Affiner les résultats

Langue

Université de Fribourg

Asymmetric and distant effects of a unilateral lesion of the primary motor cortex on the bilateral supplementary motor areas in adult macaque monkeys

Contestabile, Alessandro. ; Colangiulo, R. ; Lucchini, Matteo ; Gindrat, Anne-Dominique ; Hamadjida, Adjia ; Kaeser, Mélanie ; Savidan, Julie ; Wyss, A. F. ; Rouiller, Eric M. ; Schmidlin, Eric

In: Journal of Neuroscience, 2018, vol. 38, no. 50, p. 10644–10656

A restricted lesion of the hand area in the primary motor cortex (M1) leads to a deficit of contralesional manual dexterity, followed by an incomplete functional recovery, accompanied by plastic changes in M1 itself and in other cortical areas on both hemispheres. Using the marker SMI-32 specific to pyramidal neurons in cortical layers III and V, we investigated the impact of a focal...

Université de Fribourg

Seeing is better than believing: visualization of membrane transport in plants

Geisler, Markus

In: Current Opinion in Plant Biology, 2018, vol. 46, p. 104–112

Recently, the plant transport field has shifted their research focus toward a more integrative investigation of transport networks thought to provide the basis for long- range transport routes. Substantial progress was provided by of a series of elegant techniques that allow for a visualization or prediction of substrate movements in plant tissues in contrast to established quantitative...

Université de Fribourg

Dissociable components of spatial neglect associated with frontal and parietal lesions

Saj, Arnaud ; Verdon, Vincent ; Hauert, Claude-Alain ; Vuilleumier, Patrik

In: Neuropsychologia, 2018, vol. 115, p. 60–69

Spatial neglect is a complex neuropsychological disorder, in which patients fail to detect and respond to contralesional stimuli. Recent studies suggest that these symptoms may reflect a combination of different component deficits, associated with different lesion substrates. Thus, damage to right lateral prefrontal and inferior parietal regions produce different degrees of left neglect on...

Université de Fribourg

Alterations in the cortical control of standing posture during varying levels of postural threat and task difficulty

Tokuno, Craig D. ; Keller, Martin ; Carpenter, Mark G. ; Márquez, Gonzalo ; Taube, Wolfgang

In: Journal of Neurophysiology, 2018, vol. 120, no. 3, p. 1010–1016

Cortical excitability increases during the performance of more difficult postural tasks. However, it is possible that changes in postural threat associated with more difficult tasks may in themselves lead to alterations in the neural strategies underlying postural control. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine whether changes in postural threat are responsible for the...

Université de Fribourg

Divergent solutions to visual problem solving across mammalian species

Mustafar, Faiz ; Harvey, Michael A. ; Khani, Abbas ; Arató, József ; Rainer, Gregor

In: eNeuro, 2018, vol. 5, no. 4, p. -

Our understanding of the neurobiological underpinnings of learning and behavior relies on the use of invasive techniques, which necessitate the use of animal models. However, when different species learn the same task, to what degree are they actually producing the same behavior and engaging homologous neural circuitry? This question has received virtually no recent attention, even as the...

Université de Fribourg

Carbon nanodots: Opportunities and limitations to study their biodistribution at the human lung epithelial tissue barrier

Durantie, Estelle ; Barosova, Hana ; Drasler, Barbara ; Rodriguez-Lorenzo, Laura ; Urban, Dominic A. ; Vanhecke, Dimitri ; Septiadi, Dedy ; Hirschi-Ackermann, Liliane ; Petri-Fink, Alke ; Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara

In: Biointerphases, 2018, vol. 13, no. 6, p. 06D404

Inhalation of combustion-derived ultrafine particles (≤0.1 μm) has been found to be associated with pulmonary and cardiovascular diseases. However, correlation of the physicochemical properties of carbon-based particles such as surface charge and agglomeration state with adverse health effects has not yet been established, mainly due to limitations related to the detection of carbon...