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Université de Fribourg

Numerical reconstructions of the flow and basal conditions of the Rhine glacier, European Central Alps, at the Last Glacial Maximum

Cohen, Denis ; Gillet-Chaulet, Fabien ; Haeberli, Wilfried ; Machguth, Horst ; Fischer, Urs H.

In: The Cryosphere, 2018, vol. 12, no. 8, p. 2515–2544

At the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), the Rhine glacier in the Swiss Alps covered an area of about 16000km2. As part of an integrative study about the safety of repositories for radioactive waste under ice age conditions in Switzerland, we modeled the Rhine glacier using a thermodynamically coupled three-dimensional, transient Stokes flow and heat transport model down to a horizontal resolution...

Université de Fribourg

Carbon nanodots: Opportunities and limitations to study their biodistribution at the human lung epithelial tissue barrier

Durantie, Estelle ; Barosova, Hana ; Drasler, Barbara ; Rodriguez-Lorenzo, Laura ; Urban, Dominic A. ; Vanhecke, Dimitri ; Septiadi, Dedy ; Hirschi-Ackermann, Liliane ; Petri-Fink, Alke ; Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara

In: Biointerphases, 2018, vol. 13, no. 6, p. 06D404

Inhalation of combustion-derived ultrafine particles (≤0.1 μm) has been found to be associated with pulmonary and cardiovascular diseases. However, correlation of the physicochemical properties of carbon-based particles such as surface charge and agglomeration state with adverse health effects has not yet been established, mainly due to limitations related to the detection of carbon...

Université de Fribourg

Three-dimensional cell culture conditions affect the proteome of cancer-associated fibroblasts

Tölle, Regine C. ; Gaggioli, Cedric ; Dengjel, Jörn

In: Journal of Proteome Research, 2018, vol. 17, no. 8, p. 2780–2789

In vitro cell culture systems are an invaluable tool for cell biological research to study molecular pathways and to characterize processes critical in human pathophysiology. However, the experimental conditions in two-dimensional (2D) cell cultures often differ substantially from the in vivo situation, which continuously raises concerns about the reliability and conferrability of the...

Université de Fribourg

Isotropic-nematic transition of self-propelled rods in three dimensions

Bott, Matthias Christian ; Winterhalter, F. ; Marechal, Matthieu ; Sharma, Abhinav ; Brader, Joseph M. ; Wittmann, René

In: Physical Review E, 2018, vol. 98, no. 1, p. 012601

Using overdamped Brownian dynamics simulations we investigate the isotropic- nematic (IN) transition of self-propelled rods in three spatial dimensions. For two well- known model systems (Gay-Berne potential and hard spherocylinders) we find that turning on activity moves to higher densities the phase boundary separating an isotropic phase from a (nonpolar) nematic phase. This active IN phase...

Université de Fribourg

Dissociative electron attachment and electronic excitation in Fe(CO)5

Allan, Michael ; Lacko, M. ; Papp, P. ; Matejčík, Š. ; Zlatar, Matija ; Fabrikant, Ilya I. ; Kočišek, J. ; Fedor, Juraj

In: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 2018, vol. 20, no. 17, p. 11692–11701

In a combined experimental and theoretical study we characterize dissociative electron attachment (DEA) to, and electronically excited states of, Fe(CO)5. Both are relevant for electron-induced degradation of Fe(CO)5. The strongest DEA channel is cleavage of one metal–ligand bond that leads to production of Fe(CO)4−. High- resolution spectra of Fe(CO)4− reveal fine structures at the...

Université de Neuchâtel

Complexity of positive contactomorphisms

Dahinden, Lucas ; Schlenk, Felix (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2018.

Dans cette thèse nous étudions des propriétés de croissance de volume de contactomorphismes positives en utilisant l'homologie de Rabinowitz-Floer. Nous montrons que la croissance positive de la dimension de l'homologie de Rabinowitz-Floer implique que tout contactomorphisme positive a d'entropie topologique positive. Nous trouvons deux cas où l'homologie de Rabinowitz-Floer a de croissance...

Université de Fribourg

Ultrafast doublon dynamics in photoexcited $1T$-${\mathrm{TaS}}_{2}$

Ligges, M. ; Avigo, I. ; Gole?, Denis ; Strand, H. ?U.? R. ; Beyazit, Y. ; Hanff, K. ; Diekmann, F. ; Stojchevska, L. ; Kalläne, M. ; Zhou, P. ; Rossnagel, K. ; Eckstein, Martin ; Werner, Philipp ; Bovensiepen, U.

In: Physical Review Letters, 2018, vol. 120, no. 16, p. 166401

Strongly correlated materials exhibit intriguing properties caused by intertwined microscopic interactions that are hard to disentangle in equilibrium. Employing nonequilibrium time-resolved photoemission spectroscopy on the quasi-two- dimensional transition-metal dichalcogenide 1T-TaS2, we identify a spectroscopic signature of doubly occupied sites (doublons) that reflects fundamental Mott...

Université de Fribourg

Local real-space view of the achiral $1T\text{\ensuremath{-}}{\mathrm{TiSe}}_{2}$ $2\times2\times2$ charge density wave

Hildebrand, Baptiste ; Jaouen, Thomas ; Mottas, Marie-Laure ; Monney, Gaël ; Barreteau, C. ; Giannini, E. ; Bowler, D. R. ; Aebi, Philipp

In: Physical Review Letters, 2018, vol. 120, no. 13, p. 136404

The transition metal dichalcogenide 1T−TiSe2-two-dimensional layered material undergoing a commensurate 2×2×2 charge density wave (CDW) transition with a weak periodic lattice distortion (PLD) below ≈200 K. Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) combined with intentionally introduced interstitial Ti atoms allows us to go beyond the usual spatial resolution of STM and to intimately probe...