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Université de Fribourg

Evolution in group-structured populations can resolve the tragedy of the commons

Killingback, Timothy ; Bieri, Jonas ; Flatt, Thomas

In: Proceeding of the Royal Society, 2006, no. 273, p. 1477–1481

Public goods are the key features of all human societies and are also important in many animal societies. Collaborative hunting and collective defence are but two examples of public goods that have played a crucial role in the development of human societies and still play an important role in many animal societies. Public goods allow societies composed largely of cooperators to outperform...

Université de Fribourg

Phenotypic variation in an oviparous montane lizard (Bassiana duperreyi): the effects of thermal and hydric incubation environments

Flatt, Thomas ; Shine, Richard ; Borges-Landaez, Pedro A. ; Downes, Sharon J.

In: Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2001, no. 74, p. 339-350

Recent studies have shown that incubation temperatures can profoundly affect the phenotypes of hatchling lizards, but the effects of hydric incubation environments remain controversial.We examined incubation-induced phenotypic variation in Bassiana duperreyi (Gray, 1938; Sauria: Scincidae), an oviparous montane lizard from south-eastern Australia. We incubated eggs from this species in four...

Université de Neuchâtel

International Graduates in Switzerland: Transitioning into the Labor Market

Lombard, Annique ; Zufferey, Jonathan

(nccr on the move ; 21)

International students are potential highly skilled workers who can enter in their host country’s labor market. In Switzerland, migration policies regulate the selection criteria for migrant workers, including international students who subsequently seek employment after graduation. However, Switzerland has competing national interests: on the one hand, economic efficiency requires highly...

Université de Neuchâtel

Essays on the supply side of raw wood

Krähenbühl, Géraud ; Farsi, Mehdi (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2018 ; 2739.

L’industrie forestière suisse est un environnement complexe comprenant autant des aspects du secteur public que du secteur privé. Ainsi, l’économie publique au sens strict du terme ne peut pas pleinement s’appliquer dans ce contexte car les entreprises forestières coupent et vendent du bois brut sur le marché privé; cela s'avère d’ailleurs être une partie importante de leur...

Université de Fribourg

3D morphology of pharyngeal dentition of the genus Capoeta (Cyprinidae): Implications for taxonomy and phylogeny

Ayvazyan, Anna ; Vasilyan, Davit ; Böhme, Madelaine

In: Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, 2019, vol. 57, no. 1, p. 179–190

Capoeta is a herbivorous cyprinid fish genus, widely distributed in water bodies of Western Asia. Recent species show a distinct biogeographic pattern with endemic distribution in large fluvial drainage basins. As other cyprinids, the species of this genus are characterized by the presence of the pharyngeal bone with pharyngeal teeth. Despite this, the detailed morphology of the pharyngeal...

Université de Neuchâtel

We are ready for faunistic surveys of bdelloid rotifers through DNA barcoding : the example of Sphagnum bogs of the Swiss Jura Mountains = Listos para revisiones faunísticas de rotíferos bdelloideos por DNA barcoding: el caso de las turberas de Sphagnum de las montañas del Jura suizo

Fontaneto, Diego ; Eckert, Ester M ; Anicic, Nikoleta ; Lara, Enrique ; Mitchell, Edward A. D

In: Limnetica, 2019, vol. 38, no. 1, p. 213-225

The identification of biological diversity through DNA barcoding and metabarcoding of the organisms living in the field has the potential to revolutionise the way biological surveys and monitoring are performed. Yet, we still do not know if the current representativeness of the reference database of DNA sequence data is sufficient to allow such approaches. Here, we show that, at least for...

Université de Neuchâtel

Isotope fractionation due to diffusion and sorption of chlorinated hydrocarbons and its implications for identifying reactive processes in aquifer - aquitard systems

Wanner, Philipp ; Hunkeler, Daniel (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2016.

Des méthodes isotopiques stables ont été utilisées de plus en plus pour identifier et quantifier la transformation réactive dans la sous-surface de composés organiques tels que les hydrocarbures chlorés. La méthode générale repose sur l'hypothèse que seuls les processus réactifs sont associés à un effet isotopique. Cependant, des études récentes ont révélé que les processus...

Université de Fribourg

Enhancing scientific communication skills: a real-world simulation in a tertiary-level life science class using e-learning technology in biomedical literature perception, reflective review writing on a clinical issue, and self and peer assessments

Eppler, Elisabeth ; Meyer, Jan ; Serowy, Steffen ; Link, Karl ; Pauk, Barbara ; Filgueira, Luis

In: Research in Science Education, 2018, p. -

This educational study aimed to explore the feasibility and acceptance of a literacy exercise adopted from the realworld of scientific publishing in a cell and tissue biology course. For that purpose, a tertiary-level multimodality science course, which integrated a blended learning faculty and student lectures, journal club, and wet laboratory sessions including a research project as well as...

Université de Fribourg

Spontaneously orbital-selective superconductivity in a three-orbital Hubbard model

Ishigaki, Kosuke ; Nasu, Joji ; Koga, Akihisa ; Hoshino, Shintaro ; Werner, Philipp

In: Physical Review B, 2018, vol. 98, no. 23, p. 235120

We study a three-orbital Hubbard model with negative Hund's coupling in infinite dimensions, combining dynamical mean-field theory with continuous time quantum Monte Carlo simulations. This model, which is relevant for the description of alkali- doped fullerides, has previously been shown to exhibit a spontaneous orbital-selective Mott phase in the vicinity of the superconducting phase....

Université de Fribourg

Physiological and Molecular Responses to Altered Sodium Intake in Rat Pregnancy

Eisele, Nicole ; Klossner, Rahel ; Escher, Geneviève ; Rudloff, Stefan ; Larionov, Alexey ; Theilig, Franziska ; Mohaupt, Markus G. ; Mistry, Hiten D. ; Gennari‐Moser, Carine

In: Journal of the American Heart Association, 2018, p. -

In pregnancy, a high plasma volume maintains uteroplacental perfusion and prevents placental ischemia, a condition linked to elevated maternal blood pressure (BP). Reducing BP by increasing Na+ intake via plasma volume expansion appears contra‐ intuitive. We hypothesize that an appropriate Na+ intake in pregnancy reduces maternal BP and adapts the renin‐angiotensin system in a...