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Università della Svizzera italiana

Particle conformation regulates antibody access to a conserved GII.4 norovirus blockade epitope

Lindesmith, Lisa C. ; Donaldson, Eric F. ; Beltramello, Martina ; Pintus, Stefania ; Corti, Davide ; Swanstrom, Jesica ; Debbink, Kari ; Jones, Taylor A. ; Lanzavecchia, Antonio ; Baric, Ralph S.

In: Journal of virology, 2014, vol. 88, no. 16, p. 8826-8842

GII.4 noroviruses (NoVs) are the primary cause of epidemic viral acute gastroenteritis. One primary obstacle to successful NoV vaccination is the extensive degree of antigenic diversity among strains. The major capsid protein of GII.4 strains is evolving rapidly, resulting in the emergence of new strains with altered blockade epitopes. In addition to characterizing these evolving blockade...

Université de Neuchâtel

International Graduates in Switzerland: Transitioning into the Labor Market

Lombard, Annique ; Zufferey, Jonathan

(nccr on the move ; 21)

International students are potential highly skilled workers who can enter in their host country’s labor market. In Switzerland, migration policies regulate the selection criteria for migrant workers, including international students who subsequently seek employment after graduation. However, Switzerland has competing national interests: on the one hand, economic efficiency requires highly...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Mitochondrial dysfunction induced by a SH2 domain-targeting STAT3 inhibitor leads to metabolic synthetic lethality in cancer cells

Genini, Davide ; Brambilla, Lara ; Laurini, Erik ; Merulla, Jessica ; Civenni, Gianluca ; Pandit, Shusil ; D'Antuono, Rocco ; Perez, Laurent ; Levy, David E. ; Pricl, Sabrina ; Carbone, Giuseppina M. ; Catapano, Carlo V.

In: Proceedings of the national academy of sciences of the United States of America, 2017, vol. 114, no. 25, p. E4924-E4933

In addition to its canonical role in nuclear transcription, signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is emerging as an important regulator of mitochondrial function. Here, we demonstrate that a novel inhibitor that binds with high affinity to the STAT3 SH2 domain triggers a complex cascade of events initiated by interference with mitochondrial STAT3 (mSTAT3). The...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Activin-A co-opts IRF4 and AhR signaling to induce human regulatory T cells that restrain asthmatic responses

Tousa, Sofia ; Semitekolou, Maria ; Morianos, Ioannis ; Banos, Aggelos ; Trochoutsou, Aikaterini I. ; Brodie, Tess M. ; Poulos, Nikolaos ; Samitas, Konstantinos ; Kapasa, Maria ; Konstantopoulos, Dimitris ; Paraskevopoulos, Giannis ; Gaga, Mina ; Hawrylowicz, Catherine M. ; Sallusto, Federica ; Xanthou, Georgina

In: Proceedings of the national academy of sciences of the United States of America, 2017, vol. 114, no. 14, p. E2891-E2900

Type 1 regulatory T (Tr1) cells play a pivotal role in restraining human T-cell responses toward environmental allergens and protecting against allergic diseases. Still, the precise molecular cues that underlie their transcriptional and functional specification remain elusive. Here, we show that the cytokine activin-A instructs the generation of CD4+ T cells that express the...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Ectonucleotidase activity and immunosuppression in astrocyte-CD4 T cell bidirectional signaling

Filipello, Fabia ; Pozzi, Davide ; Proietti, Michele ; Romagnani, Andrea ; Mazzitelli, Sonia ; Matteoli, Michela ; Verderio, Claudia ; Grassi, Fabio

In: Oncotarget, 2016, vol. 7, no. 5, p. 5143-5156

Astrocytes play a crucial role in neuroinflammation as part of the glia limitans, which regulates infiltration of the brain parenchyma by leukocytes. The signaling pathways and molecular events, which result from the interaction of activated T cells with astrocytes are poorly defined. Here we show that astrocytes promote the expression and enzymatic activity of CD39 and CD73 ectonucleotidases in...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Dnmt3a restrains mast cell inflammatory responses

Leoni, Cristina ; Montagner, Sara ; Rinaldi, Andrea ; Bertoni, Francesco ; Polletti, Sara ; Balestrieri, Chiara ; Monticelli, Silvia

In: Proceedings of the national academy of sciences, 2017, vol. 114, no. 8, p. E1490-E1499

DNA methylation and specifically the DNA methyltransferase enzyme DNMT3A are involved in the pathogenesis of a variety of hematological diseases and in regulating the function of immune cells. Although altered DNA methylation patterns and mutations in DNMT3A correlate with mast cell proliferative disorders in humans, the role of DNA methylation in mast cell biology is not understood. By using...

Università della Svizzera italiana

CXCR7 prevents excessive CXCL12-mediated downregulation of CXCR4 in migrating cortical interneurons

Abe, Philipp ; Mueller, Wiebke ; Schütz, Dagmar ; MacKay, Fabienne ; Thelen, Marcus ; Zhang, Penglie ; Stumm, Ralf

In: Development, 2014, vol. 141, no. 9, p. 1857-1863

The CXCL12/CXCR4 signaling pathway is involved in the development of numerous neuronal and non-neuronal structures. Recent work established that the atypical second CXCL12 receptor, CXCR7, is essential for the proper migration of interneuron precursors in the developing cerebral cortex. Two CXCR7-mediated functions were proposed in this process: direct modulation of β-arrestin-mediated...

Università della Svizzera italiana

PPARgamma in dendritic cells and T cells drives pathogenic type-2 effector responses in lung inflammation

Nobs, Samuel Philip ; Natali, Sara ; Pohlmeier, Lea ; Okreglicka, Katarzyna ; Schneider, Christoph ; Kurrer, Michael ; Sallusto, Federica ; Kopf, Manfred

In: Journal of experimental medicine, 2017, vol. 214, no. 10, p. 3015-3035

Type-2 immune responses are well-established drivers of chronic inflammatory diseases, such as asthma, and represent a large burden on public health systems. The transcription factor PPARγ is known to promote M2-macrophage and alveolar macrophage development. Here, we report that PPARγ plays a key role in both T cells and dendritic cells (DCs) for development of type-2 immune responses. It...

Università della Svizzera italiana

ACKR3 expression on diffuse large B cell lymphoma is required for tumor spreading and tissue infiltration

Puddinu, Viola ; Casella, Sabrina ; Radice, Egle ; Thelen, Sylvia ; Dirnhofer, Stefan ; Bertoni, Francesco ; Thelen, Marcus

In: Oncotarget, 2017, vol. 8, no. 49, p. 85068-85084

Diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most frequent lymphoma accounting for more than the 30% of the cases. Involvement of extranodal sites, such as bone marrow and central nervous system, is associated with poor prognosis. A contribution of the chemokine system in these processes is assumed as it is known as a critical regulator of the metastatic process in cancer. The atypical...

Università della Svizzera italiana

A meiotic XPF-ERCC1-like complex recognizes joint molecule recombination intermediates to promote crossover formation

De Muyt, Arnaud ; Pyatnitskaya, Alexandra ; Andréani, Jessica ; Ranjha, Lepakshi ; Laureau, Raphaëlle ; Fernandez-Vega, Ambra ; Holoch, Daniel ; Girard, Elodie ; Govin, Jérome ; Margueron, Raphaël ; Couté, Yohann ; Cejka, Petr ; Guérois, Raphaël ; Borde, Valérie

In: Genes and development, 2018, vol. 32, no. 3-4, p. 283-296

Meiotic crossover formation requires the stabilization of early recombination intermediates by a set of proteins and occurs within the environment of the chromosome axis, a structure important for the regulation of meiotic recombination events. The molecular mechanisms underlying and connecting crossover recombination and axis localization are elusive. Here, we identified the ZZS...