant les mêmes caractéristiques et remplissant les...

Université de Fribourg

The effects of anti-corruption videos on attitudes towards corruption in a Ukrainian online survey

Denisova-Schmidt, Elena ; Huber, Martin ; Prytula, Yaroslav

(Working Papers SES ; 499)

This paper presents the outcomes of an anti-corruption educational intervention among Ukrainian students based on an online experiment. More than 3,000 survey participants were randomly assigned to one of three different videos on corruption and its consequences (treatment groups) or a video on higher education (control group). The data suggest a high level of academic dishonesty and...